現在位置首頁 > 博碩士論文 > 詳目
論文中文名稱:永磁同步馬達參數及磁性編碼器特性之量測方法研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Study of Measurement Methods for PMSM Parameters and Characteristics of Magnetic Encoder [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:電資學院
系所名稱:電機工程系電力電子產業碩士專班
畢業學年度:107
畢業學期:第一學期
出版年度:107
中文姓名:陳政隆
英文姓名:ChengLung.Chen
研究生學號:105E08004
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2018/11/03
論文頁數:72
指導教授中文名:黃明熙
口試委員中文名:黃明熙;賴炎生;羅應照
中文關鍵詞:永磁同步馬達、參數量測、馬達動力測試平台、磁性編碼器
英文關鍵詞:Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor, Parameter Measurement, M-G Set,
論文中文摘要:本文主要在研究永磁同步馬達參數之量測方法、動力測試平台建構及發展徑向磁性轉子位置感測IC之測試系統。為縮短馬達驅動器之研發流程,近年來多以模擬軟體來協助設計馬達驅動器,而馬達電氣參數是否正確對模擬結果正確性有相當程度之影響。另外,對於馬達設計而言,雛型馬達之精準參數量測是設計回饋之重要項目。基此,本文發展永磁同步馬達之電氣參數、轉矩常數、無載反電動勢常數、頓轉轉矩及磁飽和對相電感影響之量測方法來協助設計永磁同步馬達及其驅動器。
為量測馬達參數及馬達驅動器之輸出特性,因此本論文自行建構具2kW/6000rpm主動負載、10Nm精密轉矩感測器及Z軸高度可調之馬達測試平台,提供低輸出功率馬達測試;由於低功率高轉速待測馬達與負載馬達之轉子軸心對正對轉矩量測精度相當重要,因此發展以對心儀協助之對心標準操作程序以提高量測數據之準確性。
隨後建立高轉速磁氣轉子位置感測IC之特性測試平台,為分析待測IC之量測精度、安置位置影響及動態響應特性,於用來固定環形磁石之轉軸上加入高解析度光學編碼器、降低原動伺服馬達轉矩漣波之慣性輪及安置感測IC之XYZ獨立調整之精密平台等機制。最後,以實測來驗證所提方法之有效性。
論文英文摘要:The main purpose of this thesis is to study the measurement method of permanent-magnet synchronous motor parameter, the construction of dynamic test platform and the development of test system for radial magnetic rotor position sensing IC. In recent years, simulation software has been used to accelerate the designing process of motor drives. Consequently, accuracy of the electrical parameters has a considerable influence on the correctness of the simulation result. Accuracy of measurement from the prototype motor feedback, likewise, plays a key role in the motor design. For is reason, a method to measure electrical parameters, torque constant, and no-load current back electromotive force constant is developed in this thesis. A method to measure the influence of cogging torque and magnetic saturation on phase inductance to assist in designing a permanent magnet synchronous motor and its drive is also established.
To measure the motor parameters and the output characteristics of the motor drive, a motor test platform is built with 2kW/6000rpm active load, 10Nm precision torque sensor, and adjustable Z-axis to provide low output power motor test. Since the alignment of the rotor axis of the motor to be tested, which is low-power and high-speed, and the loaded motor is critical for torque measurement accuracy, the standard operating procedure using a center align aid is included to improve the accuracy of the measured data.
Then, a high speed test system for radial magnetic rotor position sensing IC is built. A high-resolution optical encoder is added to the rotating shaft to fix the ring-shaped magnet for analyzing the measurement accuracy, the placement position influence, and the dynamic response characteristic of the IC to be tested. These mechanisms are used to reduce the inertia wheel of the servo motor torque chopping and as the precise platform to adjust XYZ positions of the sensing IC independently. Finally, the effectiveness of the proposed method is verified by actual measurements.
論文目次:目錄

摘要 ii
ABSTRACT iii
誌謝 v
目錄 vi
表目錄 ix
圖目錄 x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景及目的 1
1.2 研究近況與文獻探討 5
1.2.1 電氣參數量測 5
1.2.2 轉子位置回授裝置 11
1.3 研究方法 14
1.3.1 馬達參數量測方法 14
1.3.2 磁性編碼器的特性量測 14
1.4 論文大綱 16
第二章 永磁同步馬達之原理與分析 17
2.1 永磁同步馬達之分類 17
2.2 永磁同步馬達之數學模型 18
2.2.1 靜止框之主導方程式 18
2.2.2 同步框之主導方程式 20
2.3 反電動勢常數與轉矩常數 22
2.3.1 定義 22
2.3.2 ke與kt關係 23
第三章 動力測試平台之建構 25
3.1 動力平台架構 25
3.2 轉軸對心 28
3.2.1 對心方法 29
3.2.2 量測原理與設置 30
3.3 M-G Set之組件對心 34
3.4 對心數據分析 39
第四章 參數量測結果與數據分析 41
4.1 實驗設置 41
4.1.1 待測馬達 41
4.1.2 實驗設備 42
4.2 參數量測 42
4.2.1 相電阻 42
4.2.2 相電感 44
4.2.3 電感飽和 45
4.2.4 相電阻與頻率關係 46
4.3 特性量測 48
4.3.1 無載反電動勢 48
4.3.2 頓轉轉矩 49
4.3.3 輸出轉矩量測 52
4.4 馬達特性之簡易量測方法 53
4.4.1 無載反電動勢 53
4.4.2 轉矩常數 54
4.5 Hall Sensor對位 55
4.6 結論 56
第五章 磁性編碼器量測試平台研製 58
5.1 磁環磁通密度分析 60
5.2 平台研製 61
5.3 測試結果 63
5.4 結論 65
第六章 結論與未來展望 66
6.1 結論 66
6.2 未來研究方向 66
參考文獻 67
符號彙編 71
論文參考文獻:參考文獻

[1] 吳長恩,「具寬速度控制範圍之同步磁阻馬達驅動器研製」,國立台北科技大學電機工程系碩士學位論文,台北,2015。
[2] A. T. D. Almeida, F. J. T. E. Ferreira, and Ge Baoming, “Beyond Induction Motors - Technology Trends to Move Up Efficiency,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 50, no. 3, pp.2103-2114, May – June 2014.
[3] Motor Technology Symposium, Techno-frontier 2015 Japan.
[4] Electric Machines and Power Electronics: UK opportunities, Sep. 2013. [Online]. Available: http://www.apcuk.co.uk/
[5] 張智凱,「具低解析度轉子磁場位置回授之永磁同步馬達驅動器研製」,國立台北科技大學電機工程系碩士學位論文,民國九十九年。
[6] Tesla Permanent Magnet Motor. [Online]. Available:https://motorwallpapers.org/tesla-permanent-magnet-motor/
[7] Kollmorgen AKM Servomotor Selection Guide. [Online]. Available:https://www.raveo.cz/sites/default/files/dokumenty/[katalog]_Kollmorgen_AKM_Selection_Guide_2014_EN.pdf
[8] “Obtaining Synchronous Machine Parameters by Standstill Frequency Response Testing,” IEEE Std. 115A, 1987.
[9] “Test Procedures for Synchronous Machines,” IEEE Std. 115, 1995.
[10] “Testing PM Machines,” IEEE Std. 1812, 2014.
[11] M. A. Hamida, J. De Leon, A. Glumineau, and R. Boisliveau, “An Adaptive Interconnected Observer for Sensorless Control of PM Synchronous Motors with Online Parameter Identification,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 60, no. 2, pp. 739-748, 2013.
[12] Y. Inoue, Y. Kawaguchi, S. Morimoto, and M. Sanada, “Performance Improvement of Sensorless IPMSM Drives in a Low-Speed Region Using Online Parameter Identification,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Appl., vol. 47, no. 2, March-April 2011.
[13] S. Ichikawa, M. Tomita, S. Doki, and S. Okuma, “Sensorless Control of Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motors Using Online Parameter Identification Based on System Identification Theory,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 53, no. 2, April 2006.
[14] M. E. Haque and M. F. Rahman, “Dynamic Model and Parameter Measurement of Interior Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor,” Nov.30, 2015.
[15] S. Yamamoto and T. ARA, “Determination of Direct and Quadrature Axis Inductances of Synchronous Reluctance Motors with Allowance for Cross Saturation,” Electrical Engineering in Japan, vol. 149, no. 4, 2004.
[16] Identification of PMSM Motor Parameters with a Power Analyzer, Hioki [Online]. Available:
https://www.hioki.com/file/cmw/hdTechnicalDataEn/56/attached_file/?action=browser&log=1&lang=en
[17] A. H. Wijenayake and P. B. Schmidt, "Modeling and Analysis of Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor by Taking Saturation and Core Loss into Account," IEEE Conf. PEDS., vol. 2, pp. 530-534, 1997.
[18] M. Kondo, “Parameter Measurements for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Machines,” IEEJ Trans. Electr. Insul., vol. 2, pp. 109-117, 2007.
[19] S. Yamamoto, T. Kano, Y. Yamaguchi, and T. ARA, “A Method to Determine Direct- and Quadrature-Axis Inductances of Permanent-Magnet Synchronous Motors,” Electrical Engineering in Japan, vol. 171, no. 3, 2010.
[20] V. Z. Groza, “Experimental Determination of Synchronous Machine Reactances from DC Decay at Standstill,” IEEE Trans. Instrum. Meas., vol. 52, no. 1, Feb. 2003.
[21] S. Morimoto, Y. Takeda, and T. Hirasa, “Parameter Measurements of PM Motor in DQ Equivalent Circuit,” IEEJ, vol. 113, no. 11, 1993.
[22] J. Juergens, A. Fricasse`, L. Marengo, J. Gragger, M. D. Gennaro, and B. Ponick, “Innovative Design of an Air Cooled Ferrite Permanent Magnet Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Machine for Automotive Traction Application”, IEEE ICEM., Lausanne,, 2016.
[23] C. D. Bar, O. Wallmark, “Eddy Current Losses in a Hairpin Winding for an Automotive Application”, IEEE ICEM, Alexandroupoli, Greece, 2018.
[24] Z. Q. Zhu, “A Simple Method for Measuring Cogging Torque Measurement,” IEEE PESGM., Calgary, AB, pp. 1-4, 2009.
[25] Digital hall sensor. [Online]. Available:http://shop.cpu.com.tw/product/45559/info/
[26] Optical Incremental Rotary Encoders. [Online]. Available:http://www.tamagawa-seiki.com/products/rotaryencoder/incremental.html
[27] Optical Absolute Rotary Encoders. [Online]. Available:http://www.tamagawa-seiki.com/products/rotaryencoder/absolute-multiturn.html
[28] Resolver. [Online]. Available:https://www.encoder-technology.com/images/product_specifications/singlsyn.pdf
[29] Magnetic Encoders. [Online]. Available:https://www.allegromicro.com/en/Design-Center/Technical-Documents/Hall-Effect-Sensor-IC-Publications/Guidelines-For-Using-Allegro-Angular-Sensors.aspx
[30] A1335 Angle Sensor IC. [Online]. Available:https://www.allegromicro.com/en/Design-Center/Technical-Documents/Hall-Effect-Sensor-IC-Publications/Advanced-On-Chip-Linearization-A1335-Angle-Sensor-IC.aspx
[31] 范冠羽,「用於助動腳踏車之永磁同步馬達驅動器研製」,國立台北科技大學電機工程系碩士學位論文,台北,2015。
[32] A Permanent Magnet Integrated Starter Generator for Electric Vehicle Onboard Range Extender Application. [Online]. Available:https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/A-Permanent-Magnet-Integrated-Starter-Generator-for-Wang-Jin/54ecf29f2f3a3c4921df8f45d8c8487c284650f9.
[33] 蘇育鴻,「雙邊型之軸向磁通永磁同步馬達」,國立台北科技大學電機工程系碩士學位論文,台北,2012。
[34] R. Krishnan, “Electric Motor Drives Modeling, Analysis, and Control,” Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall, 2001
[35] J. R. Hendershot Jr., and T. J. E. Miller, “Design of Brushless Permanent-Magnet Motors,” Motor Design Books LLC, pp. 7-8~7-16, June 1994
[36] A Practical Guide to Shaft Alignment. [Online]. Available:https://www.plantservices.com/assets/knowledge_centers/ludeca/assets/A_Practical_Guide_to_Shaft_Alignment.pdf
[37] SKF . [Online]. Available: http://www.eb-bearing.com.tw/?f=Bearing-Instrument-Tools
[38] SKFs New Shaft Alignment Tool is the First to Use Inductive Proximity Sensor. [Online]. Available:https://worldindustrialreporter.com/skfs-new-shaft-alignment-tool-first-use-inductive-proximity-sensor/
[39] SKF TKSA 11. [Online]. Available :http://www.skf.com/binary/tcm:12-248116/MP5433_tcm_12-248116.pdf
[40] 對心專用墊片,[Online]. Available :
http://www.hht.tw/zh-tw/product-598112/對心專用墊片-TMAS-墊片.html
[41] A1335LLETR-(DD)-T Datasheet. [Online]. Available:
https://www.digikey.com/en/datasheets/allegromicrosystemsllc/allegro-microsystems-llca1335datasheetashx.
論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2023-11-13起公開