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論文中文名稱:台灣地區太陽能電池與太陽能板流佈與管理之研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:A Study on the Material Flow and Management of Solar Cell and Panel in Taiwan [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:工程學院
系所名稱:環境工程與管理研究所
畢業學年度:97
出版年度:98
中文姓名:廖原篁
英文姓名:Yuan-Huang Liao
研究生學號:96608030
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2009-06-23
論文頁數:117
指導教授中文名:張添晉
指導教授英文名:Tien-Chin Chang
口試委員中文名:章裕民;李清華;陳志恆
口試委員英文名:Yu-Min Chang,;Ching-Hwa Lee;Jyh-Herng Chen
中文關鍵詞:物質流分析流佈太陽能電池太陽能板
英文關鍵詞:Material Flow Analysis (MFA)FateSolar CellSolar Panel
論文中文摘要:為因應提倡綠色能源,目前台灣已大力推動太陽能產業發展,相對之,太陽能電池與太陽能板製造量將大幅增加,其生命週期約為15至25年,故可推估未來20年間將持續有大量廢棄物產生,同時伴隨科技進步,發電效率亦將提升,因此,調查國內太陽能電池與太陽能板物質流佈實為不容緩之議題。
本研究以物質流分析觀點,主要調查物質進入一系統內之流動情形,及從系統輸出至另一系統過程,對象包含矽晶、薄膜類(非晶矽;a-Si)太陽能電池/板進行流佈調查與推估。依實地訪視國內五家太陽能電池製造商及三家太陽能板組裝業者所得知成果,且透過行政院環保署「全國事業廢棄物管制系統」、財政部關稅總局及經濟部國貿局「中華民國進出口貿易統計系統」三大系統查詢結果為依據,系統性探討國內兩者廢棄物流動情況。依據物質流佈推估結果得知2007年國內太陽能電池之廢棄量約19,561 kg/y,再藉文獻數據求得矽晶類佔17,507 kg/y,主要流向以回至原製程再利用及製程相關產品為主;薄膜(非晶矽;a-Si)類佔880 kg/y,以再利用或掩埋處理之。太陽能板廢棄量約為191,186 kg/y,其包括矽晶與非晶矽類,分別為171,111 kg/y與8,603 kg/y,此外,當年太陽能板實際組裝扣除廢棄、出口,再加進口量,則合計流動於國內市場約3,998,295 kg/y。
根據台灣地區太陽能電池與太陽能板物質流分析結果,本研究從行政管理面、廢棄物回收處理面及循環再利用面進行探討,進而提升兩者廢棄物回收管理成效架構,並具體提出其處理、回收之管理策略及改善建議,以期相關政府單位與太陽能光電產業可朝向零廢棄願景及資源循環再利用目標邁進。
論文英文摘要:In order to promote green energy, the number of Solar Panel manufactures has dramatically increased in Taiwan every year. And the average lifespan of Solar Panels is about 15 to 25 years. Hence, it is expected that there will be a tremendous amount of waste solar panels in the next twenty years. We must take necessary precautions against it. The flow on waste of Solar Cells and Panels, therefore, is an important issue to be discussed.
This study uses material flow analysis (MFA) to investigate Solar Cells and Panels, and we focus on three groups of Solar Cells and Panels: single-crystal silicon, polycrystalline silicon of crystalline materials, and thin film materials(a-Si). One of our data collections is from visiting five Solar Cells manufactures and three Solar Panels assembly plants, another is from three government organizations including Taiwan Environmental Protection Administration, Directorate General of Customs, and Bureau of Foreign Trade. According to the results of MFA, the waste Solar Cells was 19,561 kg/y in 2007. Crystalline materials and thin film materials(a-Si) accounted for about 17,507 kg/y and 880 kg/y respectively of the waste Solar Cells. The former returns to upstream companies for reusing or reproducing relevant sub-products; the latter was made of glass which is used for landfilling or recycling as paving materials. In addition, it was found that the waste Solar Panels in Taiwan was 191,186 kg/y in 2007, including 171,111 kg/y crystalline materials and 8,603 kg/y thin film materials(a-Si). In this study we found the amount of solar panels deducted from the quantity of waste and export solar panels and added the volume import was 3,998,295 kg/y in 2007 domestic market.
According to the results of Taiwan Solar Cells and Panels made from material flow analysis, we make an attempt to enhance the structure of recycling management and try to provide practical strategies from the administration, waste recycling, and reusing aspects. In conclusion, we hope this study can take a step in the direction of zero waste and resource recycling.
論文目次:中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
致 謝 iv
目錄 v
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究流程與範疇 2
1.3.1 研究流程 2
1.3.2 研究範疇 4
第二章 文獻回顧 8
2.1 太陽能電池或太陽能板之種類及特性 8
2.1.1 構造及原理 8
2.1.2 種類特性及用途 9
2.1.3 組成成份分析 13
2.2 國內外太陽能電池或太陽能板之產業現況 15
2.2.1 國內市場現況 15
2.2.2 國外市場現況 21
2.3 物質流分析理論基礎探討 23
2.3.1 工業生態 23
2.3.2 物質流分析定義 28
2.3.3 國內外相關應用研究 40
2.4 國內外太陽能電池或太陽能板之相關管理制度與回收清除處理現況 43
2.4.1 國內現況 43
2.4.2 歐盟現況 44
2.4.3 美國現況 47
2.4.4 日本現況 50
2.4.5 各國相關回收管理制度之比較現況 52
第三章 研究方法 54
3.1 研究內容與流程 54
3.2 物質流分析流程與步驟 58
3.2.1 物質流分析方法論 58
3.2.2 物質流分析模式建構與發展 60
3.3 文獻蒐集及實地訪視 62
第四章 結果與討論 67
4.1 台灣太陽能電池之現況分析 67
4.1.1 產品製造量分析 67
4.1.2 廢棄量分析 68
4.1.3 內銷量分析 68
4.1.4 進出口量分析 68
4.1.5 台灣太陽能電池物質流佈分析 71
4.1.6 台灣太陽能電池產業流佈推估與其廢棄物管理方式 73
4.1.6.1 北部A廠 73
4.1.6.2 中部B廠 76
4.1.6.3 中部C廠 78
4.1.6.4 南部D廠 80
4.1.6.5 南部E廠 82
4.2 台灣太陽能板之現況分析 83
4.2.1 進出口量分析 83
4.2.2 產品組裝量分析 85
4.2.3 廢棄量分析 86
4.2.4 境內市場分析 86
4.2.5 台灣太陽能板物質流佈分析 87
4.2.6 台灣太陽能板產業流佈推估及其廢棄物管理方式 88
4.2.6.1 北部A廠 88
4.2.6.2 北部B廠 90
4.2.6.3 中部C廠 93
4.3 台灣太陽能電池與太陽能板物質流佈分析 95
4.4 廢太陽能電池與太陽能板處理及回收之管理策略 97
第五章 結論與建議 107
5.1 結論 107
5.2 建議 108
參考文獻 110
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2012-07-27起公開