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論文中文名稱:透地雷達應用於地下油污染探測之研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Study on the application of Ground-Penetrating Radar in Underground Oil Contamination [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木與防災研究所
出版年度:97
中文姓名:蔣宗祐
英文姓名:Tsung-Yu Chiang
研究生學號:95428035
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2008-07-17
論文頁數:82
指導教授中文名:陳水龍
口試委員中文名:陳立憲;李焜發
中文關鍵詞:透地雷達非破壞檢測地下污染輕-非水相液體
英文關鍵詞:Ground-Penetrating RadarNon-destructive InspectionUnderground ContaminationLight Non-Aqueous Liquids
論文中文摘要:近年來環保意識提高,環境污染問題逐漸受到重視,國內環保署為防止土壤及地下水的污染,已針對全國超過十年以上的加油站進行調查,對於有污染之虞的加油站進行列管,並要求業者進行污染整治事宜,以保護土地及地下水資源之永續利用。有鑑於此,對於老舊加油站有其必要進行污染的檢測與控管。
本論文以透地雷達針對地下油污染案例進行檢測,將雷達探測剖面圖經由資料處理做分析解釋,並進行三維模擬,以提高雷達波的解析技術,藉此偵測定出污染位置、範圍和深度,此外藉由其他案例之檢測來提升污染檢測的可信度。研究結果證實透地雷達可對地下污染能正確描繪出地下污染情況,如污染位置、範圍和深度,可做為日後地下油污染檢測之利器與研究之參考。
論文英文摘要:As people grow more and more aware of environmental protection and more and more attention is paid to environmental pollution, the Environmental Protection Administration has conducted survey on gas stations all over the country that are 10 years or more old for prevention of soil and groundwater contamination. Gas stations with the concern of contamination are listed for monitoring, and the owners are asked for contamination remediation for the protection of lands and the sustainable use of groundwater resources. In view of this, it is necessary to enforce the inspections and monitoring of contamination at old gas stations.
In this study, ground-penetrating radar is introduced to conduct inspections on underground oil contamination. The profiles obtained from radar probing are processed for analysis and explanations, and 3D simulation is performed to improve the analytic capacity of radar waves, as to detect and locate the contamination, extent and depth. In addition, the inspection results of other cases are brought in to increase the credibility of contamination inspection. The result confirms that ground-penetrating radar is capable of characterizing the conditions of underground contamination, such as location, extent and depth. The data can be used as a helpful tool for underground oil contamination inspection and the reference of future studies.
論文目次:摘 要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌 謝 IV
目 錄 V
表目錄 VIII
圖目錄 IX
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機 1
1.3 研究目的與內容 2
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 透地雷達之沿革 5
2.2 相關研究文獻之回顧 8
2.2.1 污染物定義與種類 8
2.2.2 輕-非水相液體概述 9
2.2.3 GPR應用於LNAPL之相關研究文獻 16
2.2.4 GPR應用於三維模擬展示之相關研究文獻 18
第三章 透地雷達相關理論與施測原理 22
3.1 透地雷達基本原理 22
3.2 地層介值影響參數 23
3.3 施測參數設定 28
3.3.1 儀器參數設定 28
3.3.2 拖曳速度 32
3.4 GPR資料處理與圖像判釋 32
3.4.1資料處理 32
3.4.2 圖像判釋 36
3.5 透地雷達之儀器介紹 40
3.6 透地雷達之施測流程 41
3.6.1 現地施測流程 41
3.6.2 資料處理流程 43
第四章 案例分析與結果 46
4.1嘉義水上鄉回歸村污染場址 47
4.1.1 案例場址概述 47
4.1.2 資料處理、分析與三維展示 50
4.1.3 鑽探比對成果 57
4.2 私人加油站污染場址<一> 62
4.2.1 案例場址概述 62
4.2.2 資料處理、分析與三維展示 62
4.3 私人加油站污染場址<二> 69
4.3.1 案例場址概述 69
4.3.2 資料處理、分析與三維展示 69
4.4 小結 74
第五章 結論與建議 76
5.1 結論 76
5.2 建議 76
參考文獻 78
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