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論文中文名稱:水泥砂漿添加石墨烯系材料之 工程性質研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Study on Engineering Properties of Cement Mortar with Additions of Graphene-based Materials [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木工程系土木與防災碩士班
畢業學年度:106
畢業學期:第二學期
出版年度:107
中文姓名:葉雲棋
英文姓名:Yun-Chi Yeh
研究生學號:105428061
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2018/07/30
論文頁數:143
指導教授中文名:黃中和
指導教授英文名:Chung-Ho Huang
口試委員中文名:黃中和;顏聰;陳建易;許貫中
中文關鍵詞:石墨烯團聚現象強塑劑水泥砂漿奈米材料
英文關鍵詞:GrapheneAgglomeratesSuperplasticizerCement MortarNanomaterials
論文中文摘要:石墨材料已廣泛地應用於日常生活,隨著奈米石墨烯材料的開發更成為熱門且先導性之一。本研究採用石墨粉、石墨烯、2 %氧化石墨烯、10 %氧化石墨烯等材料,添加於水泥砂漿中,探討材料分散性與其對水泥砂漿工程性質的影響。首先,考慮使用四種不同減水效能(18 %、27 %、28 %、30 %)之羧酸類強塑劑,來作為石墨材料的分散劑。同時,將各種石墨系材料以水泥重量百分率(0~0.4 %)添加於水泥砂漿,進行新拌性質、力學強度、熱電性能與微觀結構等試驗,藉以探討石墨系材料對水泥砂漿工程性質之影響。
試驗結果顯示,石墨烯系材料於水泥漿溶液之分散度可利用紫外線光譜儀(UV)吸光度作為分散指標。相同強塑劑用量下,石墨烯系材料分散性未與減水率有正相關,強塑劑羧酸根離子數越高對石墨烯分散效果越佳。強塑劑用量由石墨材料0倍增加到6.6倍時,吸光度變化在0.52~1.93 A.U,其中以4倍用量分散程度為最佳。10 %氧化石墨烯對水泥砂漿力學強度提升最為明顯;當添加率由0 %提高至0.4 %時,28天齡期水泥砂漿抗壓及抗彎強度分別變化於305~418 kgf/cm2及56~75 kgf/cm2,其中以0.15%添加率為最佳。2 %氧化石墨烯對水泥砂漿導電與導熱性能影響較大,當添加率為0 ~0.4 %,28天齡期水泥砂漿導電率的變化於34~106 S/m間,熱傳導係數介於0.97~1.63 W/mK,添加氧化石墨烯可提高水泥砂漿導電與導熱性能。固定0.15添加率下,添加石墨粉、石墨烯、2%氧化石墨烯、10 %氧化石墨烯水泥砂漿之總孔體積分別為0.136、0.119、0.106,以及0.102 ml/g,控制組為0.132 ml/g。石墨粉會增加孔隙量,石墨烯與氧化石墨烯均能降低孔隙體積,以10 %氧化石墨烯改善最為明顯,可降低約30%。由掃描式電子顯微鏡觀察可知,石墨烯系材料的添加不僅可有效填補漿體孔隙,使水泥砂漿更緻密,尚能與水化產物膠結,增加水化產物的成核點,促進水化反應。
論文英文摘要:Graphite materials are now widely used in everyday life. With the development of nano-graphene materials, these materials have become one of the hottest and leading. However, there are few related studies on applying these materials to concrete. This study used graphene-based materials, such as graphite powder, graphene, 2 % graphene oxide, and 10 % graphene oxide, in cement mortar. The materials’ dispersion and the engineering properties of cement mortar with additions graphene-based materials were been investigated. First, consider the use of four different water-reducing levels (18 %, 27 %, 28 %, 30 %) polycarboxylate superplasticizers to investigate the dispersion of graphite materials. Various graphite materials were added to the cement mortar with cement weight percentage (0~0.4 %), and the properties of fresh mortar, mechanical strength, thermoelectric properties and microstructure were tested to explore the influence of graphite materials on the engineering properties of cement mortar.
From the test results, the absorbance measured by the ultraviolet spectrophotometer (UV) could be as a dispersion indicator for the graphene-based material in the cement mortar solution. When the superplasticizer is used as the dispersing agents for the graphene-based materials, its water-reducing rate is not positively correlated with the dispersion of the graphene-based material. The higher the number of carboxylate ions in the superplasticizer, the better the dispersion effect on graphene. When the amount of the superplasticizer is increased from 0 times to 6.6 times by the graphite material, the absorbance changes between 0.52 and 1.93 A.U. Among them, the dispersion degree is the best when the amount of the superplasticizer is 4 times by the graphite material. There is a most obvious improvement made by 10% graphene oxide on the mechanical strength of cement mortar. When the addition rate was increased from 0% to 0.4%, the compressive strength and flexural strength of the cement mortar varied from 305 to 418 kgf/cm2 and 56 to 75 kgf/cm2 at 28 days age, respectively. For the samples mentioned above, the addition rate of 0.15% is the best. There is great influence of 2% graphene oxide on the conductivity and thermal conductivity of cement mortar. When the addition rate is 0% to 0.4%, the conductivity of the cement mortar varies from 34 to 106 S/m, and its thermal conductivity is between 0.97 and 1.63 W/mK at 28 days age. The addition of graphene oxide can improve the electrical and thermal conductivity of cement mortar. When the addition rate is fixed at 0.15 %, the total pore volume of the cement mortar to which graphite powder, graphene, 2% graphene oxide, and 10% graphene oxide are added is 0.136, 0.119, 0.106, and 0.102 ml/g, respectively. The control group was 0.132 ml/g. Graphite powder may increase the amount of pores, while both graphene and graphene oxide reduce the pore volume. The phenomenon mentioned above is most obvious with 10 % graphene oxide, which can be reduced by about 30 %. The scanning Electron Microscopy test results show that the addition of graphene-based materials can not only effectively fill the pores of the mortar, but also make the cement mortar denser. It can also bond with the hydration product to increase the nucleating point of the hydration product and promote the hydration reaction
論文目次:摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌 謝 iv
目 錄 v
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究方法與流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 石墨系材料之簡介 5
2.1.1 石墨材料 5
2.1.2 石墨烯材料 6
2.1.3 氧化石墨烯材料 10
2.2 石墨烯系材料應用於混凝土之研究成果 11
2.2.1 力學性能 11
2.2.2 傳導性能 14
2.2.3 孔隙結構與微觀 17
2.2.4 石墨烯系材料應用之難題 19
2.3 混凝土之傳導性能 21
2.3.1 透水試驗 21
2.3.2 氯離子滲透 22
2.3.3 熱傳導 23
2.3.4 導電性 25
2.4 混凝土孔隙結構與微觀 27
2.4.1 孔隙結構與微觀之測量技術 27
2.4.2 混凝土孔隙結構 28
2.4.3 混凝土微觀結構 30
第三章 試驗規劃 56
3.1 試驗材料 56
3.2 試驗設備 57
3.2.1 材料基本性質試驗設備 57
3.2.2 新拌性質試驗設備 57
3.2.3 硬固性質試驗設備 58
3.3 試驗方法 59
3.3.1 材料性質與分散試驗方法 59
3.3.2 水泥砂漿拌和程序 59
3.3.3 新拌性質試驗 59
3.3.4 硬固性質試驗 61
3.4 試驗變數設定與配比設計 63
3.4.1 試驗變數與配比介紹 63
3.4.2 試驗組別編碼說明 64
第四章 試驗結果與討論 75
4.1 強塑劑對石墨系材料分散效果分析評估 75
4.1.1 材料紅外線光譜試驗 75
4.1.2 紫外線光譜試驗 76
4.1.3 沉降試驗 78
4.2 石墨系材料對水泥砂漿工程性質的影響 80
4.2.1 石墨材料種類對水泥砂漿工程性質影響 80
4.2.2 石墨材料添加率對水泥砂漿工程性質影響 83
4.2.3 強塑劑種類與添加量對水泥砂漿工程性質影響 86
4.3 石墨系材料對水泥砂漿傳導性能的影響 90
4.3.1 石墨材料種類對水泥砂漿傳導性能影響 90
4.3.2 石墨材料添加率對水泥砂漿傳導性能影響 92
4.3.3 強塑劑種類與添加量對水泥砂漿傳導性能影響 93
4.4 石墨系材料對水泥漿微觀結構的影響 95
4.4.1 石墨粉水泥漿 96
4.4.2 石墨烯水泥漿 97
4.4.3 氧化石墨烯水泥漿 99
第五章 結論與建議 129
5.1 結論 129
5.1.1 分散行為之探討 129
5.1.2 石墨系材料水泥砂漿工程性質 130
5.1.3 石墨系材料水泥砂漿傳導性能 131
5.1.4 石墨系材料水泥漿微觀結構 131
5.2 建議 132
參考文獻 134
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