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論文中文名稱:稀貴資源-鉑物質流分析之研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:A Study of Material Flow Analysis of Rare Precious Resource- A case study of Platinum [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:環境工程與管理研究所
畢業學年度:104
畢業學期:第二學期
出版年度:105
中文姓名:黃光偉
英文姓名:Kuang-Wei Huang
研究生學號:103608022
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2016/06/03
指導教授中文名:張添晉
指導教授英文名:Tien-Chin Chang
口試委員中文名:吉塚和治;游勝傑;王立邦
口試委員英文名:Kazuharu Yoshizuka;Shen-Jie You;Li-Pang Wang
中文關鍵詞:稀貴資源、鉑、物質流分析、觸媒轉化器
英文關鍵詞:Rare precious resource, Platinum, Material flow, Catalytic converter
論文中文摘要:鉑是現代工業中不可或缺的礦產,廣泛用於汽車觸媒轉換器、電子元件、化工催化劑等領域,美國、歐盟、英國等發達國家都將其作為戰略性礦產,目前還沒有任何一項金屬能像鉑金屬一樣,在經濟與科技兩方面都具有優越的雙重功能。若能調查廢金屬製品產業所需關鍵原料鉑(Pt)物質流佈,將有助於政府制定戰略儲備制度以及資源化業者進行判定稀貴資源回收處理之順序與優劣。
本研究採用文獻分析法及物質流分析為方法。透過財政部關稅總局系統、經濟部工業局及電洽諮詢廠商等依據,針對臺灣鉑金屬製品之稀貴資源鉑(Pt)進行物質流佈推估,本研究透過物質流得知,2014年臺灣稀貴資源鉑(Pt)之進口量為12,932 Kg,出口量為9,664 Kg,經濟體內總製造量為8,611 Kg,廢棄量為2,120 Kg,回收量為908 Kg,廢棄物境外處理量為881 Kg,及逆向回收量為171 Kg。若能將881 Kg境外處理量全回收約可創造3,000萬美元價值。目前鉑回收技術仍有技術精進空間,未來應減少出口比例,使稀貴資源能留在臺灣產業循環再利用。
論文英文摘要:Platinum is integral minerals in modern industrial.Widely used in automotive catalytic converters, jewelry, electronic components and chemical catalysts field. United States, European Union, Britain and other developed countries, as the platinum as a strategic mineral. Unfortunately no one metal can be like platinum, in terms of both economic and technological superior dual function. If the material flow and recycling value of wasted Platinum (Pt) material for metal products industry could be deeply investigated, which would have benefits for governments to plan strategic stock system and also for recycling industry to determine the priority of recycling rare precious resource.
The perspectives of this study are from literatures analysis and material flow analysis, through results from literature collection, Environmental Protection Administration, Executive Yuan, inquiry system of Directorate General of Customs, Ministry of Finance and Industrial Development Bureau, Ministry of Economic Affairs, the material flow of rare precious resource for metal products industry in Taiwan such as Platinum (Pt) had been investigated and assessed in this study.
According to the material flow, it is learnt that the total importing quantity of Platinum (Pt) in Taiwan is 12,932 kilogram, and the total exporting quantity is 9,664 kilogram, total manufacturing quantity is 8,611 kilogram, the total quantity of waste is 2,120 kilogram, the total quantity of recover is 908 kilogram, the total amount of overseas processing is 881 kilogram, as for the total quantity for reusing is 171 kilogram , if the overall 881 kilogram of overseas processing could be recovered, the production value of Platinum (Pt) can be achieved to 30 million US dollars. Currently platinum metal recovery technology is still sophisticated space, and the future should be to reduce the proportion of exports, prompting rare precious resources to stay in Taiwan's industrial recycling.
論文目次:摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 x
第一章 前言 1
1.1研究緣起 1
1.2研究目的 2
1.3研究流程及範疇 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1全球稀貴資源剖析 5
2.1.1稀貴資源之範疇界定 5
2.1.2稀貴資源之分佈 9
2.1.3 稀貴資源進出口與應用分析 11
2.2稀貴資源鉑之現況探討 17
2.2.1 鉑之基本特性 18
2.2.2 稀貴資源鉑歷史需求趨勢分析 20
2.2.3鉑之回收技術剖析 24
2.3含鉑產品之應用探討 27
2.3.1汽車觸媒轉化器 27
2.3.2鉑族金屬催化網 30
2.3.3化工催化劑 32
2.4物質流分析理論基礎探討 34
2.4.1 物質流分析定義及分類 34
2.4.2 物質流分析演進 41
2.4.3 國內外相關應用研究 42
第三章 研究方法 47
3.1研究內容及流程 47
3.2物質流分析架構與步驟 48
3.2.1物質流分析方法論 48
3.2.2物質流分析資料蒐集及模式建構 51
第四章 結果與討論 54
4.1臺灣稀貴資源循環產業發展策略 54
4.1.1產業競爭力分析 54
4.1.2產業面臨之問題 60
4.1.3產業未來發展策略 62
4.2稀貴資源鉑金屬產品之研析 64
4.2.1各階段產品含鉑重量比率 64
4.2.2含鉑產品進出口量研析 66
4.2.3含鉑產品製造量研析 69
4.2.4 含鉑產品廢棄量研析 70
4.2.5含鉑產品逆向回收研析 71
4.3稀貴鉑金屬流佈分析 71
4.3.1鉑金屬物質流數據分析 72
4.3.2鉑金屬相關業務廠商分析 75
4.3.3 鉑金屬流佈分析 77
4.4稀貴資源管理策略之新思維 79
4.4.1各國管理比較 79
4.4.2物料循環配套措施 85
4.4.3建立稀貴金屬回收發展策略 87
第五章 結論與建議 89
5.1結論 89
5.2建議 90
參考文獻 91
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