現在位置首頁 > 博碩士論文 > 詳目
  • 同意授權
論文中文名稱:火山泥混合紙渣綠泥燒製輕質粒料之研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Application of Volcanic Mud and Paper Pulp Sludge in the Manufacturing Lightweight Aggregate [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木工程系土木與防災碩士班
畢業學年度:105
畢業學期:第二學期
出版年度:106
中文姓名:陳翰
英文姓名:Han Chen
研究生學號:104428024
學位類別:碩士
口試日期:2017/07/31
論文頁數:102
指導教授中文名:黃中和
口試委員中文名:顏聰;彭瑞麟;徐造華
中文關鍵詞:火山泥紙渣綠泥輕質粒料燒結技術
英文關鍵詞:Volcanic MudPaper Pulp SludgeLightweight AggregateSintering
論文中文摘要:火山泥與紙渣綠泥之處理多採土地掩埋法,其資源再利用技術研究較少。為此,本研究考慮將其再利用為輕質粒料之原料,以火山泥參配不同比例的紙渣綠泥(0%、10%、20%、30%)進行輕質粒料之製作,並考慮以不同燒結條件(預熱溫度與時間、焙燒溫度與時間)進行輕質粒料之試燒,量測燒結粒料之基本工程性質,藉以探討火山泥及紙渣綠泥為原料燒製輕質粒料之可行性。 試驗結果顯示,火山泥經預熱及焙燒,可成功燒製為輕質粒料,其顆粒密度介於1486 kg/m3~1941 kg/m3、吸水率則介於9.0%~15.5%,其性質可符合一般混凝土用輕質粒料之需求。參配不同比例的紙渣綠泥,在不同燒製條件下,其粒料顆粒密度介於1224 kg/m3~1755 kg/m3、吸水率則介於9.8%~32.8%。研究成果發現,火山泥添加紙渣綠泥可增加燒製時的發泡氣量,可使粒料之顆粒密度降低,但會提高粒料的吸水率;其次,紙渣綠泥含有較高助熔氧化物成分,可降低輕質粒料的焙燒溫度。因此,火山泥加入紙渣綠泥於輕質粒料之燒製,具有節約能源與粒料輕量化之優點。
論文英文摘要:The volcanic mud and paper pulp sludge are both used as wastes and were processed by landfill method. It’s important for environmental protection to find the new recycling techniques. Therefore, this research focuses on developing a recycling method for the volcanic mud and paper pulp sludge. They were used as the raw materials to manufacture lightweight aggregate which were made by the combination of volcanic mud with different proportions of paper pulp sludge (0%, 10%, 20%, and 30%). In this research, it conducted a set of experiment jobs for sintering lightweight aggregate. The sintering conditions which included the preheating temperatures and time, sintering temperatures and time were adopted. After produced lightweight aggregates, it measured the engineering properties of sintering aggregates so as to explore and discuss the feasibility of regarding the volcanic mud and paper pulp sludge as the raw material of sintering lightweight aggregate. The test results show that the volcanic mud could be sintered as lightweight aggregate with a suit preheating and sintering manages and its particle density vary from 1486 kg/m3 to 1941 kg/m3 and water absorption ranges from 9.0% to 15.5%; its property meets the requirements of lightweight aggregate used in concrete. Adding paper pulp sludge into the volcanic mud as the raw material to manufacture lightweight aggregate under different sintering conditions, the particle density of the produced lightweight aggregates were varied between 1224 kg/m3 and 1755 kg/m3 and the water absorption ranges from 9.8% to 32.8%. From the research results, it can be discovered that if the paper pulp sludge is added into the volcanic mud, the foam volume will be increased in the process of sintering and the particle density will also be reduced. However, the water absorption of lightweight aggregate made from mixed sludge will be increased. Using the paper pulp sludge can be reduced the sintering temperature of lightweight aggregate duce to paper pulp sludge possess high fluxing oxide component. Therefore, the sintering that adds paper pulp sludge into volcanic mud shows advantages over energy saving and aggregate lightweight.
論文目次:摘 要 i 目 錄 ii 表目錄 v 圖目錄 vi 第一章 前言 1 1.1研究背景 1 1.2研究動機與目的 2 1.3研究方法與流程 2 第二章 文獻回顧 5 2.1輕質粒料種類 5 2.1.1天然輕質粒料 5 2.1.2人造輕質粒料 6 2.2輕質粒料工程性質 6 2.2.1輕質粒料物理性質 7 2.2.2輕質粒料力學性質 8 2.3人造輕質粒料燒結技術 9 2.3.1造粒與熱處理 9 2.3.2化學成分 12 2.3.3發泡機制 14 2.3.4液相玻璃結構 14 2.4工業廢泥再製輕質粒料之應用 15 2.4.1水庫淤泥 15 2.4.2淨水污泥 16 2.4.3飛灰 17 2.4.4底灰 17 2.4.5石材廢泥 18 第三章 試驗規劃 27 3.1試驗材料 27 3.2試驗設備 28 3.3雛粒製作及燒製方法 29 3.4試驗方法與步驟 30 3.4.1材料基本性質試驗 30 3.4.2粒料工程性質試驗 31 第四章 試驗結果分析與討論 41 4.1原料基本性質分析 41 4.1.1物理性質 41 4.1.2化學性質 42 4.2火山泥燒結型輕質粒料燒製技術 42 4.2.1燒結條件對輕質粒料顆粒密度影響 42 4.2.2燒結條件對輕質粒料吸水率影響 45 4.2.3燒結條件對輕質粒料筒壓強度影響 47 4.2.4燒結條件對輕質粒料微觀結構影響 47 4.3紙渣綠泥燒製輕質粒料可行性 49 4.4火山泥參配紙渣綠泥燒製輕質粒料 49 4.4.1紙渣綠泥取代率對輕質粒料顆粒密度之影響 49 4.4.2紙渣綠泥取代率對輕質粒料吸水率之影響 50 4.4.3紙渣綠泥取代率對輕質粒料筒壓強度之影響 51 4.4.4紙渣綠泥取代率對輕質粒料微觀結構之影響 52 第五章 結論與建議 97 5.1結論 97 5.1.1燒結技術之探討 97 5.1.2紙渣綠泥取代率之探討 97 5.2建議 98 參考文獻 99
論文參考文獻:1.Chandra, S. and Berntsson, L., “Lightweight Aggregate Concrete”, Noyes Publications,New York, USA, 2002.。 2.黃兆龍,「水庫淤泥輕質粒料混凝土在橋樑及高樓綠建築上推廣應用」,現代營建雜誌社,2005。 3.莊文星,「台灣之火山活動與火成岩」,國立自然科學博物館,1999。 4.?莫莫,「火山大爆發」,右灰文化,2012。 5.劉德慶、陳慧莉,「台灣寶石、岩石與礦物圖鑑」,貓頭鷹出版,2010。 6.蕭博仰,「水庫淤泥輕質粒料之膨脹氣體生成研」,國立中興大學,碩士論文,2006。 7.陳澤修,「綠色建築新材料冷結型煤灰輕質粒料」,現代營建208期,1997。 8.范國晃,「淤泥粒料燒製及拌製混凝土之研究」,國立中興大學,碩士論文,2001。 9.顏聰,「土木材料」,國立中興大學,2014。 10.Berntsson, L, and Chandra, S., Lightweight Aggregate Concrete for Inside House Construction, Swedish Council for Building Research, R-13, Stockholm, Sweden ,1994. 11.顏聰、陳豪吉、黃兆龍,「台灣水淤泥燒製輕質骨材可行性之探討」,中國土木水利工程期刊,2005。 12.魏玉麟,「添加廢玻璃對F型飛灰產製之輕質粒料影響」,東海大學,建築材料,2016。 13.王順元,「廢棄物資源化再製輕質骨材之應用研究」,博士論文,國立中興大學,2009。 14.陳豪吉、王順元,「以污水處理廠污泥與水庫淤泥混配燒製輕質骨材之研究」,萬芳數據,2010。 15.Shaohua Zhang,Laibao Liu, Kefeng Tan, Lihua Zhang, Kaijing Tang, "Influence of burning temperature and cooling methods on strength of high carbon ferrochrome slag lightweight aggregate",Construction and Building Materials,2015. 16.C.R. Cheeseman, A. Makinde, S. Bethanis, Properties of lightweight aggregate produced by rapid sintering of incinerator bottom ash, Resources, Conservation and Recycling ,2005. 17.龔洛書、柳春圃,「輕集料混凝土」,中國鐵道出版社,1996。 18.Chung-Ho Huang,"Application of water treatment sludge in the manufacturing of lightweight aggregate",Construction and Building Materials,2013. 19.Bo Li , Tung-Chai Ling, Lie Qu, Yuan Wang "Effects of a two-step heating process on the properties of lightweight aggregate prepared with sewage sludge and saline clay",Construction and Building Materials,2016. 20.Chen-Chiu Tsai, Kuen-Sheng Wang, Ing-Jia Chiou " Effect of SiO2–Al2O3–flux ratio change on the bloating characteristics of lightweight aggregate material produced from recycled sewage sludge",Construction and Building Materials,2006. 21.顏聰、陳豪吉、黃兆龍,「水庫淤泥輕質骨材產製及輕質骨才混凝土應用與推廣」,內政部建築研究所補助研究報告,2003。 22.Riley, C.M., “Relation of chemical properties to the bloating of clays”, ACI Journal,1951. 23.吳國豪,「模擬商業用旋窯欲燒和燒結的停留時間和溫度對人造輕質骨料的性能影響」,科技部補助專題研究計畫成果報告,2016。 24.Shihua Liu, Peng Chen, Danhua Xu, Qingdan Yuan " Effects of Sintering Temperature on Phases, Microstructures and Properties of Fused Silica Ceramics", Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland,2017. 25.Clarke, J.L., Structural "Lightweight Aggregate Concrete", Blackie Academic & Professional, 1993. 26.程道腴,「耐火材料學」,徐氏基金會出版,1973。 27.王根元,「回轉窯生產人造輕質骨材的燒成技術」,第一屆海峽兩岸輕骨料混凝土產製與應用技術研討會論文集,南京2004。 28.陳烈方,「粉煤灰陶粒膨脹機理研究」,陝西建築科研所報告,1985。 29.廉慧珍、童良、陳恩義,「建築材料物相研究基礎」,清華大學出版社,1996。 30.近藤連一、繩田信義,「有關人造輕量砂石素材之基礎研究」,????技術年報,第18卷,1964。 31.周贊佑,「國外輕骨料混凝土應用」,碩士論文,東海大學環境科學研究所,2005。 32.林永揚,「水庫淤泥混合焚化飛灰燒製輕質骨材」,碩士論文,東海大學環境科學研究所,2007。 33.鄭秀娥、陳啟明,「淨水污泥之處置及再生利用探討」,台灣自來水公司,2009。 34.劉世翊,「淨水污泥再製輕質骨材可行性研究」,碩士論文,2011。 35.周彩櫻、尚琦、伊洪江,「淨水廠沉澱淤泥超輕陶粒的研究」,天津城市建設學院材料科學與工程系,1999。 36.行政院環保署,「垃圾焚化爐灰渣利用之研發建制及推廣計畫-度是垃圾焚化爐飛灰電漿熔融處理之評估」,研究報告,2000。 37.袁菁、方湜惠、江姿幸、劉瑋婷、黃英哲,「垃圾焚化底渣利用之前處理程序研究」,中華民國環境工程學會,2005。 38.Iason M. Anagnostopoulos, Victor E. Stivanakis " Utilization of lignite power generation residues for the production of lightweight aggregates", Journal of Hazardous Materials ,2009. 39.Min-Cheol Han, Dongyeop Han, Jae-Kyung Shin " Use of bottom ash and stone dust to make lightweight aggregate", Construction and Building Materials ,2015. 40.黃中和、陳豪吉,「以石材廢泥添加淨水污泥燒製輕質骨材之研究」,中華輕質骨材協會會刊,第七期,2010。 41.Jose Manuel Moreno-Maroto, Beatriz Gonzalez-Corrochano, Jacinto Alonso-Azcarate, Luis Rodriguez, Anselmo Acosta, " Development of lightweight aggregates from stone cutting sludge, plastic wastes and sepiolite rejections for agricultural and environmental purposes", Journal of Environmental Management,2017. 42.何常溢,「焚化飛灰再生輕質骨材之研究」,碩士論文,2008。 43.S. Bethanis, C.R. Cheeseman, C.J. Sollars, " Properties and microstructure of sintered incinerator bottom ash", Ceramics International,2002 44.C.R. Cheeseman, S. Monteiro da Rocha, C. Sollars, S. Bethanis, A.R. Boccaccini, " Ceramic processing of incinerator bottom ash", Waste Management,2003 45.顏聰、陳豪吉、黃兆龍,「水庫淤泥輕質骨材產製及輕質骨才混凝土應用與推廣」,內政部建築研究所補助研究報告,2003。 46.陳豪吉、黃中和、王順元,「焚化廠反應灰及飛灰再生為輕質粒料之研究」,內政部建築研究所委託研究報告,2008。 47.黃兆龍、洪盟峰,「臺灣水庫淤泥燒製輕質骨材可行性之探討」,建築材料學報,2005。 48.陳豪吉,「以污水處理廠污泥與水庫淤泥混配燒製輕質骨材之研究」,第十屆全國輕質粒料及輕質混凝土學術討論會暨第四屆海峽兩岸輕質混凝土產製與應用技術研討會論文集,2010。
論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2017-08-25起公開