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論文中文名稱:廢家電傳統冷媒與環保冷媒回收與處理特性之研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:The Research of Recovery and Treatment Performance on Traditional and Environmental Refrigerant in Waste Home appliances [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:環境工程與管理研究所
畢業學年度:102
出版年度:103
中文姓名:彭國強
英文姓名:Kuo-Chiang Peng
研究生學號:101608003
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2014-06-20
論文頁數:97
指導教授中文名:張添晉
口試委員中文名:陳志恆;游勝傑
中文關鍵詞:家電冷媒環保冷媒回收率評估成效提升
英文關鍵詞:Appliance refrigerant RecoveryEnvironmental RefrigerantRecoveries AssessmentEnhance the Effectiveness of Recovery
論文中文摘要:我國內廢家電冷媒回收處理業者所收集之廢家電所充填冷媒多為CFCs型冷媒,若於回收、清除及處理過程未妥善處理而造成冷媒溢散於周遭環境,將導致大氣環境-臭氧層之消耗,最終危害人類;為妥善處理與管理廢家電付給冷媒與環保冷媒,本研究擬對國內13廠冷媒回收處理業者進行實地訪查,針對各廠冷媒回收設備使用情形及冷媒回收量進行瞭解,並將所收集之數據進行回收率推估,以評估我國廢家電冷媒回收情形;並將回收率與回收設備使用情形進行線性回歸分析,以瞭解兩者間之相關性。
回收率推估後之結果顯示,我國電冰箱及冷氣機壓縮機冷媒、電冰箱發泡冷媒之回收率平均值分別為36.6%、28.3%及51.9%,並將此與日本冷媒回收率成效進行分析,結果顯示,我國冷媒回收率雖高於法規所規範之數值,但均遠低於日本冷媒回收率;另線性迴歸分析結果顯示,壓縮機冷媒回收與設備操作人員之操作方式有著密切之相關性,而發泡冷媒與電冰箱破碎設備之密閉性有著密切之相關性,故本研究規劃改善上述項目之方法,期能提升我國廢家電冷媒回收率。
論文英文摘要:The refillable refrigerants processed by appliance refrigerant recovery industry inbound Taiwan are almost CFCs types which could possibly be spilled out to the surroundings if the recovery and recycle of them did not properly performed and result in consumption of ozone layer in atmosphere and also be harmful for human being eventually. Nonetheless, the quantity of HC-type environmental refrigerants are increasing year by year due to its application on so many appliances recently, and this kind of refrigerant possesses pyrophoric property which could lead to industrial security accidents if its recycle or recovery procedure is not performed appropriately.
Thus, this study aimed at implementation of assessment about recovery rate through field investigation against 13 refrigerant recovery factories in domestic arena, with comprehension of their refrigerants recovery quantity and usage status of their recovery equipment, according to the collected data, we could carry out assessment on recovery status of wasted appliances inside the country, thus, it could be compared with usage status of recovery equipment by linear regression analysis to understand correlation between each other.
The evaluation results showed that the recovery average of refrigerant from freezers, air conditioners and foamed refrigerant of freezers are 36.6%, 28.3% and 51.9% respectively. Although the recovery rate inside the country is higher than the specific values in legal regulations, however, it is still lower than those in Japan. On the other hand, the results from linear regression analysis showed that there is close correlation between refrigerant recovery and the operators’ manipulation and complete recovery of refrigerator oil as well. And there is also tight connection between foamed refrigerants and impermeability of grinders for freezers, therefore, this study aims at improvement of the methods above and hope to improve the recovery rate of wasted appliance refrigerants inside our country.
論文目次:摘 要 i
Abstract ii
誌 謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 viii
圖目錄 x
第一章 前言 1
1.1研究緣起 1
1.2研究目的 2
1.3研究流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1冷媒基本特性及危害 6
2.1.1冷媒基本特性 7
2.1.2冷媒發展歷程與危害性 8
2.2家電冷媒種類與回收方式 11
2.2.1家電冷媒運用項目 12
2.2.2家電冷媒運用現況 15
2.2.3家電冷媒回收方法 18
2.3 國際冷媒相關環保公約 25
2.3.1維也納保護臭氧層公約 25
2.3.2蒙特婁議定書 26
2.3.3京都議定書 28
2.4 國內外冷媒管理與管制現況 29
2.4.1歐盟 29
2.4.2日本 34
2.4.3國內 34
第三章 研究方法 37
3.1 冷媒回收業者選擇與規劃 37
3.1.1冷媒回收業者 37
3.1.2冷媒回收設備 38
3.1.3冷媒回收率評估方法 40
3.2 研究流程 41
第四章 結果與討論 44
4.1 冷媒回收處理廠作業環境風險分析 44
4.1.1家電冷媒回收處理現況 44
4.1.2壓縮機冷媒回收處理設備 46
4.1.3發泡冷媒回收處理設備 48
4.1.4環保冷媒回收處理風險防範 52
4.2 冷媒回收處理廠回收成效探討 60
4.2.1壓縮機冷媒回收成效探討 60
4.2.2發泡冷媒回收成效探討 64
4.2.3冷媒回收成效提升建議 71
4.3冷媒回收處理業者之冷媒回收現況與管理探討 75
4.3.1冷媒回收現況問題之探討 75
4.3.2冷媒回收管理方式之探討 77
4.4冷媒回收之綜合評析 81
4.4.1冷媒回收之現況評析 81
4.4.2冷媒回收處理之技術評析 81
4.4.3冷媒回收之管理政策評析 83
第五章 結論與建議 88
5.1 結論 88
5.2 建議 90
參考文獻 91
附錄 家電冷媒壓焓圖 96
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2016-07-04起公開