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論文中文名稱:全像技術的類比資訊儲存與重建 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Analogical Data Recording and Reconstruction using Holographical Technology [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:機電學院
系所名稱:機電整合研究所
畢業學年度:97
出版年度:98
中文姓名:莊明翰
英文姓名:Ming-Han Chuang
研究生學號:96408061
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2009-07-29
論文頁數:112
指導教授中文名:丁振卿
口試委員中文名:楊台發;鍾清枝
中文關鍵詞:全像技術雷射彩虹全像雷射光筆三乙醇胺
英文關鍵詞:HolographyLaserRainbow HologramLaser PointerTriethanolamin
論文中文摘要:本論文主要研究類比全像影像資訊儲存與重建,探討全像拍攝技術的原理並建立優化彩虹全像片的拍攝條件。全像拍攝依照參考光與物體光的光路設計可分為同軸式與離軸式,而根據參考光與物體光入射至全像片的方向可分為穿透式與反射式。完成拍攝紀錄資訊後,底片必須經過顯影、定影、漂白等沖洗過程。本論文進行實驗各種全像拍攝方式以及底片沖洗過程,分析所得立體影像的繞射效率、可視角等結果。
彩虹全像片經由二次拍攝方法使全像片得以使用白光進行重建,其影像可呈現多彩的現象,使全像影像更具視覺效果,本論文藉由二次拍攝條件的設定,包括狹縫的尺寸及位置,進行優質彩虹全像拍攝的討論,包含影像景深效果及色彩分布變化。
拍攝全像片需要同調性光源,目前大多使用氣體雷射,本研究以半導體雷射之雷射光筆的進行實驗,探討雷射光筆同調性及光強分布的光源特性,進而討論降低全像拍攝成本方法,使全像術更能生活化應用。
立體影像是未來影像顯示科技重點之一,其中影像「多彩性」是研究重要項目,本論文分析不同三乙醇胺溶液的浸泡條件與波長變化的關係,亦使用雷射光筆進行低成本多波長混光多彩全像片製作。
論文英文摘要:The paper mainly focused on studying the analogical data recording and reconstruction using holographical technology. It aims to study principle and optimize the rainbow holography. Holography is divided into in-line and off-line arrangements in terms of design of reference and object light beams. It's also divided into transmission and reflection holography in terms of light incident direction of reference and object beams. The holographical plate has to go through the procedure of development、fixing、bleaching for yielding the hologram after recording. This paper built different recording arrangements of holography studied development methods of holographical plate. The 3D image reconstruction of hologram discussed diffraction efficiency and viewable angle.
Rainbow hologram is made by two-step method and reconstructed by white light. The reconstructed image can show dispersion multiple phenomenon and yields better vision. The optimization study for reconstructed image depth and color distribution of rainbow holography discussed the influence slit gap size and distance to master hologram.
Holography needs coherent light and gas lasers are nowpopularly applied light source. This paper used laser pointer for holographical to popularize the holographical application due to it's relatively cheaper price. This paper measured and analysed light coherence and brightness distribution of applied laser pointer.
Three-dimensional color image production is one of the most important developments for display technology in the future. This paper used triethanolamin solution to immerse the holographical plate and discussed the influence of immersed durations as well as solution concentrations of color property of the reconstructed image. The mixed light source used the cheaper laser pointers.
論文目次:摘要i
ABSTRACTiii
誌謝iv
目錄viii
表目錄ix
圖目錄xiii
第一章 緒論1
1.1 研究背景1
1.2 文獻回顧3
1.3 研究動機與目的6
第二章 基礎理論8
2.1 同調性8
2.1.1 時間同調性8
2.1.2 空間同調性8
2.2 干涉原理9
2.2.1 光的傳播9
2.2.2 干涉原理9
2.2.3 可視度10
2.3 繞射原理11
2.4 全像術14
2.4.1 記錄14
2.4.2 穿透率14
2.4.3 重建15
2.4.4 成像16
2.5 全像記錄材料分類18
2.5.1 光聚合物(Photopolymers)18
2.5.2 光阻劑(Photoresist)18
2.5.3 光致變色材料(Photochromic)18
2.5.4 光熱塑片(Photothermoplastic film)20
2.5.5 重鉻酸明膠(Dichromated Gelatin, DCG)20
2.5.6 光折變晶體(Photorefractive Crystals)20
2.6 全像片21
2.6.1 薄全像片與厚全像片21
2.6.2 振幅全像片與相位全像片21
2.7 底片拍攝及沖洗原理22
2.7.1 曝光24
2.7.2 顯影25
2.7.3 定影25
2.7.4 漂白26
2.7.4.1 重鹵化漂白26
2.7.4.2 反轉漂白26
2.7.4.3 物理轉移漂白26
2.8 布拉格條件26
2.9 繞射效率28
2.10 底片膨脹技術29
2.11 雷射原理31
第三章 實驗架設33
3.1 實驗器材33
3.1.1 雷射33
3.1.2 分光鏡34
3.1.3 避震光學桌35
3.1.4 空間濾波器36
3.1.5 照度計37
3.1.6 旋轉底片置具38
3.1.7 全像底片38
3.2 同調性量測40
3.3 全像拍攝40
3.3.1 離軸穿透式全像41
3.3.2 離軸反射式全像42
3.3.3 同軸反射式全像44
3.3.4 雷射光筆穿透式全像44
3.4 彩虹全像拍攝46
3.4.1 離軸反射式與離軸穿透式彩虹全像46
3.4.2 彩虹全像狹縫製作47
3.5 全像底片沖洗流程48
3.5.1 PFG-03M底片藥水製作與沖洗流程49
3.5.2 PFG-03M底片藥水製作與沖洗流程50
3.6 可視角量測53
3.7 繞射效率量測53
3.8 多波長全像拍攝架設55
3.9 多採全像片製作57
3.10 拍攝物體58
第四章 結果與討論59
4.1 雷射全像拍攝技術探討60
4.1.1 曝光量對繞射效率的分析60
4.1.2 光強比對繞射效率的分析61
4.1.3 不同光強比繞射條紋分析62
4.1.4 物體與全像底片位置之可視角分析67
4.1.5 顯影劑與繞射效率分析72
4.1.6 定影劑與繞射效率分析72
4.2 影響全像片重建之繞射效率因子74
4.2.1 同軸反射式全像拍攝影像分析74
4.2.2 離軸反射式全像拍攝影像分析74
4.2.3 振幅與相位全像片繞射效率分析78
4.2.4 彩虹全像拍攝技術探討82
4.2.5 彩虹全像狹縫大小分析82
4.2.6 彩虹全像狹縫位置分析82
4.2.7 立體物件穿透式彩虹全像拍攝85
4.2.8 立體物件反射式彩虹全像拍攝87
4.3 雷射光筆應用於全像拍攝之分析89
4.4 多波長全像片重建97
4.5 底片膨脹與重建影像波長之分析100
4.5.1 底片浸泡條件與重建影像波長之分析100
第五章 結論104
第六章 未來展望106
參考文獻107
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2010-09-04起公開