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論文中文名稱:具類脊椎關節之預鑄節塊鋼筋混凝土柱之耐震行為探討 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Study on Seismic Behavior of Precasted Reinforced Concrete Columns with Vertebra-Joint Segments [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:工程科技研究所
畢業學年度:103
畢業學期:第二學期
出版年度:104
中文姓名:林冠禎
英文姓名:Kuan-Chen Lin
研究生學號:99679021
學位類別:博士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2015/06/22
指導教授中文名:宋裕祺
口試委員中文名:蔡益超, 張荻薇, 張國鎮, 夏明勝, 黃世建, 黃震興
中文關鍵詞:自復位、剪力榫、模組化
英文關鍵詞:Self-centering, Shear key, Module
論文中文摘要:本文以人體脊椎為發想,透過脊椎關節之組合方式及受力行為,提出類脊椎關節之鋼筋混凝土(RC)預鑄節塊橋墩型式,此外,亦參考積木之組合方式,提出模組化鋼筋混凝土預鑄節塊橋墩型式。為使節塊間有良好的剪力傳遞機制,設計兩種型式之預鑄節塊橋墩均分別採用RC與鋼棒施作剪力榫,用以增加抗剪強度,並於國家地震工程研究中心(NCREE)進行此兩種型式橋墩試體之相關耐震性能實驗,續以有限元素分析軟體ANSYS進行預鑄節塊橋墩試體之細部分析。此外,為使工程界能夠進行相關設計工作,本文使用工程師熟稔之SAP2000結構分析軟體簡化模擬分析方式並進行非線性分析。研究成果顯示,本文研提兩種型式具類脊椎關節之預鑄節塊橋墩確實具備良好的韌性、自復位能力及低殘餘變形等優異的耐震性能,可於預鑄場先行施作,免除施工期間對交通的中斷及加快橋建造的速度外,亦可確保建造品質及降低橋梁之維護費用與建造期間對周邊環境的衝擊,且透過實驗與分析之探討,本文所提之預鑄節塊橋墩型式亦適用於強震區並增進耐震性能之成效。
論文英文摘要:Learning from the structure of human joint, this dissertation presented a new type of precasted reinforced concrete (RC) columns with vertebra-joint segments. In addition, the other one new modular type of precast RC block, like the toy brick, was also proposed to be used to accumulate the bridge column. To have a good transformation of shear force between the adjacent segments or the interface of blocks, the shear key made by RC and steel, respectively, were proposed. The seismic behavior of these two new bridge columns were studied through experiments and analysis.
The cyclic-load test of all the experiments were conducted at National Center of Research on Earthquake Engineering (NCREE, Taiwan) and the seismic behavior of the proposed two new types of bridge column were studied experimentally. Further, the software of ANSYS was used to do finite element analysis for detailed numerical simulation of seismic performance of the proposed experiments. Moreover, a simplified structural analysis model using software of SAP2000 well known by engineers was proposed as well in view of availability of the proposed method to practical engineering. There is a good consistence between experimental and analytical results.
The results obtained show that both the proposed precasted reinforced concrete columns with vertebra-joint segments and the precasted toy-brick-like RC blocks to accumulate pier column have good seismic performance of high ductility, well self-centering and low residual deformation. In addition, the proposed new types of construction of bridge column are able to be fabricated with high construction quality, short time and low impact to environment. This dissertation could benefit the accelerate bridge construction (ABC) for the bridge located in the area with high potential of seismic hazard and great demand of environment-protection.
論文目次:中文摘要 i
英文摘要 iii
誌 謝 v
目 錄 vii
表目錄 xiii
圖目錄 xv
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究緣起與背景 1
1.2 研究目的與方法 2
1.3 論文組織與架構 3
第二章 文獻回顧與觀念啟發 7
2.1 相關實驗研究之回顧 7
2.2 預鑄節塊構件行為特性之回顧 19
2.2.1 預力鋼腱 19
2.2.2 消能行為 22
2.2.3 遲滯迴圈模型 23
2.2.4 節塊接頭 25
2.3 有限元素軟體在預鑄節塊結構分析之應用回顧 25
2.4 類脊椎應用於預鑄節塊橋墩之觀念啟發 34
2.4.1 人體脊椎之概念應用於剪力榫預鑄節塊 34
2.4.2 模組化預鑄節塊橋墩之概念 36
第三章 預鑄節塊構件材料與理論分析模型 37
3.1 前言 37
3.2 一般鋼筋混凝土橋墩分析模式 37
3.3 無握裹鋼材預鑄節塊 39
3.4 具握裹鋼材預鑄節塊 43
3.5載重變位分析 45
3.6 鋼筋混凝土材料組成律 47
3.6.1 混凝土組成律 47
3.6.1.1 Kawashima混凝土組成律 47
3.6.1.2 Mander混凝土組成律 50
3.6.2 鋼筋應變硬化組成律模式 57
3.6.3 預力鋼腱組成律 58
3.7 預鑄節塊接觸介面力學行為探討 60
3.8小結 62
第四章 類脊椎預鑄節塊試體實驗設計與規劃 63
4.1 類脊椎關節之預鑄節塊橋墩型式 63
4.2 實驗目的 63
4.3橋墩試體設計 64
4.3.1傳統場鑄橋墩試體設計 64
4.3.2鋼棒剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體設計 65
4.3.3 RC剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體設計 72
4.4橋墩試體製作及組裝 78
4.4.1傳統場鑄橋墩試體製作 78
4.4.2鋼棒剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體製作與組裝 80
4.4.3 RC剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體製作與組裝 84
4.5橋墩試體實驗規劃 88
4.5.1傳統場鑄橋墩試體實驗規劃 89
4.5.2鋼棒剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體實驗規劃 91
4.5.3 RC剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體實驗規劃 95
4.6小結 95
第五章 類脊椎預鑄節塊試體實驗成果與探討 97
5.1前言 97
5.2傳統場鑄橋墩試體實驗之成果與探討 97
5.3鋼棒剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體實驗之成果與探討 99
5.3.1無預拉力試體SSK-P0成果與探討 99
5.3.2預拉力為 之試體SSK-P1成果與探討 103
5.3.3預拉力為 之試體SSK-P2成果與探討 108
5.3.4鋼棒剪力榫預鑄節塊綜合成果與探討 113
5.4 RC剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體實驗之成果與探討 116
5.4.1無預拉力試體RCSK-P0成果與探討 117
5.4.2預拉力為 之試體RCSK-P1成果與探討 120
5.4.3預拉力為 之試體RCSK-P2成果與探討 125
5.4.4 RC剪力榫預鑄節塊綜合成果與探討 130
5.5 RC剪力榫與鋼棒剪力榫預鑄節塊綜合比較與探討 133
5.5.1試體遲滯迴圈發展結果 133
5.5.2節塊開合與轉角 137
5.5.3小結 141
第六章 數值分析與探討 143
6.1前言 143
6.2 ANSYS構件模擬之適用元素 143
6.2.1 Solid65元素 144
6.2.1.1 Solid65元素說明 144
6.2.1.2 Solid65設定限制 146
6.2.2 Link180元素 147
6.2.2.1 Link180元素說明 147
6.2.2.2 Link180元素設定限制 147
6.2.3 Pipe288元素 148
6.2.3.1 Pipe288元素說明 148
6.2.3.2 Pipe288元素的假設與限制 148
6.2.4 Contact及Target元素 149
6.2.4.1 Targe170元素說明 150
6.2.4.2 Targe170元素輸入資料 150
6.2.4.3 Targe170元素設定限制 151
6.2.4.4 Conta174元素說明 151
6.2.4.5 Conta174元素輸入資料 151
6.2.4.6 Conta174元素設定限制 153
6.3 ANSYS構件模擬之有限元素模型 153
6.3.1材料性質與參數 153
6.3.2邊界條件 155
6.3.3力量加載與分析設定 155
6.3.4 預鑄節塊實驗與ANSYS分析結果比較 157
6.3.4.1 試體SSK實驗結果與ANSYS模型分析比較 158
6.3.4.2 試體RCSK實驗結果與ANSYS模型分析比較 164
6.4 SAP2000構件模擬之簡化模型 170
6.4.1 構件塑鉸性質 170
6.4.2 預鑄節塊簡化模型建立 171
6.4.3 預鑄節塊實驗與SAP2000分析結果比較 175
6.4.3.1 試體SSK實驗結果與SAP2000模型分析比較 176
6.4.3.2 試體RCSK實驗結果與SAP2000模型分析比較 179
第七章 模組化預鑄節塊橋墩之開發與實驗探討 185
7.1 模組化預鑄節塊橋墩開發概念 185
7.2模組化預鑄節塊橋墩試體之設計、規劃與組裝 187
7.2.1模組化RC剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體 188
7.2.1.1模組化RC剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體設計 188
7.2.1.2模組化RC剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體之製作與組裝 194
7.2.1.3模組化RC剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體實驗規劃 200
7.2.2模組化鋼棒剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體 205
7.2.2.1模組化鋼棒剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體設計 205
7.2.2.2模組化鋼棒剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體之製作與組裝 211
7.2.2.3模組化鋼棒剪力榫預鑄節塊橋墩試體實驗規劃 217
7.3模組化預鑄節塊橋墩試體實驗之成果與探討 221
7.3.1 試體MRCSK實驗之成果與探討 221
7.3.1.1 試體MRCSK遲滯迴圈發展結果 221
7.3.1.2 試體MRCSK破壞模式 222
7.3.1.3 試體MRCSK節塊開合與轉角 226
7.3.1.4 試體MRCSK預力之發展與破壞 232
7.3.2 試體MSSK實驗之成果與探討 235
7.3.2.1 試體MSSK遲滯迴圈發展結果 235
7.3.2.2 試體MSSK破壞模式 237
7.3.2.3 試體MSSK節塊轉角與開合量 239
7.3.2.4 試體MSSK之預力發展 242
7.3.3 試體MRCSK與MSSK實驗結果比較與探討 243
7.4模組化預鑄節塊橋墩試體數值分析 244
7.4.1試體MRCSK實驗結果與SAP2000模型分析比較 246
7.4.2試體MSSK實驗結果與SAP2000模型分析比較 248
7.5模組化預鑄節塊橋墩施工性與擴充性 251
7.6小結 253
第八章 結論與建議 255
8.1 結論 255
8.2 建議 257
參考文獻 261
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