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論文中文名稱:魚類週遭流場可視性之研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:A Study of Flow Characteristic Observation
in Fish Swimming [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:環境規劃與管理研究所
中文姓名:蔡明憲
英文姓名:Ming-Xian Tsai
研究生學號:90608013
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2005-07-27
論文頁數:75
指導教授中文名:林鎮洋;陳彥璋
口試委員中文名:曹先紹;楊翰宗
中文關鍵詞:生態工程魚類突進泳速魚道設計
英文關鍵詞:Ecological EngineerFish Fast-start swimming speedFishway Design
論文中文摘要:河川,水流,水生動物與水生植物構成了河溪完整的生態系統。工程師的職責便是建築保障人類財產安全的水工結構物,並讓生態系統避免受到人為破壞。因為棲地與流場之間的依存度,關係到將來施作水利工程如何能夠回復到原本自然環境的面貌與本質。
水生生物之需求應納入生態工法的考量中。本研究之主要架構主要著眼於魚類周遭流場之可視性技術,主要是在觀察魚類游泳前進時周遭的流場結構。實驗方式分為流場觀測實驗與長渠道實驗。而本研究所採用之影像處理技術是以PTV技術為基礎並利用影像處理程式,將兩種不同之魚類進行實驗並處理。研究流程為分別將所拍攝到之影片進行擷取,分成數張之圖片檔,接著進行顆粒擷取、顆粒定位、顆粒座標顯示、最後則是顆粒軌跡圖繪製,以呈現魚類前進時周遭之流場結構。流場觀測實驗主要是針對魚類本身行為特性,得到魚體雷諾數與Strouhal number等結果;而長渠道實驗主要是觀察魚體在靜水與動水狀態之下之突進泳速變化。
本研究期能藉由以上之研究方式找出生物特性與水利工程設計之關連並作為生態因子與工程實務結合之橋樑。
論文英文摘要:Complete stream ecosystem composesd of Rivers,water flowing,aquatics. Hydraulic engineer’s responsibility is to build hydraulic constructionon to protect the security of people and to avoid ecosystem to be destroyed. Because the connection of habitats and flowing characteristics involve how to restore original environment character in every hydraulic engineer design.
Ecological engineering design should conside aquatics’s requirement for water. The research result is a study of flow characteristic observation in fish swimming. The experiment is classified are flowing characteristic and channel. First, Experiment equipment should Set up and choose a light source, The photography uses PTV and image program.The research uses two fishes in this experiment. The purpose of experiment is the character of fish’s ability to get the result of Fish’s Reynold number and and Strouhal number.The channel experiment is to measure the change of fast-start swimming speed in static water and moving water.The flowing characteristic experiment discoveries the relations on fishes swing and optimal propulsion efficiency.
The research can find the relations on the organism ability and hydraulic engineering design and combine ecological and engineer design.
論文目次:中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究方法與步驟 3
1.3.1 研究方法 3 1.3.2 研究步驟 4
1.4本研究範疇與限制 6
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1廊道設計與魚類行為特性 7
2.2魚類之游泳行為 8
2.2.1 游泳速度分類 8
2.2.2 魚類游泳速度相關文獻 9
2.3流場觀測實驗 16
2.3.1 國內相關文獻 16
2.3.2 國外相關文獻 17
第三章 實驗設計 ..18
3.1實驗器材選定 18
3.2 CMOS攝影觀測技術 19
3.3實驗場地與設備架設需求 20
3.3.1 拍攝場地之需求 20
3.3.2 拍攝之顆粒選擇 20
3.3.3 拍攝之燈光選擇 23
3.4實驗之魚類物種介紹 23
3.4.1 台灣纓口鰍 23
3.4.2 羅漢魚 23
第四章 流場觀測實驗 26
4.1拍攝程序 26
4.1.1 實驗過程 26
4.1.2 架設注意要點 28
4.2影像檔前置作業 29
4.3圖片比對與顆粒定位 33
4.3.1 圖片篩選 34
4.3.2 Matlab程式參數設定 35
4.4 顆粒軌跡繪製 39
4.4.1 PTV技術 39
4.4.2 最小位移化路徑理論 39
4.3.3 顆粒軌跡圖 40
4.5實驗結果 42
4.5.1 突進泳速計算 42
4.5.2 魚體雷諾數計算 42
4.5.3 Strouhal number計算 43
4.6小結 46
第五章 長渠道觀測實驗 48
5.1拍攝程序 48
5.1.1 實驗過程 48
5.1.2 架設注意要點 50
5.2影像處理流程 51
5.3實驗結果分析 53
5.4小結 68
第六章 結論 70
參考文獻 72
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