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論文中文名稱:物聯技術結合電動車智能空調製作與性能分析 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Making the Intelligent Air-condition in Electric Car Integrated with Internet of Things Technique and its Performance Analysis [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:機電學院
系所名稱:製造科技研究所
畢業學年度:104
畢業學期:第二學期
中文姓名:蕭亦証
英文姓名:Yi-Zheng Xiao
研究生學號:103568063
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2016/07/26
指導教授中文名:丁振卿
口試委員中文名:丁振卿;呂志誠;楊台發
中文關鍵詞:物聯網、 智能空調、致冷晶片
英文關鍵詞:Internet of Things, Intelligent Air-condition, TEC
論文中文摘要:本論文係以致冷晶片製冷,取代傳統壓縮機之空調裝置,再與物聯網技術進行結合,建立一套電動車智能空調裝置。
其中,分別使用主、被動式散熱設計進行致冷晶片之熱端散熱研究,
主動式散熱裝置分別使用三種不同自行設計及製作之冷卻水頭進行設置,
而被動式散熱裝置是利用熱管,可將熱量導離元件的原理進行設計,實驗中分別使用3及4支熱管進行測試及比較。
實驗結果顯示,主動式比被動式散熱之效果更好,其中,以冷卻水與致冷晶片直接接觸之冷卻水頭散熱效果最佳,
在水溫設定28°C及致冷晶片無負載的情況下,僅需使用2.83安培的電流,即可將致冷晶片冷端面降至-30°C,
本論文使用此種冷卻水頭搭配自行設計及製作之冷端鰭片,透過強制對流散熱之設計,完成車內空調之應用。
再利用Microchip及LinkIt
ONE建立一套智慧監控系統,此系統可以偵測空間溫度後自動調整適當之空調溫度及風速,並將資料上傳至MCS雲端裝置,
最後利用行動裝置版本之MCS進行遠端控制及數據紀錄,讓使用者能更加方便及輕鬆的操作此裝置,以達到智能空調之目的。
論文英文摘要:This article used the thermoelectric cooler(TEC) for
refrigeration to replace the traditional air-conditioning with
compressor. Moreover, adding the internet of things(IOT) technique
to build the smart air-conditioning in electric car, where the
applied cooling devices are active and passive respectively. The
active cooling apparatuses were designed and fabricated with three
different and four heat pipes for testing and comparing
respectively. the results show that the active cooling apparatuses
are batter than the passive and the active form of cooling water
and TEC with direct contact has the best cooling efficiency, which
can reach -30°C driver by 2.83 A current with the cooling
water temperature of 28°C. This work used the best cooling
apparatus integrated with cooling fin to build the
air-conditioning in car. Moreover, using Microchip and LinkIt ONE
to build the intelligent monitoring system which can automatically
detect the environmental temperature and wind speed of
air-conditioning. The recorded data are automatically loaded to
MCS cloud server and the user can conveniently and easily operate
through the mobile app to achieve the purpose of the intelligent
air-conditioning.
論文目次:摘要...............i
摘要...............i
誌謝...............ii
目錄...............iv
表目錄...............vi
圖目錄...............vii
第一章 緒論...............1
1.1 研究背景...............1
1.2文獻回顧...............6
1.3研究動機與目的...............8
第二章 基礎理論...............9
2.1空調理論...............9
2.1.1 傳統車用空調...............9
2.1.2 電動車空調...............9
2.2 熱電效應...............11
2.2.1 席貝克效應...............11
2.2.2 帕爾帖效應...............12
2.3 致冷晶片...............14
2.3.1 致冷晶片內部結構...............14
2.3.2 ZT值...............16
2.4 熱管...............16
2.5 水冷散熱裝置...............17
2.6 空調之效率...............18
2.7 控制系統...............19
2.7.1 單晶片...............19
2.7.2 LinkIt ONE...............20
2.8 脈波寬度調變原理...............22
第三章 實驗架設 ...............24
3.1 被動式散熱裝置架設...............24
3.1.1 機構設計...............25
3.1.2 散熱效果測試...............27
3.2 主動式散熱裝置架設...............28
3.2.1 機構設計...............28
3.2.1.1 冷卻水頭...............30
3.2.1.1 冷端鰭片...............37
3.2.2 散熱效果測試...............39
3.3 空調裝置製作與性能測試...............40
3.3.1 空調裝置製作...............40
3.3.2 冷卻效率測試...............42
3.4 熱量分布量測...............43
3.5 監測與控制系統...............44
3.5.1 自動調整溫度及風量控制...............45
3.6 物聯網系統...............47
3.6.1 雲段資料管理...............48
3.6.2 行動應用程式...............48
第四章 結果與討論...............50
4.1 空調裝置之技術探討...............50
4.1.1 被動式散熱裝置分析...............50
4.1.2 主動式散熱裝置分析...............53
4.1.3 主、被動式散熱比較...............59
4.1.4 最終之空調裝置冷卻效率分析...............60
4.2 空調控制之技術探討...............65
4.3 物聯網之技術探討...............68
4.3.1 數據資料分析...............70
4.3.2 行動應用程式實測...............72
第五章 結論...............75
第六章 未來展望...............77
參考文獻...............78
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