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論文中文名稱:語音轉移:以宜蘭腔為例 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Phonological Change in Taiwanese Southern Min: A Sociolinguistic Investigation of /uinn/ in I-lan County [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:人文與社會科學學院
系所名稱:應用英文系碩士班
畢業學年度:104
畢業學期:第二學期
出版年度:104
中文姓名:李奎皓
英文姓名:Kuei-Hao Li
研究生學號:103548019
學位類別:碩士
語文別:英文
口試日期:2016/05/20
指導教授中文名:洪媽益
指導教授英文名:Michael Tanakingsing
口試委員中文名:陳惠如;黃瓊瑩
中文關鍵詞:宜蘭腔韻母/uinn/、社會因素、年齡、性別
英文關鍵詞:I-lan variety /uinn/, social factors: age and gender
論文中文摘要:宜蘭縣蘭陽平原的漳州腔為台灣閩南語特有語音的特色之一。有關於宜蘭腔的研究,過去的研究發現宜蘭腔中的韻母/uinn/有轉移成一般通行腔/ng/的現象(林秋宜,2002;簡佳敏,2005)。然而,除了研究年代較為久遠,環境因素較為單純之外,在量化歸納宜蘭方言語音改變之研究仍舊缺乏。因此本研究于2016年3月底調查採圖片認知導向測驗與問卷調查宜蘭縣民對/uinn/詞彙認知研究方法,以量化的方式調查宜蘭縣民對於/uinn/的語音使用,並將年齡、性別列為重要之可能改變語音的社會因素。本研究採宜蘭腔其中之一小範圍,僅探討宜蘭腔的語音-/uinn/ (如:「飯」、「軟」、「卵」、「酸」之韻母) ,以社會語言學方法之調查研究此一語音轉移,瞭解宜蘭腔的消長,並預測/uinn/此一語音特色的未來可能發展方向。研究結論發現年齡為改變語音改變的重要社會因素。透過此一調查除了使宜蘭語言、方言的消長更透明化之外,也期望對台灣閩南語之語言保存與振興有所貢獻。
論文英文摘要:ZhangZhou variation in Lan-yang Plain (蘭陽平原 )of I-lan County is one of the special features in Taiwanese Southern Min. It’s common to hear people say cia puinn phue lo nuinn 吃飯配滷蛋 ‘eat rice with marinated eggs’ a phrase full of the /uinn/ sound in the Ilan variety in I-lan. I-lan variety, descended from the Zhangzhou dialect is featured by /uinn/ corresponding to /ng/ in other places of Taiwan. Under the influence of the Quanzhou dialect, /ng/ has gradually invaded the /uinn/ system (Lin, 2002).
The language/dialect contact has become more frequent. Previous studies have suggested that I-lan variety /uinn/ is transferred to /ng/ sound (Lin, 2002; Chien, 2005). However, it was done ten years ago; language contact was not as frequent as recent years and still lacked statistical figures of I-lan variety /uinn/ in more samples. Therefore, this study investigated the preservation rate of /uinn/ in I-lan variety of 80 informants in four groups, divided into age and gender in 2016. Two tasks were employed to examine the /uinn/ use in the study. Results have shown that age plays an important role in phonetic changes in the four studied groups.
論文目次:ENGLISH ABSTRACT i
CHINESE ABSTRACT iii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
List of Tables vii
Lists of Figures viii
Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Phonetic features of /uinn/ in I-lan variety 2
1.2 Purpose of the Study and Research Questions 3
Chapter 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 5
2.1 Previous studies on I-lan variety 5
2.1.1 Age 6
2.1.2 Gender 10
2.1.3 Occupation and education level 14
2.2 Summary 16
Chapter 3 METHODOLOGY 18
3.1 Previous study done by Lin (2002) 19
3.2 The Participants 20
3.3 Materials, Instruments and the Procedures 21
3.4 Data Analysis 26
Chapter 4 Results in Preservation Rate in /uinn/ on Task 1 And Task 2 Among I-lan Citizens 28
4.1 Task 1 29
4.1.1 Age in Task 1 35
4.1.2 Gender in Task 1 37
4.2 Results in the Task 2 38
4.2.1 Age in Task 2 42
4.2.2 Gender in Task 2 43
4.3 2016 v.s. 2002 44
4.3.1 Age 44
4.3.2 Gender 45
4.4 Social Variables and Word 45
4.4.1 Age/Gender and the /uinn/ sound 45
4.4.2 ANOVA model 48
Chapter 5 CONCLUSION 55
5.1 Summary of Findings 55
5.2 Limitations and Implications 57
5.3 Contribution of the study 57
5.4 Further studies 57
REFERENCES 59
APPENDIX 63
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