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論文中文名稱:戴奧辛與汞污染場址整治之研究—以臺南市舊台鹼安順廠為例 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:A Study on the Soil Pollution Site of Dioxin and Mercury-Taking Tainan An-shuen Plant as an example [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:環境工程與管理研究所
出版年度:97
中文姓名:王禎
英文姓名:Jen Wang
研究生學號:93608502
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2008-07-29
論文頁數:74
指導教授中文名:張添晉
口試委員中文名:陳孝行;洪榮勳
中文關鍵詞:土壤污染戴奧辛安順廠整治策略
英文關鍵詞:Soil PollutionDioxinMercuryRemmediation
論文中文摘要:環境污染問題,從早期的水、廢棄物、空氣、毒化物後,土壤污染問題可算是起步較晚的污染議題,但是它所帶來的環境污染危害,絕不亞於其他,我國為了處理土壤污染問題,於2000年2月2日通過土壤及地下水污染整治法,促成台灣的土壤地下水污染問題處理邁向法治階段,而在母法與相關子法通過施行至今八年期間,陸續發現眾多土壤及地下水污染嚴重案例,並公告為污染整治場址,相對的,場址的整治規畫課題也就相形重要,整治工作的規劃要考慮的因素非常多,包括污染範圍、污染程度、污染物的種類、數量、整治技術的可行性選用、整治所需負擔的費用、以及整治時間與對環境的影響。
本論文研究將以針對受到戴奧辛及汞二種污染之場址為主軸,透過文獻蒐集,彙整國外處理相似污染之整治技術及成功之案例作為參考,並以台灣所發生最重大之戴奧辛與汞污染場址—臺南市著名的台鹼安順廠土壤污染場址為個案案例,蒐集該場址的相關污染調查結果與污染範圍與數量探討該場址整治規畫的技術可行性與規模,經研究討論結果:(1)混合污染物的處理,缺乏有效經驗,應擴大尋求國際協助。(2)龐大的場址整治經費甚鉅,無法以單一整治策略來處理,應可以合併清除處理方案、環境管理方案與封閉掩埋方式等三方案。(3) 場址的整治規劃將受到經費的限制級民意接受度的檢驗。本研究並建議:(1)整治工作進行前應優先確定土地再利用方式,以訂定整治目標。(2)整治工作應採分區分階段進行,以驗證整治成效與後續修正計畫。(3)應納入健康風險評估機制處理,以最務實的經費達成有效處理污染物的目的,並依不同區域訂定不同整治標準,以節省經費拓展地方回饋項目。(4) 安順場址的石灰污泥與營建廢棄物,於通過毒性溶出試驗後,是否可一般事業廢棄物處理,應優先確認,將可有效降低污染處理量。
論文英文摘要:As we consider the problem of environmental pollution, it begins with the early issues of water pollution, waste, air pollution, and toxic materials, while the problem of soil pollution can be reckoned as pollution issue that came at later date. However, the harm of environmental pollution it brings along is never less than others. In order to deal with the problem of soil pollution in our country, we have passed Soil and Groundwater Pollution Remediation Act on 2nd February of 2000. As such, it has facilitated the administration of problem regarding soil and groundwater pollution towards the stage of rule of law. And to this moment, it has already been eight yeas since the source law and its relevant subsidiary laws are passed and implemented, and we have subsequently discovered many serious cases about soil and groundwater pollution, which have been promulgated as the administration site against pollution. In view of it, the issue of site administration and planning has then become ever more important, while planning of administration works have to take many factors into consideration, including the scope of pollution, extent of pollution, kinds of pollutants, pollution amount, selection of feasibility of administration technology, expenses needed for administration, and the duration of administration time and impact on the environment.
This paper will mainly focus on the site dealing with two kinds of pollutants as dioxin and mercury, and it will, through collection of literatures, compile and organize administration technology and successful case dealing with similar pollution overseas as reference. Then, it will base on the most significant site of pollution found with dioxin and mercury in Taiwan– illustrated itself with the well-noted Tainan An-shuen Plant – to collect relevant investigation results, and scope of pollution and pollution amount from the site to explore the feasibility of technology and scale of the site for administration as planned and programmed. And the discussion results of the research are found as follows: (1) effective experience is found in short of in the administration of the mixed pollutants, and it is necessary that we should expand scale seeking for international assistance; (2) the administration expenses of the site is simply too huge, and it cannot be dealt with one single strategy. Therefore, the three respective measures as alternative of joint clearance, environmental management project, and closed burial should be employed; (3) the planning of site administration will be constrained by budgetary limit as well as the examination of acceptance from the general public. This study has also suggested: (1) before administration work, how land will be re-used should be prioritized so as to set down the objective of administration; (2) administration work should be carried by zone and by stage so as to corroborate the administration effect as well as subsequent modified project; (3) health risk evaluation mechanism should be embraced for management, while the most practical amount of budget be employed to achieve the objective of pollutant administration. Furthermore, administration criteria should be stipulated according to various zones so as to save expenses and expand items of feedback to local community; (4) when lime sludge and construction waster of An-shuen site are cleared of Toxic Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) Leaching Standards, we have to confirm if it can be prioritized as general business waste for administration so that it can effectively lower the amount of pollution administration.
論文目次:中文摘要 i
英文摘要 iii
誌 謝 v
目 錄 vi
表目錄 ix
圖目錄 x
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究內容 2
第二章 文獻回顧 3
2.1 國內現行相關法規 3
2.1.1土污法執行現況 3
2.1.2土污法基本理念 4
2.1.3管制措施 5
2.1.4整治復育 7
2.2 國內整治成功案例 10
2.2.1 實例一—台塑汞污泥案 10
2.2.2 實例二—彰化裕台化工 11
2.2.3 實例三—桃園榮民化工 11
2.2.4 實例四—赤山巖汞污泥 12
2.3 國外案例 12
2.3.1 實例A—柯曼伊棻木材廠污染案 13
2.3.2 實例B—愛渠污染事件 14
2.3.3 實例C—帕森化工農藥污染案 15
2.3.4 實例D—卡羅萊納州電壓器廠 16
2.3.5 實例E—哈德遜河多氯聯苯污染 16
2.3.6 實例F—中南木業 17
2.4 受戴奧辛與汞污染土壤整治技術 23
2.4.1 離地熱處理 23
2.4.2 離地化學萃取 24
2.4.3 離地脫鹵化法 25
2.4.4 離地固化及穩定化 26
2.4.5 現地玻璃化法 28
2.4.6 綜合比較 29
2.5 案例場址背景 32
2.5.1 案例場址地理位置 32
2.5.2 場址土地範圍 32
2.5.3 場址附近土地使用概況 33
2.5.4 安順廠歷史營運資料 34
2.5.4.1 場址營運沿革 34
2.5.4.2 安順廠相關製程 35
2.5.5 標的污染物特性說明 42
2.5.5.1 汞 42
2.5.5.2 戴奧辛 44
2.5.6 污染物分布與數量 48
2.5.6.1管制區範圍內污染物分佈與數量 48
2.5.6.2管制區範圍外污染物分布數量 50
第三章 研究方法 51
3.1 研究範疇 51
3.2 研究流程 51
第四章 結果與討論 54
4.1 場址污染物量及清除經費推估 54
4.1.1 場址污染物量 54
4.1.2 清除經費推估 56
4.2 場址整治規劃策略 57
4.2.1整治策略方案 57
4.2.1.1 清除處理方案 58
4.2.1.2 現況環境管理方案 59
4.2.1.3現場封閉貯存方案 60
4.2.2 可行處理技術及可能面臨問題 62
4.3 案例議題研析 64
4.3.1 整治技術層面 64
4.3.2 整治經費規模與來源 64
4.3.3 土地再利用規劃問題 65
4.3.4 社會照顧(護)責任 65
4.3.5 當地養殖水產業衝擊 66
4.3.6 土污基金求償問題 67
第五章 結論與建議 68
5.1 結論 68
5.2 建議 69
參考文獻 70
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