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論文中文名稱:多目標鄰避設施廠址選擇問題 [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
論文英文名稱:A Study on Multi-Objectives Obnoxious Facility Location Problem [以論文名稱查詢館藏系統]
院校名稱:臺北科技大學
學院名稱:管理學院
系所名稱:工業工程與管理研究所
畢業學年度:98
出版年度:99
中文姓名:陳垣穎
英文姓名:Yuan-Ying Chen
研究生學號:97378054
學位類別:碩士
語文別:中文
口試日期:2010-06-17
論文頁數:71
指導教授中文名:吳建文
指導教授英文名:Chien-wen Wu
口試委員中文名:羅淑娟;陳鵬文
口試委員英文名:Shu-chuan Lo;Pon-Won Chen
中文關鍵詞:鄰避設施廠址選擇問題機場
英文關鍵詞:NIMBYFacility Lcation ProblemAirport
論文中文摘要:本研究探討鄰避(NIMBY, Not-In-My-Back-Yard)設施的廠址選擇問題。鄰避設施,如:核能發電廠、監獄、垃圾掩埋場或是飛機場,就整體社會的經濟發展或人類生活環境所需的宏觀角度而言,它所提供的服務與其存在性是必要的,但是由於此類型的設施會對設置的地區帶來負面的影響,時常導致當地居民的反對,因而產生了「不要在我家後院」或是「鄰避」的現象。因此,要如何適當的選擇鄰避設施的位置,使得設施的負面影響能夠最小,又能提供社會所需的服務,是一項困難且重要的議題。
本研究首先回顧過去廠址選擇問題的文獻並針對問題的特性進行比較,並且將鄰避設施的廠址選擇問題依照應用作出分類並分析其數學模型,藉以找出不同應用所適合的目標及限制式。接著本研究以飛機場的位置選擇為例子,藉由結合PMIP (p-median impact problem)和MCLPDC (minimum covering location problem with distance constraints)兩個模型,期望建構一個適合機場設置的數學模型。實驗部分則是使用線性規劃軟體CPLEX求出此數學模型的最佳解。
論文英文摘要:This paper discusses the obnoxious facilities location problems. General examples of obnoxious facilities are nuclear power plant, prison, waste landfill and airport. These facilities, they are necessary to development due to supplies the essential services to society. However, they are undesirable and often dangerous to their surroundings, which result in opposition of local resident to the installation of obnoxious facilities which are close to them. Therefore, it is a difficult but important issue that how to minimize the negative impact that located facilities had on the communities in the planning region and provision of services for society.
This paper will firstly concentrate on the overview of the past research in facility location problems. We provide a classification of obnoxious facility location problems according to different applications. We also analyze the mathematic model to find out what the objectives and constraints are suitable for each different application. We propose a new model by incorporating the PMIP model with the MCLPDC model. The proposed model can be applied for choosing locations of airports.
論文目次:摘 要i
ABSTRACTii
誌 謝iii
目錄iv
表目錄v
圖目錄vi
第一章 緒論1
1.1 研究背景與動機1
1.2 研究目的4
1.3 研究範圍與限制4
1.4 研究流程與架構4
第二章 文獻探討6
2.1 廠址選擇問題6
2.2 鄰避設施廠址選擇問題的應用11
2.2.1 廢棄物處理類型應用13
2.2.2 軍事設施與核能發電廠的應用20
2.2.3 機場的應用21
2.2.4 提高犯罪率的設施應用23
2.2.5 普遍型應用25
2.3 小結26
第三章 系統實作29
3.1 系統描述29
3.1.1 系統開發環境與工具29
3.1.2 系統架構29
3.2 應用分析及共通模型建構39
3.2.1 問題描述45
3.3 整合性機場數學模型47
3.3.1 基本假設47
3.3.2 數學模型建構與說明47
第四章 實驗結果與分析50
第五章 結論與未來研究方向61
5.1 結論61
5.1 建議62
參考文獻63
附錄67
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