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論文中文名稱:應用無人工佈標之近景攝影測量建立災害邊坡數值地形模型 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Using Close-Range Photogrammetry to Reconstruct Digital Terrain Model of Post-Disaster Slope
without Artificial Targets [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木與防災研究所
畢業學年度:99
出版年度:100
中文姓名:鐘琬婷
英文姓名:Wan-Ting Chung
研究生學號:97428070
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2011-07-15
論文頁數:77
指導教授中文名:張哲豪
口試委員中文名:陳偉堯;楊元森;彭淼祥
中文關鍵詞:近景攝影測量地面光達三維模型特徵點邊坡滑動邊坡根面積比
英文關鍵詞:Close-Range PhotogrammetryLiDAR3D modelFeatureSlopelandslidesRoot Area Ratio
論文中文摘要:近幾年空間技術發展已趨近完整。在雷射掃描技術、航空與地面攝影測量技術,已經可以短時間內獲取高精度之三維資訊。台灣長期受到地震、豪雨、颱風等影響,自然因素發生頻繁,所以常造成災害發生,當災害發生,邊坡、土石狀況極為不穩定,本研究以木柵貓空纜車站指南宮站後方之猴山岳做為研究區域,期望以快速且動用最少人力、物力及考量測量人員安全因素之測量方法,快速紀錄災後現場的三維空間資訊,並建立可供展示及量測之三維模型,即時反映災害現場情況,可提供日後的研究與分析。
本研究將介紹以無人工佈標之近景攝影測量方法,以全測站量測獲取邊坡上特徵點坐標,應用軟體完成災害邊坡模型重建。為了評估研究中近景攝影測量重建之邊坡模型精度,精度檢核分成兩個部分:單點量測精度與模型精度。以全測站測得之控制點坐標,從中挑選出5點由控制點改為檢核點不解算外方位,求出全測站與立體量測各方向之殘差;模型精度檢核,研究使用高精度地面光達量測(Ground LiDAR)生成之模型作為檢測標準,比較兩個模型之間的差異。實驗最後以虛擬實境模組語言(Virtual Reality Modeling Language;VRML)展示成果。
論文英文摘要:Spatial technology has undergone rapid development in recent years. In laser scanning technology as well as aerial and terrestrial photogrammetry, highly accurate three-dimensional data can now be acquired in relatively short time. Taiwan is a place prone to calamities such as earthquakes, heavy rainfall and typhoons, which in turn result in highly unstable slope conditions and landslides. This study targets the area of Houshanyue behind Zhinan Temple Station of the Moakong Gondola in Muzha as a site of interest. Our purpose is to develop measurement methods which require minimal manpower and resources and in the meantime ensure personnel safety; this can facilitate instant documentation of three-dimensional data at disaster sites. Three-dimensional models constructed from such data can in turn be utilized for display and measurement purposes, providing immediate information from the sites of disaster and also material for subsequent study and analysis.
This study introduces a close-range photogrammetry method without artificial targets. We acquired feature point coordinates via total station measurement and performed software-assisted model reconstruction of slopes at disaster sites. To evaluate the accuracy of slope models, accuracy verification was focused on two aspects: single-point measurement accuracy and model accuracy. For the first aspect, among the control point coordinates obtained from the total station, five control points were selected and altered to checkpoints of non-solving exterior orientation, and the residuals on the model and between checkpoints were thus calculated. As for model accuracy verification, models generated via high accuracy ground LiDAR measurement served as standards for comparison of two different models. Final results were displayed in the form of Virtual Reality Modeling Language (VRML).
論文目次:目錄
摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 文獻回顧 4
1.3 研究架構 7
第二章 數值地形模型快速建置方案 10
2.1近景攝影測量 10
2.2 地面光達 24
第三章 無佈標之近景攝影測量試驗 29
3.1 研究區域 29
3.2 實驗儀器設備 34
3.3邊坡數值地形模型建置流程 38
3.3.1 現地測量 39
3.3.2邊坡數值地形模型建置 43
第四章 猴山岳實驗案例成果分析 54
4.1 精度檢核 54
4.2 根面積比(RAR)量測方法比較 62
第五章 結論與建議 70
參考文獻 72
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2012-08-25起公開