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論文中文名稱:非點源削減技術-多槽處理設施之試驗研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Non pollution source reduction technology-
Multi-Chambered Treatment Train [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:環境工程與管理研究所
出版年度:97
中文姓名:黃致喬
英文姓名:Chih-Chiao Huang
研究生學號:95608036
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2008-07-28
論文頁數:80
指導教授中文名:林鎮洋;陳孝行
口試委員中文名:康世芳;陳起鳳
中文關鍵詞:非點源污染最佳管理措施熱點多槽處理設施
英文關鍵詞:Non Pollution Sources (NPS)Best Managemant Practices(BMPs)Hot SpotsMulti-Chambered Treatment Train (MCTT)
論文中文摘要:近年來,最佳管理措施(Best Managemant Practices,BMPs)已成為國內處理非點源污染及水質管理之重要手段。本研究沿用行政院環保署之非點源削減試驗計劃之場址與數據,並後續增加3場暴雨資料,藉此評估多槽處裡設施(MCTT)在本土之適用性。本研究場址設置於坪林行控中心內,主要收集其建築物屋頂及停車場之暴雨逕流,本MCTT場址自96年5月完工啟用,共操作8個月收集9場暴雨資料,經利用濃度去除率法估算MCTT對各種污染物之平均去除效率,分別為,SS:72%、COD:44%、大腸桿菌:51%、氨氮:47%、TP:54%、鉛:52%、銅:40%、鋅:75%,油脂:62%;另外由於過濾槽使用泥炭,釋出色度,因此出流水的色度增加了59%,但經過二個月操作後已無色度釋出。
此外,本研究利用統計之相關係數來檢視污染物之去除率與降雨強度及總降雨量之關係。計算結果,油脂與降雨強度呈現負高度相關,其餘皆為低或無相關,再經統計之t檢定其相關係數之顯著性,結果顯示僅油脂與降雨強度之負高度相關為顯著,其餘去除率之相關係數均不顯著。
本研究與阿拉巴馬州大學校園示範MCTT之數據針對全系統、沉澱槽及過濾槽作一比較,在全系統方面,去除效率尚稱良好,尤其以氨氮較為突出,其他皆與阿拉巴馬大學校園示範型 MCTT相當;在沉澱槽方面,去除效率除COD外,其餘皆相近;而在過濾槽方面,去除效率普遍較阿拉巴馬大學之示範型MCTT為好。
論文英文摘要:In recent years, the best management practices (BMPs) have become the major means of managing the non-point source pollution and the water quality of receving water bodies This research extends the MCTT’s pilot project supported by the Environmental Protection Agency and three additional storm events were added to further assess the local applicability of the MCTT’s, located in Pinglin traffic control center. The stormwater runoff came mainly from the structure’s roof and a parking area. The MCTT site had successfully collected nine storm events during eight- month operation since the completion of the MCTT in May, 2007. And the removal efficiencies of the individual pollutants were calculated by the Removal Rate (RR) method. The results showed that the removal efficiencies of the individual pollutants were as follows: SS: 72%, COD: 44%, E. coli: 51%, ammonia: 47%, TP: 54 %, Lead: 52%, copper: 40%, zinc: 75%, oil: 62%; and, the outflow colour increased 59% due to the use of peat in filtering chamber. However, the colour faded away after two-month operation.
In addition, this study used the correlation coefficient to investigate the relationship between the removal of pollutants with the rainfall intensity and the total rainfall depth. The results showed that the oil removal rate presented high negative correlation with the rainfall intensity, but other removal rates were either low or no correlate with respect to rainfall intensity or total rainfall depth. Those correlation coefficients were further tested by the t-tests and the results showed that the high negative correlation between oil removal rate and the rainfall intensity was significant, but other correlation coefficients were not significant.
On the comparison of local MCTT with that installed in Alabama campus, the overall removal efficiencies were somewhat equivalent for both systems, but the local MCTT showed better removal for the NH3-N’s. With respect to the individual chamber, the Alabama’s MCTT showed better removal for the COD’s in its settling chamber, but the local MCTT presented better removal than that of the Alabama’s case in their filtering chamber.
論文目次:目錄

摘 要------------------------------------------------ i
ABSTRACT---------------------------------------------- ii
誌 謝------------------------------------------------- iv
目錄-------------------------------------------------- v
表目錄------------------------------------------------ vi
圖目錄------------------------------------------------ viii
第一章 前言------------------------------------------- 1
1.1 研究動機------------------------------------------ 1
1.2研究目的------------------------------------------- 2
1.3研究流程------------------------------------------- 3
第二章 文獻回顧--------------------------------------- 4
2.1 非點源污染的來源與性質---------------------------- 4
2.2 非點源污染處理措施之應用及發展-------------------- 7
2.3其他型BMP設施與多槽處理設施------------------------ 10
2.4不透水性鋪面非點源污染之性質、來源及國內外數據參考- 31
第三章 材料與方法------------------------------------ 35
3.1 研究場址介紹-------------------------------------- 35
3.1.1 背景環境------------------------------------- 35
3.1.2 場址介紹------------------------------------- 38
3.2 採樣條件與方法------------------------------------ 39
3.3 分析數據之方法------------------------------------ 45
第四章 結果與討論------------------------------------- 48
4.1 採樣事件------------------------------------------ 48
4.1.1背景資料調查------------------------------------ 48
4.1.2 暴雨採樣事件----------------------------------- 49
4.2 MCTT去除率分析------------------------------------ 51
4.2.1 MCTT入、出流濃度------------------------------- 51
4.2.2 MCTT污染總去除率------------------------------- 63
4.2.3 降雨強度及總降雨量對去除率之影響--------------- 65
4.3 MCTT沉澱槽與過濾槽去除率與國外數據之比較與評析---- 69
4.3.1 MCTT 沉澱槽與過濾槽去除率之比較---------------- 70
4.3.2 MCTT與國外數據之比較與評析--------------------- 71
第五章 結論與建議------------------------------------- 74
5.1 結論---------------------------------------------- 74
5.2 建議---------------------------------------------- 75
參考文獻---------------------------------------------- 76
附錄一------------------------------------------------ 80
論文參考文獻:參考文獻

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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2008-08-19起公開