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論文中文名稱:邊坡崩塌因子與豪雨影響之研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:An Investigation of some Factors that Triggered Landslides [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木與防災研究所
中文姓名:李芷妍
英文姓名:Chih-Yen Li
研究生學號:94428007
學位類別:碩士
語文別:英文
口試日期:2007-06-15
論文頁數:209
指導教授中文名:魏敏樺
指導教授英文名:Min-Hua Wei
口試委員中文名:姚大鈞;張哲豪
口試委員英文名:Ta-Chün Yao;Che-Hao Chang
中文關鍵詞:颱風降雨邊坡破壞入滲非飽和土壤
英文關鍵詞:TyphoonRainfallSlope FailureInfiltrationUnsaturated Soil
論文中文摘要:台灣地處亞熱帶,屬於海島型氣候,全年雨量豐而不均,具有雨量豐沛且集中的豪雨特性。颱風帶來的豪雨常造成山坡地沖刷及侵蝕等現象,引發土層滑動等不同形式的坡地災害。台灣山地面積約佔總面積之百分之六十四,隨著工商業的發展、人口急劇的增加,開發山坡地已成必然之趨勢。然而,山區道路的開發卻對生態造成傷害,也成為近年來豪雨過後大規模邊坡破壞的發生處。當豪雨發生時,地下水位的位置皆處於地表面下,介於地下水位及地表面間的土壤為非飽和狀態,稱為非飽和土壤。此時雨水入滲使得土體本身的基質吸力變化造成土壤內強度的降低,進而產生坍滑現象。
本文探討94年四個主要侵台颱風(海棠、馬莎、泰利、龍王)所造成1718件的道路邊坡崩塌案例為研究對象,進行致災原因的統計分析。並以台北藝術大學之破壞案例為例,針對『非飽和紅土邊坡』進行邊坡穩定性之影響分析與探討。研究內容為雨水入滲對土壤基質吸力的影響以及降雨對邊坡崩塌之安全性研究。
然而現地本身就擁有過多的不確定性,例如地層資料、地下水文、雨量變化情形及坡面植被情況等,為了有效考量現地情況以及探討實驗室試驗所可能造成土壤參數的誤差值,使用非飽和邊坡穩定分析理論,探討各項參數對邊坡的貢獻及影響。
論文英文摘要:The geology of Taiwan is complicated, and the precipitation is rich and concentrated. Three quarter of Taiwan is made up of hillsides and the increase of the island population has directed many new developments towards the hillsides. As a result, the number of slopes failure has also increased; this is particularly so after a heavy rainfall for residual soil slopes. In mostly cases, due to the unique location of ground water table in the slope, soils between the slope surface and ground water table are in unsaturated state. It’s called unsaturated soil. During long raining season, heavy rainfall intensity will inevitably force the shear strength of these soils to depreciate and subsequently cause the slope to fail. Consider the engineering characteristics such as matric suction of unsaturated soil in the stability problem.
In this study, four typhoons: Haitang, Matsa, Talim and Longwang have been found to cause 1718 slope failures in 2005. Based on the forensic diagnosis of the observed failures, we can generalize the important factors for slope failures. Numerical analysis using SoilVision program is adopted to model the NTUA slope failure. Uncertainties such as soil layer distribution, ground water table, rainfall distribution and laboratory testing may affect the result of the stability analysis of slope. Finally, this study assessed the effect and contribution of soil parameters to an unsaturated slope.
論文目次:摘 要 i
Abstract ii
Acknowledgements iv
Table of Contents v
List of Tables viii
List of Figs ix
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 General 1
1.2 Objectives of Study 1
1.3 Methodology 2
1.4 Layout of Thesis 3
Chapter 2 Literature Review 5
2.1 Introduction 5
2.2 Landslide Hazard 6
2.2.1 Landslide Mechanisms and Type 6
2.2.2 Landslide Behavior 9
2.2.3 Landslide-Prone Occurrences 11
2.2.4 Geologic Conditions 14
2.2.5 Groundwater Conditions 18
2.2.6 Landslide-Rainfall Correlation 27
2.3 Numerical Analysis on Slope Stability 38
2.4 Uncertainty, Probability and Risk Analysis 42
2.4 Uncertainty, Probability and Risk Analysis 42
2.4.1 Uncertainty Analysis 43
2.4.2 Risk Analysis 44
2.4.3 Basic Concepts 45
2.4.4 Reliability Index 49
2.4.5 Probabilistic Analysis of Performance Function 50
Chapter 3 Rainfall induced landslides 52
3.1 Introduction 52
3.2 Topography, Geology, Climate and Hydrology 54
3.2.1 Topography and Geology 54
3.2.2 Climate 55
3.3 Typhoon 62
3.4 Typhoons in 2005 67
3.4.1 Typhoon Haitang 68
3.4.2 Typhoon Matsa 71
3.4.3 Typhoon Talim 72
3.4.4 Typhoon Longwang 74
3.4.5 Disaster Statistics 77
3.5 Slope Failures 82
3.5.1 Types of Slope Failure 82
3.5.2 Statistics of Slope Failures 91
3.5.3 Landform and Geology of Slope 94
3.6 Rainfall Brought by Typhoons 115
3.6.1 Maximum Rainfall and Accumulated Rainfall 118
3.6.2 Maximum 24-Hour Rainfall of Each Typhoon 122
3.7 Other Factors of Contributing to Slope Failures 127
3.7.1 Earthquake/Fault 128
3.7.2 River/Stream System 132
3.7.3 Slope Angles 134
Chapter 4 Numerical analysis of Slope Stability 139
4.1 Introduction 139
4.2 Outline of the Study Area 140
4.2.1 Site Topography and Geology 140
4.2.2 Hydrology and Climate 142
4.3 Numerical Program Used 144
4.3.1 SVFLUX 144
4.3.2 SVSOLID 150
4.3.3 SVDYNAMIC 154
4.4 Infiltration Effects on Stability of Soil Slope 162
4.4.1 Geometry of Slope and Soil Properties 162
4.4.2 Model of Analysis 164
4.4.3 Rainfall Effect on Water Pressure 167
4.4.4 Summarize Briefly 175
Chapter 5 Uncertainty and Probability Analysis 176
5.1 Introduction 176
5.2 Random Variables 178
5.2.1 Monte Carlo Simulation 180
5.2.2 Rosenblueth’s Point Estimates Method 183
5.2.3 First-Order Second-Moment Methods (FOSM) 186
5.3 Application 188
5.3.1 Model of Analysis 188
5.3.2 Sensitivity Analysis 191
5.3.3 Method of Analysis 193
5.4 Summary 199
Chapter 6 Conclusions and Recommendation 201
6.1 Conclusions 201
6.2 Recommendation 203
References 204
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2008-07-17起公開