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論文中文名稱:社經地位與兒童語言使用之研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:A Study on the Relationship between Children's Language Use and Socioeconomic Status [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
英文姓名:Hsin-Yu Hsu
英文關鍵詞:socioeconomic statusparental educational statuslanguage usemean length of sentencesadjectivesintensifiersdegree adverbs
論文英文摘要:Language is not only used to express speakers’ thoughts, but can be used to reflect speakers’ organization of his/her ideas. Because of many reasons like language learning environment, people use various language expressions even when we are describing the same thing. Studies have suggested that socioeconomic status (SES) plays an important role in affecting these different language uses since the beginning of a person’s language development. However, most research focuses on the language development such as vocabulary size, and little attention has been paid to the multiple language usages. Thus, the present study aims to find out the relationship between socioeconomic status and language use of children. The socioeconomic status was examined by parents’ educational levels, and the language use was focused on the sentence length, use of adjectives, and intensifiers in Chinese. Children’s diaries were collected as the data. Mean length of sentences, frequency of using adjectives and intensifiers were analyzed through MANOVA. The results show no significant differences between the sentence length, frequency of using adjectives and intensifiers and children’s SES. However, some special features of language use among different SES children were still found. Furthermore, it was found that there is a significant difference in the relationship between positive adjectives and paternal education. Higher SES children tend to produce more positive adjectives than low SES children. The importance of fathers’ responsibility to their children’s language use was also shown in the result.
Table of Contents vii
List of Tables ix
List of Figures x
2.1 Linguistic factors 4
2.1.1 Sentence length 5 Features of sentences in Chinese 6 Functions of sentence length 8
2.1.2 Adjectives 9 Features of adjectives 9 Function of adjectives 11
2.1.3 Intensifiers 12 Features of intensifiers 12 Classifications of intensifiers 14 Functions of intensifiers 15
2.2 Socioeconomic status—parental education 17
2.3 Research Questions 20
Chapter 3. METHODOLOGY 22
3.1 Subjects 22
3.2 Data collection procedure 23
3.3 Coding schemes 25
3.3.1 Examining sentence length 25
3.3.2 Examining adjectives 29
3.3.3 Examining intensifiers 31
3.4 Statistical analysis 32
Chapter 4. Results & Discussion 33
4.1 Sentence Length and SES 33
4.2 Adjectives and SES 38
4.3 Intensifiers and SES 44
Chapter 5. Conclusion 50
5.1 Research Findings 50
5.1.1 Sentence length and SES 50
5.1.2 The use of adjectives and SES 51
5.1.3 The use of intensifiers and SES 52
5.2 Implications of the Study 52
5.3 Limitations and Suggestions for Future Studies 54
Appendix A 學生參與計畫研究同意書 59
Appendix B Written notification to the teachers 60
Appendix C list of symbols in CKIP Chinese Parser 61
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