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論文中文名稱:運用EIO-LCA及系統動態模式探討產品碳足跡減量與成本分析 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Using EIO-LCA and System Dynamics Approach to Control Carbon Footprint and Related Cost [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
英文姓名:Chin-Tsung Chang
英文關鍵詞:Product Carbon FootprintEconomic Input Output - Life Cycle AssessmentSystem DynamicsProjectorPerformance of Controlling Carbon
論文中文摘要:因應地球日漸暖化,許多政府與研究學者開始意識到過多溫室氣體排放的後果,紛紛呼籲大家節能減碳。工業發展是人類重要的產業經濟結構的革新,卻也是造成地球暖化的元兇之一。台灣以製造與代工為主的獲利模式,面對全球500大企業組成的供應鏈領導聯盟(SCLC),要求旗下供應商公布碳排放資料,加上ISO 14064系列也規範了組織與計畫層級溫室氣體盤查與計畫的機制,促使企業必須揭露組織的溫室氣體排放量,此外英國標準協會(BSI)制定了全球第一部產品碳足跡規範(PAS 2050),並進一步實施建置產品碳標籤的程序。根據問卷指出,在台灣實施碳標籤有助於產品的銷售,目前歐盟、澳洲、加州、日本、韓國與泰國也建立了產品碳標籤制度。故本研究利用EIO-LCA來快速且低成本的評估產品於生命週期中的碳排放量,以利企業瞭解組織及產品的碳排放熱點,可循此改進。根據評估所得之結果,利用系統動態學建立系統模型,針對產品碳排放熱點進行情境設計與模擬,使產品碳足跡符合企業標準下,找出所需花費成本的權衡,讓企業在降低產品碳足跡上有最大效益。本研究以電腦週邊商品投影機為範例,示範本論文所提方法論實際應用於產品碳足跡減量與其成本控制。
論文英文摘要:Because the major concern of global warming, governments and researchers worldwide have focused on keeping greenhouse gas emissions under control. They have called on everyone to conserve energy and reduce emissions of carbon. Manufacturing industry play an important role in industrial and economic development, but it may be the main cause of global warming. Taiwan is an OEM-oriented (Original Equipment Manufacturer-oriented) country. The supply chain leadership coalition (SCLC) requires their suppliers to release emissions of carbon and make plans for reducing carbon emissions. The International Standard Organization also formulates ISO 14064 series for organization to control emissions of carbon. Further, The BSI (British Standards Institution) developed PAS 2050. It is the first regulation of product carbon footprint in the world. According to the survey research in Taiwan, implementing carbon labeling on products can enhance sales. Therefore, we use EIO-LCA (Economic Input-Output Life Cycle Assessment) to assess the carbon emissions of products. It can facilitate enterprises to understand the hot spot of carbon emissions in its supply chain. According to the result of EIO-LCA, we use the system dynamics approach to conduct the dynamic modeling and design the scenario to simulate carbon emissions reduction. The purpose of research is to find the trade-off between the cost and emissions in order to achieving the goal of reducing the carbon footprint. The case study uses a projector, as an example to demonstrate the proposed EIO-LCA and System Dynamics methodology applying for the control of its carbon emission and related cost.
論文目次:摘要 I
Abstract II
目錄 V
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
1.3 研究方法與步驟 3
1.4 研究架構 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 碳足跡 5
2.1.1 碳足跡定義 5
2.1.2 碳足跡類型 6
2.1.3 碳足跡盤查與減量規範 9
2.2 綠色供應鏈 15
2.3 生命週期評估 16
2.3.1 生命週期評估介紹 16
2.3.2 EIO-LCA簡介 19
2.3.3 EIO-LCA的應用 20
2.4 系統動態學 21
2.4.1 系統動態學定義與應用 21
2.4.2 因果回饋環路圖 22
2.4.3 系統動態模型 24
第三章 研究方法與流程 26
3.1 EIO-LCA模式建構 26
3.1.1 評估目標決定 27
3.1.2 投入產出模式建立 28
3.1.3 EIO-LCA模式 30
3.2 系統動態模式建構 31
3.2.1 系統目標制定與分析 35
3.2.2 因果回饋環路圖建構 36
3.2.3 系統動態模型建立 36
3.3 系統決策設計與推論 37
3.3.1 情境設計與模擬 37
3.3.2 結果解釋分析 38
第四章 案例研究 40
4.1 案例研究背景 40
4.1.1 投影機產業分析 41
4.1.2 投影機產品碳足跡評估作業 42
4.2 案例之EIO-LCA建立 47
4.2.1 投影機之投入產生模式 47
4.2.2 投影機之EIO-LCA 49
4.3 案例之系統動態模式建立 53
4.3.1 投影機碳足跡減量-質性模式 53
4.3.2 投影機碳足跡減量-量性模式 56
4.3.3 模型信效度測試 57
4.4 案例情境模擬與結果闡釋 58
4.5 小結 62
第五章 結論與建議 63
第六章 參考文獻 65
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