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論文中文名稱:總量管制可視化之研究-以明德水庫保育計畫為例 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Visualization of TMDL-a Case Study of Ming-de Reservoir Protection Plan [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木工程系土木與防災碩士班
畢業學年度:105
畢業學期:第二學期
出版年度:106
中文姓名:張抒安
英文姓名:Chang,Shu-An
研究生學號:104428064
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2017/07/12
論文頁數:88
指導教授中文名:林鎮洋
指導教授英文名:Lin,Jhen-Yang
口試委員中文名:林鎮洋;陳起鳳;王聖銘
口試委員英文名:Lin,Jhen-Yang;Chen,Chi-Feng;Wang,Sheng-Ming
中文關鍵詞:總量管制資訊視覺化可視化3D互動系統虛擬實境虛擬環境
英文關鍵詞:Total Mass Daily Loads (TMDL)Data VisualizationScientific Visualization3D Interactive SystemVirtual RealityVirtual Environmental
論文中文摘要:總量管制(Total Maximum Daily Load, TMDL)為美國環保署積極推動之集水區污染管制辦法,也是保護與恢復環境水質的根本措施之一。本中心以動態降雨逕流模擬模式(storm water management model, SWMM)模擬主要污染物-總磷之每日污染入流量,並加總計算一年之污染總量,以求得需削減總磷量。鑿於污染物模擬之數值模式結果甚為複雜且因應「資訊視覺化」之發展,本研究統合水質模式、地理資訊系統、互動科技等三領域之科學技術,以「105年水庫營養鹽總量削減措施及技術規範研擬計畫」中之明德水庫部分為例,開發了一套3D實境模擬系統並架設互動裝置。旨在將集水區點源及非點源污染之資訊視覺化,以達到協助環境決策、政策推廣、大眾認知、公民參與等目標。此外,更透過業界訪談,深究資訊視覺化效益及成果。結果顯示,以三維虛擬實境互動系統表現環境議題之效益極高,能夠解決單一領域資訊封閉化的問題。期望本研究所建立的這一套方法,未來可以運用在各類型的水質管理案件當中,也希望本研究在資訊視覺化的龐大趨勢下,對於水質管理領域達到承先啟後的作用。
論文英文摘要:Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) is one of measures developed by Environmental Protection Agency in U.S. to protect and restore environmental water quality. Water Environmental Research Center uses storm-runoff model (SWMM) to simulate the daily TP pollution load and calculate the amount of TP we should reduce. Because the mathematical simulation is difficult to understand, and the concept of “data visualization” has almost become a trend, we integrate interdisciplinary technologies including water quality modeling, geographic information system (GIS) and interactive technology to build a 3D interactive virtual reality system based on the part of Ming-de Reservoir in the proposal named “Reduction measures of nutrients in reservoirs in 2016”. Through the system, we hope to do the visualization of nutrients pollution in watershed to support the environmental decisions and policy promotion. In addition, we research the effect of data visualization by interviewing professional specialist faculties and industry insiders. According to the research, 3D interactive virtual reality system is effective for presenting environmental issues. It could solve the problem that professional information is closed. Standing on the shoulders of giants and showing the way for those to come, we expect our 3D interactive virtual reality system could promote the development on data visualization.
論文目次:中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝iii
目錄iv
表目錄v
圖目錄viii
第一章 緒論1
1.1 研究背景與動機1
1.2 研究目的2
1.3 研究流程2
第二章 文獻回顧5
2.1 國內案例5
2.1.1 台大癌醫中心醫院-永齡X Lab與衛武資訊We BIM5
2.2 國外案例6
2.2.1 中國-都江堰即時監測資訊三維模擬系統6
2.2.2 香港-城門郊野公園三維互動管理系統9
2.2.3 中國-江蘇省揚州市水污染分散式虛擬地理環境系統13
2.2.4 日本-京都大學研發三維降雨模擬系統14
2.3 小結14
第三章 系統開發與建置15
3.1研究區域概述15
3.2 應用軟體介紹31
3.2.1 Acute3D-Context Capture & Pix4Dmapper31
3.2.2 Skyline32
3.2.3 Unity33
3.2.4 Microsoft Visual Studio33
3.3 色彩分級依據34
3.3.1 各類災害警戒顏色燈號制定原則34
3.3.2 制定藍至綠色碼34
3.4 系統建置36
3.4.1系統建置流程36
3.4.2 系統架構37
3.4.3 明德水庫三維建模38
3.4.4 Unity建構3D模型及水體40
3.4.5 數值資料庫建置42
3.4.6 Unity撰寫系統程式43
第四章 結果與討論55
4.1 系統開發結果55
4.1.1明德水庫三維虛擬實境互動系統55
4.1.2 總磷每日入流量三維視覺化58
4.1.3 集水區內點源污染、非點源污染視覺化62
4.1.4 主要污染物決策視覺化65
4.1.5 成果動態展示69
4.2 使用者回饋71
4.2.1 深度訪談法71
4.2.2 水質管理領域-明德水庫工作站72
4.2.3 地理資訊系統領域-Skyline台灣總代理75
4.2.4 互動設計領域-臺北科技大學互動設計所76
第五章 結論與建議78
5.1 結論78
5.2 建議79
參考文獻81
附錄一 2014年至2016年明德水庫水體照片綜整84
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中文文獻
1.行政院環境保護署(2011),集水區非點源污染現地處理技術研發與應用計畫,國立臺北科技大學執行。
2.林旭信、盧尚甫、朱柏豪(2014),「SWMM水理參數優選模式之開發」,臺灣水利期刊,第六十二卷第四期,104-116頁
3.陳羿秋(2014),「石門水庫水質總量管制之研究」,國立臺北科技大學土木與防災所碩士論文。
論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2019-08-04起公開