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論文中文名稱:紋影顯像技術之定量與定性分析 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Quantitative and Qualitative Analysis using Schlieren Technique [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:機電學院
系所名稱:製造科技研究所
畢業學年度:100
出版年度:101
中文姓名:洪有成
英文姓名:Yu-Cheng Hung
研究生學號:99568048
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2012-07-23
論文頁數:155
指導教授中文名:丁振卿
指導教授英文名:Chen-Ching Ting
口試委員中文名:洪祖全;楊台發
口試委員英文名:Tzu-Chen Hung;Tai-Fa Young
中文關鍵詞:Schlieren遮光率全尺寸彩色Schlieren背投影式光源
英文關鍵詞:SchlierenCutoff Grid RateFull-scale Color SchlierenBackground Oriented Full-scale Light Source
論文中文摘要:本論文主要在進行紋影顯像技術之定量與定性分析研究,工作項目包括:傳統黑白與彩色Schlieren之遮光率影響探討、噴嘴氣流與噪音研究、氣體洩漏偵測、全尺寸Schlieren技術開發、抽油煙機顯像、Schlieren結果定量探討。首先進行不同遮光率對傳統黑白與彩色Schlieren成像影響,得到遮光率90%有較佳的效果。在噴嘴部分,以不同機構加在噴嘴上,藉以破壞噴嘴所產生的塊狀流,進而降低噪音。實驗以環形細孔噴嘴,成功降低噪音值24.9dB,約26.0%。在氣體洩漏偵測部分,本論文所開發的彩色Schlieren可分辨最小溫差6℃,在管內通入瓦斯氣體進行洩漏偵測實驗中,最小洩漏孔徑∅27.5μm搭配洩漏壓力5torr及洩漏率0.011ml/sec可獲得極佳顯像。另外,在全尺寸Schlieren開發中,使用模組化背投影式光源取代反射式,研究不同Cutoff Grid對敏感度的影響,結果顯示,全尺寸黑白Schlieren使用60%及全尺寸彩色Schlieren使用60-70%的Cutoff Grid可獲得較佳成像品質,此技術可分辨最小溫差為8℃、最小洩漏孔徑∅100μm搭配洩漏壓力1torr及洩漏率0.08ml/sec。在抽油煙機顯像部分,利用直徑為4cm圓形孔、頂部搭配44個圓形孔、下方搭配55個圓形孔的抽油煙機設計有較佳的抽風換氣效果。最後,本研究進一步進行Schlieren結果的溫度定量探討,得到結果的誤差值約6.3-32%之間。
論文英文摘要:This article is the quantitative and qualitative analysis of Schlieren imaging including studies on shading percentage influence of knife edge for conventional black - white and color Schlieren, nozzle flow and noise, gas leakage detection, full-scale Schlieren development, flow visualization of the exhauster, and quantitative Schlieren. First, using different shading percentage knife edge for conventional black-white and color Schlieren imaging receives 90% is better. The other, adding different mechanisms on the nozzle to destroy the block flow can reduce the noise. This work uses the annular pore nozzle and reduces the noise of 24.9dB, ca. 26.0%. Another, the gas leakage detection using the LPG of pipe pressure 5 torr for gas leakage through aperture of ∅27.5μm diameter with leakage rate of 0.011 ml/sec receives the good flow visualization, where the applied color Schlieren can resolve the temperature different of 6℃. In addition, developing the full-scale Schlieren uses the modular background-oriented light source to replace the retroreflective light path and studies the influence of sensitivity by different cutoff grid. The results show that the black-white full-scale Schlieren with 60% shading percentage and the color full-scale Schlieren with 60-70% shading percentage have the better imaging quality. The developed full-scale Schlieren techniques can best resolve the temperature difference of 8℃, the leakage aperture of ∅100μm diameter and leakage rate of 0.08 ml/sec with pipe pressure of 1 torr. Moreover, the exhauster with round hole diameter of 4 cm, 44 holes on the top, and 55 holes on the bottom has the better ventilation. Finally, this study further quantitatively measures the temperature using the Schlieren and receives error of about 6.3-32%.
論文目次:摘要.................................................................................................................................... i ABSTRACT....................................................................................................................... iii 誌謝.................................................................................................................................... iv 目錄.................................................................................................................................... vii 表目錄................................................................................................................................ viii 圖目錄................................................................................................................................ xiii

第一章 緒論.................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 研究背景 .......................................................................................................... 1
1.2 文獻回顧 .......................................................................................................... 1
1.2.1 Schlieren ................................................................................................ 1
1.2.2 全尺寸Schlieren .................................................................................. 7
1.2.3 定量Schlieren ........................................................................................ 9
1.3 研究動機與目的 .............................................................................................. 10
第二章 基礎理論............................................................................................................ 12
2.1 傳統Schlieren ................................................................................................... 12
2.2 全尺寸Schlieren ............................................................................................ 15
2.2.1 Knife-Edge ............................................................................................ 16
2.3 定量Schlieren ................................................................................................... 17
2.3.1 溫度與折射率的關係 ........................................................................... 19
2.4 抽油煙機 .......................................................................................................... 19
2.4.1 洩漏率計算 ........................................................................................... 21
2.4.2 風量計算 ............................................................................................... 22
2.5 放電加工 .......................................................................................................... 23
第三章 實驗架設............................................................................................................ 24
3.1 傳統Schlieren架設 ........................................................................................... 24
3.1.1 LED燈源光譜選用 ............................................................................... 24
3.1.2 彩色Mask 設計 ..................................................................................... 24
3.1.3 平行光製作 ........................................................................................... 26


3.2 分散式消音噴嘴製作 ...................................................................................... 29
3.2.1 環形細孔設計 ....................................................................................... 29
3.2.2 螺旋氣流設計 ....................................................................................... 30
3.2.3 撓性物破壞壓縮波設計 ....................................................................... 30
3.2.4 噴嘴噪音量測 ....................................................................................... 33
3.3 氣體洩漏偵測 .................................................................................................. 33
3.3.1 彩色Schlieren架設 ................................................................................ 35
3.3.2 微細孔製作 ........................................................................................... 35
3.4 彩色全尺寸Schlieren架設 ............................................................................... 37
3.4.1 背光源架設 ........................................................................................... 37
3.4.2 模組化背光源架設 ............................................................................... 42
3.4.3 黑白光源光柵 ....................................................................................... 44
3.4.4 彩色光源光柵 ....................................................................................... 46
3.4.5 暗房 ....................................................................................................... 47
3.4.5.1 移動式防震光學桌 .................................................................. 49
3.4.5.2 鏡架 .......................................................................................... 50
3.4.5.3 Cutoff Grid ............................................................................... 50
3.4.5.4 成像架 ...................................................................................... 50
3.5 抽油煙機 .......................................................................................................... 53
3.5.1 不同膜片相同開孔率 ........................................................................... 54
3.5.2 抽油煙機噪音與風量量測 ................................................................... 54
3.5.3 皮托管製作 ........................................................................................... 56
3.6 定量Schlieren ................................................................................................... 59
第四章 結果與討論........................................................................................................ 61
4.1 傳統Schlieren ................................................................................................... 61
4.1.1 不同遮光率對傳統Schlieren成像品質影響 ........................................ 61
4.1.1.1 不同遮光率對黑白Schlieren成像品質影響........................... 61
4.1.1.2 不同遮光率對彩色Schlieren成像影響................................... 61
4.1.2 彩色Schlieren應用在微型噴嘴流場觀測 ............................................ 64
4.1.2.1 一般商用噴嘴氣流顯像與噪音 .............................................. 64
4.1.2.2 環形細孔噴嘴氣流顯像與噪音 .............................................. 65


4.1.2.3 螺旋氣流噴嘴氣流顯像與噪音 .............................................. 69
4.1.2.4 撓性物噴嘴氣流顯像與噪音 .................................................. 75
4.1.3 彩色Schlieren應用在微孔洩漏偵測 .................................................... 97
4.1.3.1 不同空氣溫度差散熱圖比較.................................................. 97
4.1.3.2 不同孔徑洩漏圖比較.............................................................. 106
4.2 全尺寸Schlieren ............................................................................................... 109
4.2.1 點燈源搭配不同光源光柵條紋寬度對黑白全尺寸Schlieren成像
影響 ....................................................................................................... 109
4.2.1.1 光源光柵條紋寬度25mm及10mm ......................................... 109
4.2.1.2 不同燈數之光源光柵 .............................................................. 113
4.2.1.3 不同遮光率對黑白全尺寸Schlieren成像影響....................... 113
4.2.2 片狀光源搭配不同光柵對全尺寸Schlieren成像影響 ........................ 113
4.2.2.1 不同遮光率對黑白全尺寸Schlieren成像影響....................... 117
4.2.2.2 不同遮光率對彩色全尺寸Schlieren成像影響....................... 123
4.2.3 彩色全尺寸Schlieren應用在抽油煙機之不同開孔形狀流場 ............ 133
4.2.3.1 無遮蔽開孔之換氣流場.......................................................... 133
4.2.3.2 遮蔽側邊進氣口之換氣流場.................................................. 133
4.2.3.3 遮蔽頂端進氣口之換氣流場.................................................. 133
4.2.4 彩色全尺寸Schlieren應用在最小溫差與微孔洩漏偵測 .................... 137
4.2.4.1 不同空氣溫度差圖比較.......................................................... 137
4.2.4.2 不同孔徑洩漏圖比較.............................................................. 137
4.3 定量Schlieren ................................................................................................... 139
第五章 結論.................................................................................................................... 145
第六章 未來展望............................................................................................................ 147
參考文獻............................................................................................................................ 155
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