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論文中文名稱:影像模擬地下水位分析之研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Underground Water Table Analysis Using Image Simulation [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:土木與防災研究所
畢業學年度:100
出版年度:101
中文姓名:蔡盛宇
英文姓名:Sheng-Yu Tsai
研究生學號:99428037
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2012-07-09
論文頁數:118
指導教授中文名:陳水龍
指導教授英文名:Shong-Loong Chen
口試委員中文名:李焜發;魏敏樺
口試委員英文名:Kuan-Fa Lee;Meen-Wah Gui
中文關鍵詞:透地雷達非破壞性檢測地下水MATLABFDTD
英文關鍵詞:Ground-penetrating RadarNondestructive SurveyingGroundwaterMATLABFDTD
論文中文摘要:地下水偵測傳統上都屬於破壞性檢測(Destructive Surveying),如:淺層震測、地電、大地電磁、監測井、鑽孔、開挖等,是相當耗費人力和成本。地下水位亦可使用非破壞性方法(Nondestructive Surveying)檢測,如:耦合性地電阻法和透地雷達。本研究即使用透地雷達對於地下水位進行檢測,在施測後圖像判斷精確度因判圖人員之經驗有所誤差。因此,有必要發展一方法來提升偵測技術和提高準確性和精確度。
本研究蒐集研究地區地質剖面資料,使用Matlab工具軟體,自行撰寫程式進行FDTD模擬透地雷達剖面過程和結果。將Matlab模擬結果和地質剖面、透地雷達施測結果相互比對,以增加圖像判斷精確度和數值模擬可信度。
論文英文摘要:Destructive surveying techniques were traditionally adopted for groundwater detection, such as shallow seismic, electric resistivity, magnetotelluric measurement, monitoring wells, boreholes or excavation, each of which demands manpower and costs. Nondestructive surveying can be used for groundwater table determination; for example, coupled electric resistivity method and ground-penetrating radar. In this study, ground-penetrating radar was selected to survey the groundwater table. The accuracy of identifying the images obtained after the measurement varied between image readers due to the difference in their experience. As a result, it is necessary to develop a way to improve both the surveying technique and accuracy.
The geological profile data was collected for the area of study. Matlab was used to develop a program for FDTD simulation of process and results of the electromagnetic wave transmission during the measurement using ground-penetrating radar. The Matlab simulation results were compared with the geologic profiles and ground-penetrating radar measurements to increase the accuracy of image interpretation and credibility of numeric simulation.
論文目次:中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌 謝 iv
目 錄 v
表 目 錄 viii
圖 目 錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 1
1.3 研究案例場地介紹 2
1.3.1東勢林場案例 2
1.3.2台北科技大學校園工地案例 5
1.4 研究範圍與內容 6
第二章 文獻回顧 7
2.1 透地雷達發展史 7
2.2地下水檢測相關文獻 12
2.3 透地雷達於地下水檢測之應用 14
2.4 MATLAB模擬之相關研究文獻 14
第三章 透地雷達施測及MATLAB模擬之原理 17
3.1透地雷達基本理論 17
3.2 介質特性影響因素 18
3.3施測參數設定 24
3.3.1 現地資訊收集與勘察 24
3.3.2 儀器參數設定 25
3.3.3 拖曳速度及穩定度 28
3.4 透地雷達資料處理與圖像判釋 29
3.4.1 資料處理 29
3.4.2 圖像判釋 34
3.5 透地雷達現地施測流程 37
3.6 MATLAB模擬原理 40
3.6.1 MATLAB軟體之簡介 40
3.6.2 MATLAB模擬理論 40
3.6.2.1波傳理論 40
3.6.2.2時域有限差分法(FDTD)簡介 42
3.6.2.3 Yee 的FDTD 演算法 43
3.6.2.4完全匹配層(PML:Perfect Matching Layer)吸收邊界 47
3.6.2.5 PML 介質內FDTD 修正 52
3.6.3 MATLAB模擬GPR流程 54
第四章 案例分析與結果 57
4.1東勢林場案例 57
4.1.1現地資料蒐集 57
4.1.2測線規劃 59
4.1.3透地雷達共深點(CDP)施測原理 60
4.1.4 分析結果與圖像解釋 60
4.1.5 Matlab模擬分析 77
4.1.5.1 土層參數蒐集 77
4.1.5.2 現地模型製作 79
4.1.5.3 程式設定及模擬過程 80
4.1.5.4模擬結果與比對 83
4.2台北科技大學校園工地案例 84
4.2.1現地資料蒐集 84
4.2.2測線規劃 84
4.2.3分析結果與圖像解釋 86
4.2.4 Matlab模擬分析 99
4.2.4.1 土層參數蒐集 99
4.2.4.2 現地模型製作 101
4.2.4.3 程式設定及模擬過程 101
4.2.4.4模擬結果與比對 105
4.2.5 兩案例之土層參數比對 106
第五章 結論與建議 108
5.1結論 108
5.2建議 108
參考文獻 110
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