現在位置首頁 > 博碩士論文 > 詳目
論文中文名稱:FRP構件於緊急救災便橋應用之研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:A Study of the temporary bridge for emergency relief with FRP Components [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木與防災研究所
畢業學年度:100
出版年度:101
中文姓名:徐文娟
英文姓名:Wen-Chuan Hsu
研究生學號:99428023
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2012-07-10
論文頁數:89
指導教授中文名:李有豐
口試委員中文名:陳清泉;徐增興;邱佑宗;鄧文廣
中文關鍵詞:纖維強化高分子複合材料構件救災人行便橋救災車行便橋
英文關鍵詞:Fiber Reinforced Plastictemporary bridge
論文中文摘要:本論文係將纖維強化高分子(Fiber Reinforced Plastic, FRP)複合材料構件應用於緊急救災便橋,並依選址後之現地需求,進行FRP緊急救災人行便橋及FRP緊急救災車行便橋之評估與設計。藉由收集既有臨時救災便橋之資料,探討救災便橋之優缺點,並提出質量輕、強度高、耐候性佳且容易存放的FRP型式之緊急救災便橋。本論文所提出之緊急救災便橋,分別為人行便橋及車行便橋兩種,FRP緊急救災人行便橋係吊橋形式,分別由鋼纜、FRP橋面版、FRP棒及FRP構架組合而成。利用結構分析軟體SAP2000進行數值模擬,數值模型確認無誤後,則進行數種不同型式的力量加載,以模擬真實載重。將各型式數值模擬結果進行評估,並提出最佳型式之FRP緊急救災人行便橋。FRP救災車行便橋主要以FRP梁-版系統為上部結構,進行不同跨距的數值模擬。藉由現行公路橋梁設計規範進行設計。期望規劃出模組化之緊急救災車行便橋供緊急災害救助時使用。
論文英文摘要:This study presents Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP) composite components used in temporary bridge for emergency relief. There are some advantages of FRP, including light weight, high strength, weather resistance and easy storage, making FRP suitable for temporary bridge. There are two types of FRP temporary bridge in this study. First type is pedestrian bridge. Second type is vehicular bridge. The pedestrian bridge is suspension bridge made by the cable, FRP deck, FRP bar and FRP frame. Use SAP2000 to establish the numerical model. Load several different types of loads to simulate the real load and check the safety factor. Finally, make the FRP suspension bridge. The vehicular bridge use FRP beam-deck system as superstructure. Use SAP2000 to establish the numerical model. Establish the numerical model of different spans. The type of the load is according to the design of bridge code. Then check the safety factor. Finally, make the best type of FRP vehicular bridge.
論文目次:摘 要 i
英文摘要 iii
誌 謝 iv
目 錄 v
表目錄 ix
圖目錄 xi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 1
1.3 研究內容 2
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 既有緊急救災便橋致災因子之探討 4
2.1.1 既有便橋及便道致災因素之彙整 6
2.2 既有緊急救災便橋之資料收集 8
2.2.1 溪底便道 8
2.2.2 鋼便橋 11
2.3國內其它既有之救災方式 12
2.3.1 倍力橋 12
2.3.2 流籠 14
2.4既有便道、便橋及其它救災方式之比較 14
2.4.1 國內既有救災方式之比較 15
2.5 國內外既有FRP橋梁案例說明 17
2.5.1 FRP橋梁案例介紹 17
2.5.2 國外FRP橋梁相關研究之介紹 24
2.6 小結 27
第三章 臨時救災便橋相關材料之介紹 28
3.1 FRP材料物性與化性之介紹 28
3.1.1 FRP性質介紹 29
3.1.2 FRP材料力學性質介紹 30
3.2 臨時救災便橋相關材料介紹 33
3.2.1 鋼纜介紹 33
3.2.2 拋繩槍、扣環及C型夾介紹 35
3.2.3 FRP棒介紹 37
3.2.4 FRP梁介紹 37
3.2.5 FRP版介紹 38
3.2.6 FRP接合介紹 39
3.3 小結 40
第四章 FRP緊急救災人行便橋設計 42
4.1 FRP緊急救災人行便橋型式之介紹 43
4.2 FRP緊急救災人行便橋材料及斷面介紹 44
4.2.1 FRP橋面版之材料性質及斷面介紹 44
4.2.2 FRP固定架之斷面介紹 45
4.3 FRP緊急救災人行便橋分析 46
4.3.1 跨距10 m之FRP緊急救災人行便橋 47
4.3.2 跨距20 m之FRP緊急救災人行便橋 48
4.3.3 跨距30 m之FRP緊急救災人行便橋 50
4.4 FRP緊急救災人行便橋檢核 52
4.4.1 鋼纜安全因子檢核 53
4.4.2 固定架固定力之檢核 55
4.4.3 錨定力之檢核 56
4.4.4 FRP版之檢核 57
4.5 FRP緊急救災人行便橋施工步驟 58
4.6 小結 62
第五章 FRP緊急救災車行便橋設計 63
5.1 FRP緊急救災車行便橋之介紹 64
5.1.1 FRP緊急救災車行便橋設計條件 65
5.2 FRP緊急救災車行便橋材料及斷面介紹 66
5.2.1 FRP橋面版之材料性質及斷面介紹 66
5.2.2 FRP梁之材料性質及斷面介紹 67
5.3 FRP緊急救災車行便橋分析 68
5.3.1 跨距12 m之FRP緊急救災車行便橋 70
5.3.2 跨距13 m之FRP緊急救災車行便橋 71
5.3.3 跨距14 m之FRP緊急救災車行便橋 72
5.3.4 跨距15 m之FRP緊急救災車行便橋 72
5.3.5 小結 72
5.4 FRP緊急救災車行便橋強度檢核 74
5.4.1 加載分析結果 75
5.4.2 剪應力之檢核 75
5.4.3 彎矩應力檢核 76
5.4.4 支承端之檢核 77
5.4.5 小結 79
5.5 FRP緊急救災車行便橋施工步驟 79
5.6 小結 82
第六章 結論 83
6.1 結論 83
參考文獻 86
論文參考文獻:[1] Ahmad, S. H. and Plecnik, J. M.(1989), "Transfer of Composite Technology to Design and Construction of Bridges," U.S. DOT Report
[2] Bank, L. C.(2006), Composites for Construction Structural Design with FRP Materials, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey
[3] Burgoyne, C. J. and Head, P. R. (1993). "Aberfeldy Bridge-an Advanced textile Reinforced Footbridge." Techtextil Syposium, No. 418, pp.1-9.
[4] Bakeri, B. and Sunder, S. S.(1990), "Concepts for Hybrid FRP Bridge Deck System," Proceedings of the First Materials Engineering Congress, ASCE, Denver, Colorado, August 13-15, Vol. 2, pp. 1006-1014.
[5] Czaderski, C. and Rabinovitch, O.(2010), "Structural behavior and inter-layer displacements in CFRP plated steel beams – Optical measurements, analysis, and comparative verification," Composites: Part B, Vol. 41, pp. 276–286
[6] Deng, J., Lee, M. K. and Li, S.(2010), "Flexural strength of steel–concrete composite beams reinforced with a prestressed CFRP plate, " Construction and Building Materials.
[7] GangaRao, H. V. S., Zeiina, T.R., Ward, R. and Howser, V.(1987), "The Development of Economical Low-Volume Road Bridges," U.S. DOT Report
[8] Hejll, A., Täljsten, B. R. and Motavalli, M. (2005). “Large Scale Hybrid FRP Composite Girders for Use in Bridge Structures-Theory, Test and Field Application.” Composites Part B, No. 36, pp. 573-585.
[9] Hai, N. D., Mutsuyoshi, H., Asamoto, S. and Matsui, T. (2010). “Structural Behavior of Hybrid FRP Composite I-Beam.” Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 24, pp. 956-969.
[10] Kim G.T., Kim K.T., Lee D.H., Han C.H., Kim H.B. and Jun J.T.(2010), " Development of a life cycle cost estimate system for structures of light rail transit infrastructure," Automation in Construction, Vol. 19, pp. 308–325
[11] Kim, H. Y. and Lee, S. Y.(2012), "A steel-reinforced hybrid GFRP deck panel for temporary bridges," Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 34, pp.92–200
[12] Kim N.I.(2010), "Dynamic stability behavior of damped laminated beam subjected to uniformly distributed subtangential forces," Composite Structures, Vol. 92, pp. 2768–2780
[13] Lombardi, N. J. and Liu, J. (2011), "Glass fiber-reinforced polymer/steel hybrid honeycomb sandwich concept for bridge deck applications," Composite Structures, Vol. 93, pp. 1275-1283.
[14] Leo, B. (2009), Design of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer (FRP) Bridge, University of New South Wales, Australian.
[15] Mendes, P. J. D., Barros J.A.O., Sena-Cruz J.M. and Taheri M.(2011), "Development of a pedestrian bridge with GFRP profiles and fiber reinforced self-compacting concrete deck," Composite Structures, Vol. 93, pp. 2969–2982
[16] Neely Jr. W. D.(2000), Evaluation of the In-Service Performance of the Tom’s Creek Bridge, Master of Science in Civil Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
[17] Plecnik, J. M. and Azar, W. A.(1991), "Structural Components, Highway Bridge Deck Applications, " International Encyclopedia of Composites, Lee I. and Stuart M., Vol. 6, pp. 430-445.
[18] Qiao, P., Davalos, J. F. and Brown, B.(2000), "A Systematic Analysis and Design Approach for Single-Span FRP Deck / Stringer Bridges," Composites:Part B, Vol. 31, pp. 593-609.
[19] Neto, A. B. S. and Rovere, H. L. L.(2010), "Composite concrete/GFRP slabs for footbridge deck systems," Composite Structures, Vol. 92, pp. 2554–2564
[20] Senne J. L.(2000), Fatigue Life of Hybrid FRP Composite Beams, Master of Science in Civil Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
[21] Springolo M.(2010), New fibre-reinforced polymer box beam: investigation of static behaviour, Master of Science in Civil Engineering, University of Southern Queensland
[22] Seible, F., Karbhari, V. M. and R. Burgueno. (1999). “King’s Stormwater Channel and I-5/Gilman Bridge, USA.” Structural Engineering International, Vol. 9, No. 4, pp. 250-253.
[23] Schumacher, A. and Herwig, A. (2010). “Design of FRP-Profiles and All-FRP-Structures,” Fiber Composites.
[24] Temeles, A. B.(2001), Field and Laboratory Tests of a Proposed Bridge Deck Panel Fabricated from Pultruded Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Components, Master of Science in Civil Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University
[25] Zou B., Chen A., Davalos J.F. and Salim H.A. (2011) "Evaluation of effective flange width by shear lag model for orthotropic FRP bridge decks," Composite Structures, Vol. 93, pp. 474–482
[26] 中華民國國家標準(Chinese National Standard, CNS) 941,G3011,經濟部中央標準局。
[27] 日本土木學會,FRP橋梁-技術とその展望,日本土木學會,2004。
[28] 甘淑婷,混編纖維複合梁構件之三點抗彎實驗及力學行為探討,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學土木與防災技術研究所,2011。
[29] 交通部,重要橋梁搶修及臨時橋梁施工技術手冊,交通部秘書室,2004
[30] 交通部技術標準規範公路類公路工程部,公路橋梁設計規範,幼獅文化事業公司,1987。
[31] 李有豐,鋼筋混凝土構造之鋼纜修復補強施工法,專利,2004
[32] 李有豐,FRP橋版系統,專利,2011
[33] 吳嘉濠,FRP橋面版構件於三點抗彎實驗與有限元素分析之研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學土木與防災技術研究所,2011。
[34] 余忠政,FRP構件物理及化學結合剪力強度之研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學土木與防災技術研究所,2011。
[35] 沈旺樹,災後臨時便道工法與替代道路經濟效益評估模式之研究,碩士論文,國立臺灣科技大學營建工程所,2005。
[36] 馬振基,高分子複合材料,正中書局,1995。
[37] 洪明中,CFRP棒應用於高強度混凝土梁之力學行為探討與耐久性之研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學土木與防災技術研究所,2008。
[38] 許明發、郭文雄,複合材料,高立圖書有限公司,2004。
[39] 陳錫勳,鋼纜線圍束柱體修復補強之可行性研究,碩士論文,國立臺北科技大學土木與防災技術研究所,2002。
[40] http://www.thbtwo.gov.tw/web/index.html
[41] http://www.tiscnet.org.tw/document/tisc_241.pdf
[42] http://blog.roodo.com/roshan/archives/6008525.html
[43] http://earthk2008.blogspot.com/2009/08/blog-post_7804.html
[44] http://www.bceo.org/technology.html
[45] http://www.bphod.com/2009/09/siuslaw-river-bridge.html
[46] http://www.martinmarietta.com/Products/bridge.asp?ID=13
[47] http://en.structurae.de/structures/data/index.cfm?id=s0002215
[48] http://en.structurae.de/structures/data/index.cfm?id=s0002215
[49] http://ec.europa.eu/research/science-society/science-communication/images/assetbridge.jpg
[50] http://www.lightweight-structures.com/index.php?option=com_contnt&task=view&id=32
[51] http://www.stockphotos.ro/miyun.html
[52] http://www.tw.ttnet.net/ttnet/gotoprd/SG307/000/0/94254303033353631353.htm
[53] http://www.bldc.tw/wr/show_p11.htm
[54] http://wangzi.com.tw/11/carabiner.html
[55] http://www.oo.com.tw/product/pro_show.aspx?shop=yuehsheng&num=22&kind2=8
論文全文使用權限:不同意授權