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論文中文名稱:以透地雷達量測河川斷面 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Ground Penetrating Radar for cross section measurement of a river [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木與防災研究所
畢業學年度:97
出版年度:98
中文姓名:陳彥霖
英文姓名:Yen-Lin Chen
研究生學號:96428081
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2009-06-15
論文頁數:93
指導教授中文名:陳彥璋
口試委員中文名:廖翊鈞;葉惠中;衛強;楊翰宗
中文關鍵詞:透地雷達鉛錘法河川斷面積
英文關鍵詞:GPRtraditional methodRiver section area
論文中文摘要:台灣四面環海雨量豐沛水資源豐富,社會大眾對水土資源有效利用及各項水利設施之建成關注程度日益提高。而河川、湖泊為水土資源與水利設施之根本,因此長期且確實掌握河川動態實為國人研究之首要目標。而掌握河川動態之因子首推河川斷面積之估算。
一直以來河川斷面量測必須耗費大量人力、金錢、時間,且考慮到洪水過後河川底床變動,資料時效性有限。憑藉透地雷達經濟、快速有效率、非接觸水體等優點,本研究發展透地雷達法量測河川斷面,以期達到節省經費並增加施測頻率之效果。
河川斷面積為一重要水文因子,不論是流量推估、各項水利工程、各類型模式演算,其都為必要參數。研究中以量測北勢溪流域河川為主,建立透地雷達量測流程,已期達到快速量測之效果。經由各種處理功能率定河川底床波形以增加資料判釋準確性,與傳統鉛錘法比較後結果顯示河川斷面積差異約在10%以內,證實此法能夠運用於實際量測。
論文英文摘要:River section has been measured to be a lot of manpower, money, time, and taking into account changes in the floods after the river bed, limited time-sensitive information. GPR by virtue of the economic, fast and efficient, non-contact water, etc., the Research GPR measurement of river sections in order to achieve savings and to increase the effect of testing frequency.
Basal area of river hydrology is an important factor, whether the flow estimate, the water conservancy project, the type of model calculations, the parameters for the necessary. Study to measure the Beishi rivers mainly penetrating radar to establish measurement processes, has been to achieve the effect of rapid measurement. Filter through the various processing functions will be to increase the river bed waveform data interpretation accuracy, with the traditional method plumb the river after the results showed that differences in basal area within about 10% confirmed that this method can be applied to actual measurements.
論文目次:中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝..................................................................................................................................iii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 論文架構簡介 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 透地雷達演進史 4
2.2 透地雷達斷面量測相關研究 6
第三章 透地雷達相關理論 11
3.1 透地雷達基本原理 11
3.1.1電磁波基本原理 11
3.1.2馬克斯威爾方程式 11
3.1.3電磁波特性 13
3.2 介質參數 14
3.2.1導電度 14
3.2.2相對介電常數 15
3.2.3衰減度 15
3.2.4反射係數 16
3.3 透地雷達探測深度及速度 19
3.3.1探測速度求法 19
3.3.2探測深度求法 19
3.4 透地雷達解析度與穿透能力 20
3.5 施測參數設定 23
3.5.1天線頻率 23
3.5.2介質 23
3.5.3延遲時間範圍 24
3.5.4疊加次數 24
3.5.5增益控制 24
3.5.6高通濾波 25
3.5.7訊號延遲 25
3.6 透地雷達反射波型貌及圖像判釋 26
第四章 試驗計畫與結果 28
4.1 試驗區域 28
4.1.1思源橋 29
4.1.2虎寮潭橋 29
4.1.3渡南橋 30
4.2 試驗儀器介紹 31
4.2.1透地雷達組 31
4.2.2支架及懸吊系統 34
4.2.3捲揚器組 35
4.2.4鉛錘 36
4.3 試驗方法流程 37
4.3.1透地雷達法 37
4.3.2鉛錘法 43
4.4 分析方法與試驗結果 44
4.4.1介質濾定 45
4.4.2分析流程 47
4.4.3思源橋試驗結果 47
4.4.4虎寮潭橋試驗結果 51
4.4.5渡南橋試驗結果 55
4.4.6延伸試驗 60
第五章 結論與建議 62
5.1 結論 62
5.2 建議 63
參考文獻 64
附錄A 圖層分析與判釋 68
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2014-08-28起公開