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論文中文名稱:男女演講者於公開演說中語言標記詞使用上之差異:以TED演講為例 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Gender differences in the use of discourse markers in public speaking: An analysis of TED Talks [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:人文與社會科學學院
系所名稱:應用英文系碩士班
畢業學年度:105
畢業學期:第一學期
出版年度:106
中文姓名:吳孟珊
英文姓名:Wu Meng-Shan
研究生學號:103548009
學位類別:碩士
論文頁數:70
指導教授中文名:洪媽益
指導教授英文名:Michael Tanangkingsing
口試委員中文名:龔書萍;林彥良
中文關鍵詞:語言與性別話語標記詞口頭語公開演說
英文關鍵詞:language and genderdiscourse markerspoken languagepublic speaking
論文中文摘要:語言與性別一直以來都為社會語言學領域經常探討之議題。本研究著重的面向為-話語標記詞 (Discourse Marker)。為了在語言與性別的議題上得到更深層的認識,此篇論文將針對男性與女性在公開演說中語言標記詞使用上的差別做進一步的了解。
  本研究的語料來源為TED演講 (TED Talks)。藉由邀請各個領域的傑出男女專業人士來分享講座,TED大會是一個旨在傳達優秀思想和偉大理念的全球性非營利組織。為了檢視以及比較男女演講者在公開場合發表演說時話語標記詞運用上的差異性,本研究將從TED的演講視頻中,篩選出二十個相同主題以及相同時間長度的男女演講來做為性別之於語言使用的深入探討研究方向。
根據本研究指出,男女演講者在話語標記詞使用上的差異性可歸類出以下幾點: 1. 男性與女性演講者在structural話語標記詞使用的意義與功能上未呈現出顯著差異。話語標記詞的使用與演講的正式度有一定程度的關連性。2. 男性與女性演講者在cognitive話語標記詞的使用上未顯示太大差異。正式場合中,話語標記詞的使用可能受限制。3. 男性與女性演講者在referential話語標記詞的使用上未呈現明顯差別。話語標記詞使用有可能受演講者的事前準備與擬稿作業的影響。4. 男性與女性演講者在interpersonal話語標記詞的使用上未顯示太大差異。演講的時間限制可能影響話語標記詞的使用。
論文英文摘要:Language and gender has long been a heated topic in the field of sociolinguistics. To gain a better understanding on the relationship between language and gender, the research interest of the study is to further examine the differences in the ways men and women use language in public speaking. The thesis will pay special attention to a spoken language feature - discourse markers. The investigation is about the different use of discourse markers between male and female speeches during public speaking. How a variety of discourse markers are employed in the speeches will be examined to see how and why male and female speakers use discourse markers differently in public speaking.
Twenty chosen TED speeches with the same topic (creativity topic) and same time duration (17-19 minutes) were divided into speeches by male speakers and speeches by female speakers for the purpose of observing and analyzing the differences in language use between genders.
The results suggested: 1. Structural discourse markers show not much difference between genders in terms of frequency and function. Discourse marker usage might be affected by the formality of the speech. 2. There is not much gender difference in cognitive discourse markers. Because of the characteristics of formal speaking platform, discourse marker usage might be limited. 3. For referential discourse markers, not much difference was found, which can be affected by the nature of scripted talk in TED. 4. Interpersonal discourse markers show little difference between genders. Time regulation on the speeches might account for the discourse marker usage.
論文目次:摘要 i
ABSTRACT iii
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS v
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1
Chapter 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 5
2-1 Introduction 5
2-2 Discourse markers 6
2-3 Language and Gender 18
2-4 Public speaking 25
Chapter 3 METHODOLOGY 29
3-1 Data Source 29
3-2 Data Collection 31
3-3 Data analysis 35
Chapter 4 DISCUSSIONS 37
4-1 Structural function 39
4-2 Cognitive function 46
4-3 Referential function 52
4-4 Interpersonal function 55
Chapter 5 CONCLUSION 61
REFERENCES 63
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