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論文中文名稱:應用防火逃生模擬程式於特種建築物之測試與分析 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:The Test and Analysis of Fire Evacuation in Special Building by Simulation software [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木工程系土木與防災碩士班
畢業學年度:105
畢業學期:第二學期
出版年度:106
中文姓名:鄭任廷
英文姓名:Jen-Ting Cheng
研究生學號:104428080
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2017/07/06
論文頁數:209
指導教授中文名:張哲豪
指導教授英文名:Che-Hao Chang
口試委員中文名:林正平;沈子勝
中文關鍵詞:特種建築物疏散模式SIMULEX性能驗證
英文關鍵詞:Special buildingEvacuation modelSIMULEXPerformance verification
論文中文摘要:現代建築物興建防火逃生設計之初,即須考量如何達成更安全、更經濟、更彈性靈活有效。故在建物空間設計或災害發生前,先行以軟體模擬避難逃生境況,評估可能發生之逃生情況與人員逃生之時間,提出有效預防與從事減災整備等措施,以降低人身與經濟損失,實為當前刻不容緩之問題。本文研究場域特種建築物,更是無法適用於一般規格式法規規範,必須以性能式法規執行檢證,並配合多方避難逃生軟體模擬鑑識與參照,以更謹慎確保場域之避難安全。
本文乃引用北科大(黃、張)研究之APGO疏散避難軟體,以前版基礎人員避難逃生軟體之雛形,加上新版優化後APGO與廣泛使用之疏散避難模擬軟體SIMULEX,嘗試運用於真實混合性使用用途之複雜場域,並以現行國內建築物性能驗證之規定基礎作相互比較與探討。有鑒於此,本研究係針對新建之特種建築物南港車站C1棟複合使用百貨商場為對象,以國內性能驗證法規,探討人員逃生時間與逃生路徑等,並界定避難安全基礎條件。此外,以單一空間單人與多人兩種基礎模擬探討新版APGO與SIMULEX模擬空間中人員移動狀況,可得知在單一空間兩者軟體實際移動路徑與結果無太大差異。另本研究以一般檢證規範之疏散安全時間為基準下,探討南港車站C1棟三種複雜場域之疏散模擬差異,並建構避難逃生模擬評估模式。藉由逃生人員模擬於不同使用型態,結果分析後得知APGO與SIMULEX模擬,三種場域情境最終逃生時間皆小於一般檢證之逃生時間計算。
本研究進一步分析比較兩軟體之細部差異於複雜場域,造成逃生人員過程與時間之疏散避難情境變化,當複雜場域中四處樓層出口產生阻礙,無法順利通往該直通樓梯,以出口逐一受到禁止通行為假設情境;結果可得知,由於SIMULEX以最近距離進行人員疏散避難,模擬過程中產生人員因選擇此路徑造成避難時間拉長,或避難過程與性能驗證規劃逃生路徑不同。反之,新版APGO使用新功能區塊設置,規劃逃生路徑區劃,使模擬過程更貼切實際規劃上,逃生人員之可能疏散之逃生路徑。最後,本研究建議APGO人員擁擠模擬上,需增加不同情境之體積模擬方式,並提出複雜場域使用限制與操作功能改善,以期成果在後續可被應用及討論。
論文英文摘要:How to achieve greater Safer, Save, flexible, and effectiveness should be taken into account right from the start of modern building construction design. Therefore, prior to building space design or the occurrences of disasters, “the use of software to simulate evacuation, evaluate possible evaluation situations and personnel escape time and propose effective prevention and mitigation measures that will reduce personal and economic losses” remains a pressing issue. The general regulatory rules and regulations are not applicable to the special building at the research venue in this paper, and “performance-based regulatory verification” must be carried out in conjunction with multiple person evacuation software simulation identification and reference in order to more stringently ensure evacuation safety at the venue.
In this paper, the APGO evacuation software researched and developed by Teacher Chang Che-Hao and Huang Song-Yun, the prototype of the previous version of personnel evacuation software, coupled with the new version of optimized APGO and the widely used evaluation simulation software SIMULEX, as well as the use of complex venues with actual mixed uses serve as references. In addition, with the existing domestic building performance verification regulations as the basis, comparisons and discussions were made.
In view of this, this study targeted the mall complex located at Nangang Station C1 Building as the participant to discuss personnel evacuation time, evacuation routes, etc., and define the basic conditions of evacuation safety based on domestic performance verification regulations. In addition, single-person and multiple-person in a single space were two types of basic simulation used to discuss the personnel movement in the APGO and SIMULEX simulated spaces. It was found that both software applications showed no major difference in terms of actual movement route and result. Moreover, this study, with the evacuation safety time in the performance verification regulations as the basis, explored differences in the evacuation simulation of three complex venues at Nangang Station C1 Building and constructed an evacuation simulation assessment model. Based on the different types of evacuation personnel simulation, the result analysis shows that, in both APGO and SIMULEX simulations, the final evacuation time in three situational venues was less than the evacuation time computation in the performance verification.
This study further analyzed and compared detailed differences of both software applications in the complex venues, which resulted in changes in evacuation process and time situations. When hindrances at the four floor exits in the complex venue preventing direct passage to the staircase arise, “restricted access progressively imposed at each exit is set as the hypothetical situation. The results show that since SIMULEX directs personnel evacuation within the shortest distance, during the simulation process, personnel who chose this route had lengthened evacuation time, or the evacuation process and the escape route in the performance verification plan varied. On the contrary, the new version of APGO used the new function block setup to plan the escape route zoning, making the simulation process better resemble the actual planning and possible escape routes for escape personnel. Finally, this study recommends APGO personnel crowding up simulation to include different situations of volume simulation and propose complex venue use restrictions and operational function improvement in order to facilitate future applications and follow-up discussions.
論文目次:中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT iii
致謝 vi
目錄 vii
表目錄 ix
圖目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 文獻回顧 3
1.3 研究架構與方法 9
1.4 研究範圍與限制 11
第二章 性能驗證與逃生軟體環境探討 12
2.1 特種建築物混合使用定義與性能驗證方法 12
2.2 疏散避難軟體基礎之建構 19
2.3 避難安全模擬軟體SIMULEX之探討 34
2.4 疏散避難模式APGO之探討 38
第三章 特種建築物資料建置與逃生模式架設 42
3.1南港車站C1棟場域之空間分析與環境資料建置 42
3.2 特種建築物南港車站C1棟場域模式基礎資料建立 48
3.3 南港車站C1棟場域法規性能驗證 55
3.4 SIMULEX實驗模式架設 71
3.5 APGO實驗模式架設 78
第四章 單一空間與複雜空間模擬分析 87
4.1 單一空間人員避難模擬分析 87
4.2 複雜空間人員避難速度模擬分析 95
第五章 疏散避難區劃分析 105
5.1 一般情境10F餐廳複雜場域模擬分析 105
5.2 一般情境11F電影院複雜場域模擬分析 118
第六章 出口阻滯情境分析 128
6.1 情境假設 128
6.2 6F商場複雜場域情境模擬 130
6.3 10F餐廳複雜場域情境模擬 152
6.4 11F電影院複雜場域情境模擬 174
第七章 結論與建議 196
7.1 結論 196
7.2 建議 198
參考文獻 199
附錄 203
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2017-07-31起公開