現在位置首頁 > 博碩士論文 > 詳目
  • 同意授權
論文中文名稱:以物空間匹配方法重建三維顏面模型 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:3D Facial Model Reconstruction By Object-Space Matching [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木與防災研究所
畢業學年度:98
出版年度:99
中文姓名:石佑偉
英文姓名:Yu-Wei Shih
研究生學號:96428074
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2010-07-20
論文頁數:134
指導教授中文名:張哲豪
指導教授英文名:Che-Hao Chang
口試委員中文名:趙鍵哲;陳偉堯
口試委員英文名:Chien-Che Chao;Wei-Yao Chen
中文關鍵詞:近景攝影量測顏面三維模型物空間匹配
英文關鍵詞:close-range photogrammetrythree-dimensional facial modelsobject-space matching
論文中文摘要:現今電腦硬體設備的快速發展,使得軟體處理速度以及效能都大有提升,在電腦上展示三維虛擬環境讓使用者能更直觀的接收視覺資訊,如果三維模型足夠精密,更可在軟體上測量,省時省力。三維立體模型的建構已應用在如醫療、假牙製作、整形手術及大型手術模擬等領域上,然而市面上關於醫療方面的測量儀器價格仍高。應用在醫療用途上之立體模型,精度應至少需達到公釐等級以下,在量測進行中還需顧及患者的感受,快速完成,並盡量不接觸到患者的皮膚表面。基於上述理由,建立可量測及預視的立體模型,提供醫師及患者作為術前參考是很有幫助且必要的。本研究以攝影測量技術,搭配一般市售平價之非量測型數位相機,以非接觸量測方式重建顏面模型,並檢驗精度評估應用於人體之可行性。
本研究主要分為四部分:(1)經設計實驗證明在結合適當演算法下,採用立體像對測量方式測量已知點位的位置及高程等物理量,本實驗架構之量測水準確實可達到公釐等級。(2)應用物空間匹配法(Object-Space Matching),重新匹配產生顏面模型,與ATOS逆向工程系統製作之模型比對檢驗誤差,並以上述方法建立真人的顏面模型。(3)模型透過虛擬實境模組語言(Virtual Reality Modeling Language)展示。(4)實驗後半階段選擇10個顏面特徵標的(Landmark)進行測量,比較四種測量方法並統計每種測量方法之標準差,選擇最佳測量方法,實際測量並統計30位平均年齡22歲之成年男女性臉部線條長度與角度提供參考。
論文英文摘要:Rapid development of computer hardware has lead to enhanced efficiency and performance. Nowadays, three-dimensional virtual environments displayed on computers provide viewers more direct access to visual information. Three-dimensional models possessing high accuracy may enable users to conduct measurement procedures through software programs, saving them time and effort in comparison with conventional measuring processes. These types of three-dimensional models have been utilized for medical purposes, such as dentures (artificial teeth), plastic surgery and pre-operation simulation. However, such surveying instruments are costly. In addition, literature has suggested that stereo models used for medical purposes should possess at least 1 mm accuracy. A rapid surveying process which minimizes the contact with the skin is also a necessary feature to reduce discomfort of the applicant. Based on these requirements, establishing a stereo model that can be subsequently used for measurement and previewing through software is greatly helpful and necessary for pre-operation simulation. In this study, photogrammetric techniques were applied along with non-metric digital cameras to reconstruct the facial image of an alabaster sculpture via non-contact measuring methods. The procedure was then inspected for its applicability on human faces.
This study consists of three parts. First, algorithms were applied with a stereo-pair measurement method to measure the locations and heights of existing dots. Experimental results confirmed that the measurement method achieved 1 mm accuracy. Secondly, the Object-Space Matching theory was applied for matching and construction of facial models. These models were then compared with models obtained by Reverse Engineering ATOS, and inspected for the errors. The above approach was applied to construct and display actual facial models through Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML). Finally, ten facial landmarks were selected and measured via four different methods. The standard deviations of each method were calculated in order to determine the best measurement method. This method was then applied to measure the facial length and angles of 30 adults (with an average age of 22); statistical results are provided as reference.
論文目次:中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌 謝 iv
目 錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 文獻回顧 2
1.3 研究架構 4
第二章 影像匹配理論 6
2.1 像空間匹配原理 6
2.2 物空間匹配原理 8
2.2.1 像空間相關 8
2.2.2 物空間相關 9
2.2.3 整合相關與定位 9
2.3 數學模式推導 11
第三章 顏面三維模型之建置 17
3.1 實驗器材與擺設 17
3.2 控制點設置 23
3.3 實驗流程 26
3.4 量測精度檢驗 44
3.5 石膏像顏面模型重建與精度檢驗 64
第四章 真實顏面模型展示 76
4.1 真實顏面模型建置 76
4.2 顏面模型展示 85
4.3 測量方法精度比對 87
4.4 顏面標的數據統計 97
第五章 結論與建議 100
參考文獻 102
附錄A 相機率定參數 105
附錄B 量測基板與標準塊測量數據 108
附錄C 攝影測量原理 112
附錄D 數學式推導 124
附錄E SRAP程式輸入格式說明 132
論文參考文獻:[1] 王嵐威,以多項式取代共線式在SPOT立體像對匹配及前方交會上之應用,碩士論文,國立成功大學測量工程學系,台南,1995
[2] 江師榮,空載光達與二維數值地形圖的建物特徵自動化匹配研究,碩士論文,國立成功大學測量及空間資訊學系,台南,2007
[3] 李東明,3D量測系統定位點點雲合併之誤差分析實務,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學機電整合研究所,台北,2007
[4] 李昆峯,產生正射影像區塊並進行航空影像定位,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木工程研究所,桃園,2008
[5] 邱文欽,Radarsat-1 SAR 影像最小二乘匹配之研究,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木工程研究所,桃園,2003
[6] 何維信,航空攝影測量學,大中國圖書公司,2002
[7] 陳威丞,應用近景攝影測量重塑顏面模型精度之評估,碩士論文,國立台北科技大學土木與防災所,台北,2008
[8] 陳泰弘,以多視景虛擬實境建立網際三維地理資訊系統之研究,碩士論文,國立中山大學海洋環境及工程研究所,高雄,2001
[9] 張哲豪,數位影像相關及定位於物空間整合之研究,碩士論文,國立成功大學航空測量學研究所,台南,1980
[10] 黃金城,衛載SAR 地塊影像匹配之參數最佳化,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木工程研究所,桃園,2002
[11] 詹皇祥,近景數化影像半自動式混凝土裂縫量測,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木工程研究所,桃園,2001
[12] 蔡佑南,齒模三維輪廓量測,碩士論文,中原大學機械工程學系,桃園,2002
[13] 劉銘哲,研究不同資源衛星影像之匹配與套合,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木工程研究所,桃園,2008
[14] 蘇文榮,應用地形物元於衛載SAR 影像匹配之研究,碩士論文,國立中央大學土木工程研究所,桃園,2001
[15] David Page, Andreas Koschan, Sophie Voisin, Ngozi Ali and Mongi Abidi “3D CAD model generation of mechanical parts using coded-pattern projection and laser triangulation systems,” Assembly Automation 25/3 , 2005,pp 230-238
[16] Frits A.Rangel, Thomas J. J. Maal, Stefaan J. Berge, Olivier J. C. van Vlijmen, Joanneke M.Plooij,Filip Schutyser, and Anne Marie Kuijpers-Jagtman “Integration of digital dental casts in 3-dimensional facial photographs,” American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics, Volume 134, No 6, 2008
[17] FR’ED’ERIC PIGHIN, RICHARD SZELISKI, DAVID H. SALESIN, “Modeling and Animating Realistic Faces from Images,” International Journal of Computer Vision,VOL143–169, 2002
[18] Helava, 1988. U.V. Helava, “Object space least squares correlation,” Int. Arch. Photogramm. Remote Sensing, 27, 1988, pp. 297–302.
[19] Lili Ma, Tianmin Xu, Jiuxiang Lin “Validation of a three-dimensional facial scanning system based on structured light techniques,” computer methods and programs in biomedicine, VOL 94, 2009, pp 290-298
[20] Marcio de Menezesa, Riccardo Rosatia, Cristina Allievia, Chiarella Sforza, “A Photographic System for the Three-Dimensional Study of Facial Morphology,” Angle Orthodontist, Vol 79, No 6, 2009
[21] M.Weinberg “Anthropometric Precision and Accuracy of Digital Three-Dimensional Photogrammetry Comparing the Genex and 3dMD Imaging System with One Another and with Direct Anthropometry,” The Journal of craniofacial surgery 17(3), 2006, pp 477- 483
[22] Seung Chul Rhee, Eun Sang Dhong, Eul Sik Yoon “Photogrammetric Facial Analysis of Attractive Korean Entertainers,” Aesth Plast Surg, 2009
[23] Umut OZSOY,Bahadir Murat DEMIREL, Fatos B. YILDIRIM, Ozgur TOSUN “Method selection in craniofacial measurements: Advantages and disadvantages of 3D digitization method,” Journal of Cranio-Maxillofacial Surgery,2009
[24] CANFIELD Imaging Systems Official Website, http://www.canfieldsci.com
[25] Dean M. Toriumi, Daniel G. Becker “Rhinoplasty Dissection Manual,” revision rhinoplasty.com, http://www.revisionrhinoplasty.com/RhinoplastyManual/intro.html
論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2010-08-27起公開