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論文中文名稱:鋼筋混凝土短柱之振動台試驗與分析 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Shake Table Test and Analysis of RC Short Columns [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木與防災研究所
畢業學年度:98
出版年度:99
中文姓名:陳彥勳
英文姓名:Yan-Syun Chen
研究生學號:97428002
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2010-07-14
論文頁數:137
指導教授中文名:廖文義
指導教授英文名:Wen-i Liao
口試委員中文名:簡文郁;張順益
口試委員英文名:Wen-Yu Chien;Shuenn-Yih Chang
中文關鍵詞:鋼筋混凝土非主軸短柱振動台試驗軟化壓拉桿非線性歷時分析
英文關鍵詞:Reinforced concretePrincipal axis orientationShort RC columnShake tableStrut-and-Tie ModelNonlinear time history analysis
論文中文摘要:本文為進行六座純剪破壞控制鋼筋混凝土柱之振動台試驗以了解鋼筋混凝土短柱受不同軸向地震力之影響,共設計兩種類型鋼筋 混凝土柱進行振動台試驗,每類型三座試體之主軸斷面分別為轉向0度、22.5度與45度。試驗採用921集集大地震測站所量測之加速度歷時資料為輸入地震,紀錄試體位移與加速度歷時行為,並分析出各試體剪力與位移遲滯迴圈圖與包絡線。另使用軟化壓拉桿模型應用於柱行為分析,由柱桿件傳力機制,計算試體剪力強度,及由位移預測模型計算側力位移曲線,再與振動台實驗試體包絡線進行比對其預測效果。在分析模擬方面,採用有限元素分析程式SAP2000再配合Takeda與Pivot遲滯模式,進行模擬分析剪力控制鋼筋混凝土柱於承受地震加速度歷時紀錄之非線性反應。
論文英文摘要:This thesis investigates the results of shake table tests on six full-scale shear governed RC columns. Two types of RC columns were designed for the shake table tests. To evaluate the effect of the principal axis orientation on the seismic performance of RC short columns, in the three specimens of each type the principal axes of cross-section are in the directions of 0, 22.5 and 45 degrees to the excitation direction. The input ground motions are the acceleration time histories that recorded at the 921 Chi-Chi earthquake. The response time histories for the accelerations and displacements as well as the force-displacement hysteretic loops are presented in this study. The Strut-and-Tie Model was applied to the prediction of the shear strength and force-deformation relation of the tested RC columns. The calculated results compared with those obtained by shake table test show good agreement. Finally, the finite element analysis program SAP2000 with the Takeda and Pivot hysteretic model was adopted as the analysis tool for analyzing the non-linear behaviors of the tested RC columns.
論文目次:中文摘要 i
英文摘要ii
誌謝iv
目錄v
表目錄viii
圖目錄ix
第一章 緒論1
1.1研究動機與目的1
1.2研究方法2
1.3文獻回顧2
1.4本文內容4
第二章 短柱振動台試驗6
2.1前言6
2.2試體組裝描述6
2.3試體短柱配筋描述7
2.4量測儀器配置8
2.5試驗方式和破壞描述9
2.6試驗結果比較10
2.6.1遲滯迴圈圖比較10
2.6.2強度與韌性之比較11
第三章 軟化壓拉桿之強度與位移預測37
3.1前言37
3.2 ACI 318-05混凝土設計規範38
3.2.1壓拉桿強度規定39
3.2.2 壓桿的計算強度39
3.2.3 拉桿的計算強度40
3.2.4 節點區的計算強度41
3.2.5 使用壓拉桿模式之設計步驟41
3.3 軟化壓拉桿理論.42
3.3.1 軟化壓拉桿D區依序之計算方式44
3.3.2 軟化壓拉桿B區依序之計算方式46
3.4 柱桿件側力強度之位移預測47
3.4.1桿件位移量計算47
3.4.2柱軸力破壞位移預測52
3.5 柱桿件強度預測分析53
3.6柱桿件載重位移與軸力破壞點預測分析53
3.7比較與討論54
第四章 鋼筋混凝土短柱之非線性行為模擬66
4.1前言66
4.2鋼筋混凝土短柱之模擬66
4.2.1非線性模擬方式66
4.2.2構架之系統識別67
4.2.3非線性元素之模擬68
4.3非線性歷時分析69
4.3.1 SAP2000非線性分析程式簡介69
4.3.2輸入地表歷時70
4.3.3非線性彈簧勁度計算70
4.3.4非線性彈簧模型設置71
4.4非線性分析結果72
4.5綜合討論72
第五章 結論與建議105
5.1結論105
5.2建議106
參考文獻108
附錄A多線性Takeda塑性構材114
附錄B多線性Pivot塑性構材117
附錄C模態分析120
附錄D數值分析124
符號說明131
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