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論文中文名稱:都市校園人工濕地自然淨化工法之研究 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:Natural Purification of Constructed Wetland in the Urban Campus [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:設計學院
系所名稱:建築與都市設計研究所
中文姓名:蘇瑋佳
英文姓名:Wei-Chia Su
研究生學號:92528020
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2005-06-23
論文頁數:75
指導教授中文名:黃志弘
指導教授英文名:CHIH-HONG HUANG
口試委員中文名:鄭政利;林鎮洋
中文關鍵詞:人工濕地生化需氧量生活污水自然淨化都市生態
英文關鍵詞:Constructed WetlandBiochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD)Domestic SewageNatural PurificationUrban Ecology
論文中文摘要:在都市地區,校園是重要的綠地資源之一,具有調節環境生態與增進人體健康方面的機能,爰此,本研究擬以都市校園之人工濕地為對象,檢視其對都市污水之水質淨化功效為何,並以生化需氧量為處理對象,利用校園人工濕地進行實場實驗,引生活污水注入濕地,以處理水中的含碳有機物質。
由於有機物質的削減主要可分為生物性及物理性機制,其中物理性機制係指是過濾、沉澱及吸附作用,有助於生物性機制的進行,其貢獻約佔50%至70%以上;本研究除證實人工濕地利用自然淨化處理生活污水時,主要影響因子為溫度及污水注入量,同時計算得反應速率常數k值平均為2.238,遠高於高緯度之國家。
本研究同時發展一BOD處理能力之提升裝置,可應用於於污水或各種放流水之處理,期能利用物理作用促進化學反應之進行,裝置動力採用再生能源,故對於環境及生態並不造成負面影響,可謂符合生態需求之水質自然淨化提升裝置。
論文英文摘要:In urban areas, the campus is one of the most important green resources with the function adjusting the environmental quality. This research focuses on the constructed wetlands in the urban campus and evaluates their effect on sewage treatment. We recharge the septic sewage into the natural purification system to treat biochemical oxygen demand (BOD).

This research proves the main factors in BOD removal are the temperature and influent loading. The reaction in Taiwan is much more obvious because of the hot and humid summer. At the same time, we find the aquatic plants contribute very little in BOD treatment.

Therefore, this research develops a patent of water quality improvement. This facility could be used in rivers, streams, lake, ponds, and tanks. It uses recyclable energy and impact nothing in the environment.
論文目次:第一章 前言 1
1.1 研究動機與目的 1
1.2 研究範圍 2
1.3 研究流程 3
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 都市校園之生態機能 5
2.1.1 人工濕地之應用 6
2.1.2 污染物質削減機制 8
2.1.3 水質處理切入點—生化需氧量 10
2.1.4 人工溼地之應用 12
2.1.5 環境因子之重要性 14
2.2 都市水資源利用實務 16
2.2.1 污水再利用之水質標準 16
2.2.2 水資源循環利用具體措施 19
第三章 材料與方法 22
3.1 研究方法與假設 22
3.2 實驗項目與材料 23
3.2.1 地面水體水質背景值監測 23
3.2.2 人工溼地實場實驗 24
3.2.3 生化需氧量之削減 24
3.2.4 檢測及統計方法 26
第四章 人工溼地自然淨化之效能 38
4.1 人工溼地實場環境背景 38
4.1.1 生態池實場環境 38
4.1.2 水質背景值 39
4.2 生化需氧量自然淨化處理效率 39
4.2.1 污水注入量之影響 39
4.2.2 季節與溫度之影響 43
4.2.3 生化需氧量削減機制 44
4.3 處理過程中溶氧量變化 45
4.4 水生植物對生化需氧量削減之貢獻 46
第五章 人工濕地處理能力之提升裝置 48
5.1 污水處理先前技術 48
5.1.1 污水處理廠 48
5.1.2 污水處理專利裝置 49
5.2 BOD處理切入點與解決構想 54
5.2.1 有機物之削減機制 54
5.2.2 影響處理能力之因子 54
5.2.3 維護管理與永續使用 56
5.2.4 動力試算與節能 56
5.3 BOD處理能力提升裝置 57
5.3.1 裝置內容 57
5.3.2 裝置效能 59
第六章 結論與建議 60
6.1 結論—生活污水BOD自然淨化之效能 60
6.2 實務應用建議 61
6.2.1 加強處理過程之物理機制 61
6.2.2 將自然淨化工法列入建築及都市設計相關法規 62
6.3 未來研究建議 62
參考文獻 64
附錄 實驗數據整理 69
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學位論文
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[47] 胡志清,以模廠型人工溼地處理煉油及煉鋼廠廢水,國立中山大學海洋環境及工程學系研究所,碩士論文,2002。
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網頁
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論文全文使用權限:同意授權於2005-07-15起公開