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論文中文名稱:利用人機互動設計進行工作模擬與改善分析-以焊件補焊去焊渣作業為例 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Applying Man-Machine Interface Design in Work Simulation and Workload Analysis – A Case Study of Welding and Sanding Task [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:管理學院
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系碩士班
畢業學年度:102
出版年度:103
中文姓名:陳乃維
英文姓名:Nai-Wei Chen
研究生學號:101378027
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2014-06-27
論文頁數:45
指導教授中文名:陳協慶
指導教授英文名:Hsieh-Ching Chen
口試委員中文名:梁曉帆;游志雲
口試委員英文名:Hsiao-Fan Liang;Chi-Yuang Yu
中文關鍵詞:蹲跪作業焊接作業EMG
英文關鍵詞:KneelingWeldingEMG
論文中文摘要:本研究針對工廠內焊接工人的不良姿勢進行研究,以人機互動設計模擬以蹲姿及立姿兩種姿勢進行焊件補焊去焊渣作業,提供改善前後之實際量化數據。研究使用Borg CR-10主觀量表與肌電圖、心電圖等客觀指標作為工作負荷之評估,分別評估15名受測者於蹲姿及立姿之作業負荷。實驗結果顯示立姿作業的平均心率及主觀負荷明顯低於蹲姿做業。但在立姿作業時兩側背直肌的EMG強度(50%ile:9.4 %MVC)皆明顯的低於蹲姿時的EMG強度(50%ile:12.2 %MVC),立姿進行去焊渣作業時雙手肱三頭肌的EMG強度(50%ile:5.7 %MVC)也顯著地低於蹲姿時的EMG強度(50%ile:9.1 %MVC)。然而,立姿時小腿腓腸肌因身體平衡需要,所以EMG強度反而高於蹲姿時的EMG強度,但平均強度僅高出約2 %MVC。
論文英文摘要:This study explores awkward posture effects on industrial welders by simulating welding and sanding casting parts in a kneeling and a standing posture. This laboratory study builds a human-machine interface and uses Borg CR-10 scale, electromyography (EMG), and electrocardiography (ECG) as subjective and objective indicators to quantify workload. The task workloads of 15 subjects using standing and kneeling postures were assessed and compared. Experimental results show significant lower heart rate and subjective workload in using standing posture than in using kneeling posture. While changing working posture from kneeling to standing, EMG intensities reduces significantly in bilateral erector spinae (50%ile; standing: 9.4 %MVC; kneeling: 12.2 %MVC) for both welding and sanding tasks. The EMG intensities in both side of triceps brachii are also significantly decreased in the sanding task (50%ile; standing: 5.7 %MVC; kneeling: 9.1 %MVC). However, standing posture has greater EMG intensity in bilateral gastrocnemius than kneeling posture, but the difference was only about 2 %MVC.
論文目次:摘 要 i
ABSTRACT ii
目 錄 iv
表目錄 v
圖目錄 vi
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機與目的 2
1.3 研究架構 3
第二章 文獻探討 4
2.1 蹲姿相關肌肉骨骼傷害 4
2.2 蹲跪姿勢作業相關研究 5
2.3 Borg CR-10主觀量表 6
第三章 研究方法 8
3.1 實驗對象 8
3.2 實驗設備 9
3.2.1 生理訊號量測 10
3.2.2 主觀負荷量度 12
3.2.3 KIM關鍵指標法 15
3.3 實驗設計 20
3.3.1 介面設計 20
3.3.2 實驗說明 21
3.4 實驗流程 24
3.5 資料處理與統計分析 26
第四章 研究結果 29
第五章 討論 36
參考文獻 40
附錄
  A 受測者同意書及基本資料 43
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2016-07-10起公開