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論文中文名稱:浴缸刷洗作業之作業負荷評估與探討 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Workload Assessment and Investigation of Bathtub Scrubbing [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:管理學院
系所名稱:工業工程與管理系碩士班
畢業學年度:102
出版年度:103
中文姓名:王淳賢
英文姓名:Chun-Hsien Wang
研究生學號:101378044
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2014-06-27
論文頁數:55
指導教授中文名:陳協慶
指導教授英文名:Hsieh-Ching Chen
口試委員中文名:梁曉帆;游志雲
口試委員英文名:Hsiao-Fan Liang;Chi-Yuang Yu
中文關鍵詞:旅館作業浴缸模擬肌電訊號
英文關鍵詞:BathtubKIMElectromyography
論文中文摘要:本研究以模擬方式探討刷洗浴缸的作業負荷,比較傳統短刷與長刷對作業負荷之影響,並探討主、客觀生理負荷與重點指標法(Key Indicator Method, KIM)之預測結果是否吻合。研究考量一般常見的浴缸樣式(長方形容器),將基本的浴缸清潔作業細分為(1)底部清潔(2)浴缸內(遠側)立面清潔(3)浴缸外(近側)立面清潔。實驗收集受測者作業中之核心肌群肌電圖(Electromyography, EMG)與心電圖,以及主觀之作業負荷(Borg CR-10)與身體部位不適程度。研究結果顯示刷洗浴缸是一項重體力的作業,受測者平均心搏率達112 ± 16 bpm,Borg CR-10等級為6 ± 1.3。相較於短刷,使用長刷雖可降低下肢因蹲跪所造成的不適,但對受測者之心率及主觀作業負荷並無顯著的改善,結果顯示使用長刷雖然可以改善工作姿勢,但在本研究所設定的高施力要求下,並不一定適合處理所有浴缸的刷洗作業。
論文英文摘要:This study applied simulation technique to explore workers’ workload of bathtub scrubbing tasks while using a short stick or a long stick brush. The physical workload predicted by using Key Indicator Method was validates by subjective and objective workload. This experimental study considers only common bathtub style with rectangular size. Basic bathtub cleaning task is divided into scrubbing subtasks of (1) bottom floor, (2) distal wall, and (3) proximal wall. Participants’ muscle activities, heart rate, and subjective workload (Borg CR-10) and body parts discomfort were collected in this study. The experimental results indicated that bathtub scrubbing is a heavy physical task. Subjects have an average heart rate of 112±16 bpm and a subjective Borg grade of 6±1.3 during the test. Compared to a short stick brush use, the lower extremities discomfort caused by squatting and kneeling can be significantly reduced by using a long stick brush. However, no significant brush type effect was found on subject's heart rate and subjective workload. The use of a long stick brush may improve subjects’ working postures in a bathtub scrubbing task; nevertheless, its use may not be the best for all scrubbing subtasks under high exertion conditions.
論文目次:摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
誌謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vi
圖目錄 vii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1研究背景 1
1.2研究動機與目的 2
第二章 文獻探討 4
2.1飯店業現況介紹 4
2.2房務人員肌肉骨骼傷害調查 5
2.3浴缸清洗相關研究 7
2.4肌肉骨骼危害評估方法 10
2.4.1關鍵指標法 10
第三章 研究方法 14
3.1研究對象 14
3.2實驗建置 15
3.3實驗流程 19
3.4資料處理與分析 30
3.4.1肌電訊號與心搏率訊號處理 30
3.4.2統計分析 32
第四章 研究結果 33
第五章 討論 40
5.1刷浴缸作業分析 40
5.2長柄刷效益分析 41
5.3實驗設計影響 45
第六章 結論 47
參考文獻 48
附錄
A 受測者同意書 54
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2016-07-10起公開