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論文中文名稱:自來水質水量保護區植生過濾帶劃設探討 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Study on establish of vegetative filter strips in the water quality and quantity protection area [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木與防災研究所
畢業學年度:98
出版年度:99
中文姓名:劉吉倉
英文姓名:Chi-Tsang Liu
研究生學號:97428080
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2010-07-17
論文頁數:99
指導教授中文名:陳彥璋;林鎮洋
口試委員中文名:陳起鳳;朱子偉
中文關鍵詞:植生過濾帶泥砂攔阻非點源污染保護帶
英文關鍵詞:Vegetative Filter StripsSediment ReductionNon-Point Source PollutionBuffer StripsVegetative Filter Strips Model (VFSMOD)
論文中文摘要:由於我國地狹人稠,先天環境地質脆弱、氣候潮濕多雨等限制因子影響,使得水土保持不易。在先天條件不佳情況下,加上長期以來經濟發展為導向之政策理念,土地集約。種種的天然與人為因素共伴下,造成近年來水庫集水區常於暴雨發生時即成為重災區。此外,我國即使位處生態敏感地區(如水庫蓄水範圍及保護帶範圍),仍處處可見人為開發之足跡,凡此等等不免導致水庫集水區面臨諸多問題,進而影響水庫壽命或供水品質。
雖我國相關法令對於保護帶皆有相關設置、劃設之規定。但法規對於保護帶之劃設皆以水平距離30-50公尺劃設為準則;惟保護帶設置考量因子包括寬度、植生、坡度、地形等數種考量因子,在國內自來水保護區內皆因地處山區地勢陡峭,因此若以國外經驗劃設作為參考準則,與我國現況明顯不適之落差。故本研究其能藉由濱水岸設置適當之植生過濾帶,以足夠之緩衝區,使得泥砂過濾污染物得以藉由植生過濾帶機制削減。
本研究以利用植生過濾帶模式模擬共11種植生過濾帶劃設情境分析,其中以泥砂攔阻效能作為主要參考準則;在三場不同降雨事件下,求得植生過濾帶長30公尺之情境下即可達到90%之泥砂攔阻率,並以此做為過濾帶長度劃設之最適化建議範圍,以作為未來植生過濾帶劃設之參考依據。
論文英文摘要:Nonpoint source pollution are major pollutant by runoff to carrying sediment from stormwater what has long been recognized, and will happen in the soon and uncertain. The control of non-point source pollution (NPS) represents one of the major strategies and the use of best management practices (BMPs) such as buffer zone, vegetative filter strips etc, is under careful consideration. In Taiwan have some regulations rules for the riparian zone to establish them also. However, it does not match local condition of the topography, vegetative situations. So, in this study was using a numerical model to simulate the VFS establish how length, which condition of vegetative are the better, and the other effect parameters.
The objective of this study was to using vegetative filter strips model (VFSMOD) to simulate on-site implementation of vegetative filter strips conservation practices. In the model have set-up 11th scenarios of VFS length from 10-m long to 107-m long, under third rainfall event. After simulation results can be funded, that is length design 30 meters the sediment pollutant reduction rate would be coming up to 90%. So, in the installing VFS at future, the suggestion is based on the scenario of VFS length design can used 30-m long to be an authority.
論文目次:中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 研究方法與流程 3
1.3 研究範圍與限制 5
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 非點源污染(Non-point Source Pollutants) 6
2.1.1 非點源污染特性 7
2.1.2 非點源污染防治 8
2.2 植生過濾帶(Vegetation Filter Strip, VFS) 10
2.2.1 植生過濾帶定義 10
2.2.2 植生過濾帶之功能與應用 13
2.2.3 植生過濾帶影響因子 23
2.3 國內植生過濾帶相關法規 28
第三章 研究方法 31
3.1 模式介紹 31
3.1.1 植生過濾帶模式構件(VFSMOD Model Components) 32
3.1.2 植生過濾帶模式原理(Governing Equation) 33
3.1.3 子模式鏈結(Linkage between sub-models) 38
3.2 研究區域介紹 39
第四章 結果與討論 43
4.1 模式模擬案例區域參數建立 43
4.1.1 水文前處理模組(UH) 43
4.1.2 植生過濾帶模式(VFSMOD) 49
4.1.3 入流泥砂特性(Incoming Sediment Characteristics) 55
4.2 模擬植生過濾帶對逕流(Runoff)削減結果 57
4.2.1 逕流削減效益評估 58
4.2.2 不同入滲公式之逕流削減效益 61
4.3 植生過濾帶泥砂(Sediment)攔阻效率探討 67
4.3.1 不同降雨事件之泥砂攔阻效率與最適化探討 67
4.3.2 不同植生草種攔阻率探討 71
4.3.3 植生過濾帶泥砂年攔阻效率探討 74
第五章 結論與建議 77
5.1 結論 77
5.2 建議 79
參考資料 80
附錄 88
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2010-08-19起公開