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論文中文名稱:濁水溪沖積扇淺層地下水氮素長期變化趨勢分析 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Analysis of long-term variation trend of Nitrogen in shallow aquifer, Choushui River alluvial fan [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
英文姓名:Yu-Hsiang Liu
指導教授英文名:Shih-Kai Chen
英文關鍵詞:Choushui River alluvial FanGroundwaterAmmoniaNitrateTrend analysisMultiple Linear Regression Analysis
論文英文摘要:Choushui River alluvial fan is an important agricultural area with complicated land uses and various agricultural patterns in Taiwan. Following the regional fast economic development, groundwater has been regarded as an alternative source of surface water in this area, which increased the difficulties in the management of groundwater resources. The aim of this study was to analysis spatial and temporal variation and interrelation for nitrogen concentrations in shallow aquifer of the study area. To clarify the relationships between complicated agriculture activities and nitrogen pollution on groundwater, the long-term linear trends of Ammonia-N and nitrate-N for 39 observation wells were calculated, and spatial estimation was made by using the Ordinary Kriging. Multiple Linear Regression analysis was then conducted by linking various land uses and crop patterns to assess their impacts on nitrogen pollution. The results revealed that obvious increasing tendency of Ammonia-N concentration was found in the region of Erlin Town in Changhua, and that for Nitrate-N was appeared in Huwei Town of Yunlin. More than half of total observation wells showed that concentrations of Ammonia-N and Nitrate-N were in a state of negative correlation, 11 wells simultaneously decreased, and 4 wells under simultaneously growth state. The area with an increasing tendency of Ammonia-N concentration was mainly distributed by land use of paddy field, but the area with increasing tendency of Nitrate-N concentration mainly located in paddy-upland crop rotational fields. It also proved that redox conditions for various agricultural activities and land uses could result in different nitrogen pollution patterns. Through the research results, it can be used as a reference for the establishment of agricultural non-point source pollution control and related groundwater protection measures.
論文目次:摘 要 i
誌 謝 v
目 錄 vi
表目錄 ix
圖目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究動機與目的 2
1.3論文架構流程簡介 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 農業氮肥施用探討 4
2.1.1水、旱田環境之氮素轉化作用 5
2.1.2水、旱田環境之氮素入滲淋洗作用 6
2.2台灣地下水氮素汙染 7
2.3氮素於人體及環境危害 8
第三章 材料與方法 9
3.1研究區域概述 9
3.1.1氣象水文概況 10
3.1.2地表水水文特性 10
3.1.3地下水水文特性 11
3.1.4土地利用概述 11
3.1.5灌溉圳路 12
3.1.6輪作制度 14
3.1.7濁水溪沖積扇地下水監測井網 15
3.2汙染物濃度長期趨勢分析 17
3.3區域地理統計 17
3.3.1變異性分析 18
3.3.2半變異元模式 19
3.3.3交叉驗證 20
3.4 PEARSON相關性分析 21
3.5多元線性迴歸分析 21
第四章 結果與討論 23
4.1氮素汙染現況 23
4.2氮素長期趨勢分析 27
4.2.1氨氮濃度趨勢空間推估分布圖 31
4.2.2硝酸鹽氮濃度趨勢空間推估分布圖 32
4.3氮素相關性分析 34
4.4氮素汙染與耕作制度探討 37
4.5氮素汙染與土地利用探討 38
4.6氮素汙染與農作面積探討 39
4.7綜合討論 43
第五章 結論與建議 47
5.1結論 47
5.2建議 48
參考文獻 49
附錄一 55
附錄二 62
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